Anesthesiology

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Anesthesiology

The Practice of Anesthesiology


=> The Practice of Anesthesiology
=> The History of Anesthesia
=> Inhalation Anesthesia
=> Local & Regional Anesthesia
=> Intravenous Anesthesia
=> Evolution of the Specialty
=> The Scope of Anesthesia

Anesthetic Equipment and Monitors

The Operating Room Environment


=> The Operating Room Environment: Safety Culture
=> The Operating Room Environment: Medical Gas Systems
=> Environmental Factors in the Operating Room
=> Electrical Safety in the Operating Room
=> Fire Prevention & Preparation in the Operating Room
=> Fire Extinguishers in the Operating Room
=> Laser Safety in the Operating Room
=> Crew Resource Management in the Operating Room
=> Future Design of Operating Rooms

Breathing Systems


=> Anesthetic Equipment & Monitors : Breathing Systems
=> Insufflation
=> Open Drop and Draw Over Anesthesia
=> Mapleson Circuits
=> Components of Mapleson Circuits
=> Performance Characteristics of Mapleson Circuits
=> The Circle System
=> Components of the Circle System
=> Optimization of Circle System Design
=> Performance Characteristics of the Circle System
=> Disadvantages of the Circle System
=> Resuscitation Breathing Systems

The Anesthesia Machine


=> The Anesthesia Machine
=> Anesthesia Gas Supply
=> Anesthesia Flow Control Circuits
=> Anesthesia The Breathing Circuit
=> Anesthesia Ventilators
=> Anesthesia Ventilator Circuit Design
=> Anesthesia Ventilators Pressure & Volume Monitoring
=> Problems Associated with Anesthesia Ventilators
=> Anesthesia Waste Gas Scavengers
=> Anesthesia Machine Checkout List

Cardiovascular Monitoring


=> Arterial Blood Pressure
=> Noninvasive Arterial Blood Pressure Monitoring Indications
=> Invasive Arterial Blood Pressure Monitoring
=> Electrocardiography
=> Central Venous Catheterization
=> Pulmonary Artery Catheterization
=> Cardiac Output

Non cardiovascular Monitoring


=> Precordial & Esophageal Stethoscopes - Respiratory Gas Exchange Monitors
=> Pulse Oximetry - Respiratory Gas Exchange Monitors
=> Capnography
=> Anesthetic Gas Analysis
=> Electroencephalography - Neurological System Monitors
=> Evoked Potentials - Neurological System Monitors
=> Cerebral Oximetry and Other Neurological System Monitors of the Brain
=> Temperature Monitors
=> Urinary Output Monitors
=> Peripheral Nerve Stimulation

Clinical Pharmacology

Pharmacological Principles


=> Pharmacokinetics: Absorption
=> Pharmacokinetics: Distribution
=> Pharmacokinetics: Biotransformation
=> Pharmacokinetics: Excretion
=> Pharmacokinetics: Compartment Models
=> Pharmacodynamics
=> Inhalation Anesthetics
=> Factors Affecting Inspiratory Concentration
=> Factors Affecting Alveolar Concentration
=> Factors Affecting Arterial Concentration
=> Factors Affecting Elimination
=> Theories of Anesthetic Action
=> Anesthetic Neurotoxicity
=> Anesthetic Neuroprotection and Cardiac Preconditioning
=> Minimum Alveolar Concentration
=> Nitrous Oxide - Clinical Pharmacology of Inhalation Anesthetics
=> Halothane - Clinical Pharmacology of Inhalation Anesthetics
=> Isoflurane - Clinical Pharmacology of Inhalation Anesthetics
=> Desflurane - Clinical Pharmacology of Inhalation Anesthetics
=> Sevoflurane - Clinical Pharmacology of Inhalation Anesthetics
=> Xenon - Clinical Pharmacology of Inhalation Anesthetics

Intravenous Anesthetics


=> Intravenous Anesthetics: Barbiturates
=> Intravenous Anesthetics: Benzodiazepines
=> Intravenous Anesthetics: Ketamine
=> Intravenous Anesthetics: Etomidate
=> Intravenous Anesthetics: Propofol
=> Intravenous Anesthetics: Fospropofol

Analgesic Agents


=> Analgesic Agents: Opioids
=> Analgesic Agents: Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors

Neuromuscular Blocking Agents


=> Neuromuscular Transmission
=> Neuromuscular Blocking Agents: Mechanism Of Action
=> Other Mechanisms of Neuromuscular Blockade
=> Reversal of Neuromuscular Blockade
=> Response to Peripheral Nerve Stimulation
=> DepolarizingMuscle Relaxants: Succinylcholine
=> Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants: Unique Pharmacological Characteristics
=> Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants: General Pharmacological Characteristics
=> Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants: Atracurium
=> Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants: Cisatracurium
=> Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants: Pancuronium
=> Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants: Vecuronium
=> Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants: Rocuronium
=> Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants: Other Relaxants
=> Newer Muscle Relaxants

Cholinesterase Inhibitors and Other Pharmacologic Antagonists to Neuromuscular Blocking Agents


=> Cholinergic Pharmacology
=> Cholinergic Pharmacology: Mechanism of Action
=> Cholinergic Pharmacology: Clinical Pharmacology
=> Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Neostigmine
=> Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Pyridostigmine
=> Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Edrophonium
=> Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Physostigmine
=> Non Classic Reversal Agents
=> Sugammadex
=> L Cysteine

Anticholinergic Drugs


=> Anticholinergic Drugs
=> Specific Anticholinergic Drugs

Adrenergic Agonists and Antagonists


=> Adrenoceptor Physiology
=> Adrenergic Agonists
=> Adrenergic Agonists: Phenylephrine
=> Adrenergic Agonists: Epinephrine
=> Adrenergic Agonists: Ephedrine
=> Adrenergic Agonists: Norepinephrine
=> Adrenergic Agonists: Dopamine
=> Adrenergic Agonists: Isoproterenol
=> Adrenergic Agonists: Dobutamine
=> Adrenergic Agonists: Dopexamine
=> Adrenergic Agonists: Fenoldopam
=> Adrenergic Antagonists: Αlpha Blockers Phentolamine
=> Adrenergic Antagonists: Mixed Antagonists Labetalol
=> Adrenergic Antagonists: Beta Blockers
=> Adrenergic Antagonists: Esmolol
=> Adrenergic Antagonists: Metoprolol
=> Adrenergic Antagonists: Propranolol
=> Adrenergic Antagonists: Nebivolol
=> Adrenergic Antagonists: Carvedilol
=> Perioperative Βeta Blocker Therapy

Hypotensive Agents


=> Hypotensive Agents
=> Nitrovasodilators: Sodium Nitroprusside
=> Nitrovasodilators: Nitroglycerin
=> Nitrovasodilators: Hydralazine
=> Non-Nitrovasodilator Hypotensive Agents: Fenoldopam
=> Non-Nitrovasodilator Hypotensive Agents: Calcium Antagonists

Local Anesthetics


=> Mechanisms of Local Anesthetic Action
=> Local Anesthetic: Structure Activity Relationships
=> Local Anesthetic: Pharmacokinetics
=> Local Anesthetic: Effects on Organ Systems
=> Local Anesthetic: Drug Interactions

Adjuncts to Anesthesia


=> Aspiration
=> Aspiration: Histamine Receptor Antagonists
=> Aspiration: H1-Receptor Antagonists
=> Aspiration: H2-Receptor Antagonists
=> Aspiration: Antacids
=> Aspiration: Metoclopramide
=> Aspiration: Proton Pump Inhibitors
=> Postoperative Nausea & Vomiting PONV
=> 5 HT3 Receptor Antagonists
=> Butyrophenones
=> Dexamethasone
=> Neurokinin 1 Receptor Antagonist
=> Adjuncts to Anesthesia: Ketorolac
=> Clonidine
=> Dexmedetomidine
=> Doxapram
=> Naloxone
=> Naltrexone
=> Flumazenil

Anesthetic Management

Preoperative Assessment and Premedication Perioperative Documentation


=> Preoperative Evaluation
=> Elements of the Preoperative History
=> Elements of the Preoperative Physical Examination
=> Preoperative Laboratory Testing
=> Premedication
=> Documentation - Clinical Anesthesiology

Anesthetic Management Airway Management


=> Airway Management: Anatomy
=> Routine Airway Management
=> Airway Assessment
=> Airway Management Equipment
=> Airway Management Positioning
=> Airway Preoxygenation
=> Bag and Mask Ventilation
=> Supraglottic Airway Devices
=> Endotracheal Intubation
=> Larygoscopes
=> Video Laryngoscopes
=> Techniques of Direct and Indirect Laryngoscopy & Intubation
=> Surgical Airway Techniques
=> Problems Following Intubation
=> Techniques of Extubation
=> Complications of Laryngoscopy & Intubation

Cardiovascular Physiology and Anesthesia


=> Cardiovascular Physiology & Anesthesia
=> Physiology & Anesthesia: The Heart
=> Cardiac Action Potentials
=> Initiation & Conduction of the Cardiac Impulse
=> Mechanism of Heart Contraction
=> Innervation of the Heart
=> The Cardiac Cycle
=> Determinants of Ventricular Performance
=> Assessment of Ventricular Function
=> Systemic Circulation
=> Autonomic Control of the Systemic Vasculature
=> Arterial Blood Pressure
=> Anatomy & Physiology of the Coronary Circulation
=> Effects of Anesthetic Agents on Heart
=> Compensatory Mechanisms

Anesthesia for Patients with Cardiovascular Disease


=> Anesthesia for Patients with Cardiovascular Disease
=> Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation and Preparation for Noncardiac Surgery
=> Coronary Artery Disease
=> Hypertension
=> Hypertension:Preoperative Management
=> Hypertension: Intraoperative Management
=> Hypertension: Postoperative Management
=> Ischemic Heart Disease
=> Ischemic Heart Disease: Preoperative Management
=> Ischemic Heart Disease: Intraoperative Management
=> Ischemic Heart Disease: Monitoring
=> Arrhythmias, Pacemakers, and Internal Cardioverter-Defibrillator Management
=> Heart Failure
=> Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
=> Valvular Heart Disease: General Evaluation of Patients
=> Mitral Stenosis
=> Mitral Regurgitation
=> Mitral Valve Prolapse
=> Aortic Stenosis
=> Calculating Aortic Valve Area & Transvalvular Gradient
=> Aortic Regurgitation
=> Tricuspid Regurgitation
=> Endocarditis Prophylaxis
=> Anticoagulation
=> Congenital Heart Disease
=> Obstructive Lesions
=> Predominantly Left-to-Right (Simple) Shunts
=> Predominantly Right-to-Left (Complex) Shunts
=> The Patient with a Transplanted Heart

Anesthesia for Cardiovascular Surgery


=> Cardiopulmonary Bypass
=> Cardiopulmonary Bypass: Systemic Hypothermia
=> Myocardial Preservation
=> Physiological Effects of Cardiopulmonary Bypass
=> Anesthetic Management of Cardiac Surgery: Adults
=> Anesthetic Management of Cardiac Surgery: Preinduction Period
=> Anesthetic Management of Cardiac Surgery: Prebypass Period
=> Anesthetic Management of Cardiac Surgery: Bypass Period
=> Anesthetic Management of Cardiac Surgery: Termination of CPB
=> Anesthetic Management of Cardiac Surgery: Postbypass Period
=> Anesthetic Management of Cardiac Surgery: Postoperative Period
=> Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
=> Pediatric Patients
=> Cardiac Transplantation
=> Cardiac Transplantation: Anesthetic Management
=> Pericardial Disease
=> Anesthesia for Surgery on the Aorta
=> Specific Lesions of the Aorta
=> Anesthetic Management
=> Anesthesia for Carotid Artery Surgery

Respiratory Physiology and Anesthesia


=> Functional Respiratory Anatomy
=> Mechanisms of Breathing
=> Lung Mechanics
=> Ventilation/Perfusion Relationships
=> Alveolar, Arterial, & Venous Gas Tensions
=> Transport of Respiratory Gases in Blood
=> Control of Breathing
=> Nonrespiratory Functions of the Lung

Anesthesia for Patients with Respiratory Disease


=> Anesthesia : Pulmonary Risk Factors
=> Anesthesia : Asthma
=> Anesthesia : Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
=> Anesthesia : Restrictive Pulmonary Disease
=> Anesthesia : Acute Intrinsic Pulmonary Disorders
=> Anesthesia : Chronic Intrinsic Pulmonary Disorders
=> Anesthesia : Extrinsic Restrictive Pulmonary Disorders
=> Anesthesia : Pulmonary Embolism

Anesthesia for Thoracic Surgery


=> Anesthesia for Thoracic Surgery: The Lateral Decubitus Position
=> Anesthesia for Thoracic Surgery: The Open Pneumothorax
=> Anesthesia for Thoracic Surgery: One Lung Ventilation
=> Physiological Considerations During Thoracic Anesthesia
=> Techniques for One-Lung Ventilation
=> Anesthesia for Lung Resection: Preoperative Considerations
=> Anesthesia for Lung Resection: Anesthetic Considerations
=> Special Considerations for Patients Undergoing Lung Resection
=> Anesthesia for Tracheal Resection
=> Anesthesia for Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS)
=> Anesthesia for Diagnostic Thoracic Procedures
=> Anesthesia for Lung Transplantation
=> Anesthesia for Esophageal Surgery

Neurophysiology and Anesthesia


=> Cerebral Metabolism
=> Cerebral Blood Flow
=> Regulation of Cerebral Blood Flow
=> Blood Brain Barrier
=> Cerebrospinal Fluid
=> Intracranial Pressure
=> Effect of Anesthetic Agents on Cerebral Physiology
=> Physiology of Brain Protection

Anesthesia for Neurosurgery


=> Intracranial Hypertension
=> Anesthesia & Craniotomy for Patients with Mass Lesions
=> Anesthesia for Surgery in the Posterior Fossa
=> Anesthesia for Stereotactic Surgery
=> Anesthesia for Head Trauma
=> Anesthesia & Craniotomy for Intracranial Aneurysms & Arteriovenous Malformations
=> Anesthesia for Surgery on the Spine

Anesthesia for Patients with Neurologic and Psychiatric Diseases


=> Anesthesia for Cerebrovascular Disease
=> Anesthesia for Seizure Disorders
=> Anesthesia for Parkinson Disease
=> Anesthesia for Alzheimer Disease
=> Anesthesia for Multiple Sclerosis
=> Anesthesia for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
=> Anesthesia for Guillain Barre Syndrome
=> Anesthesia for Autonomic Dysfunction
=> Anesthesia for Syringomyelia
=> Anesthesia for Spinal Cord Injury
=> Anesthesia for Depression
=> Anesthesia for Bipolar Disease
=> Anesthesia for Schizophrenia
=> Anesthesia for Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
=> Anesthesia for Substance Abuse

Renal Physiology Anesthesia


=> Renal Physiology & Anesthesia
=> Anesthesia: The Nephron
=> Anesthesia: The Renal Circulation
=> Renal Blood Flow & Glomerular Filtration
=> Effects of Anesthesia & Surgery on Renal Function
=> Anesthesia: Diuretics
=> Anesthesia: Osmotic Diuretics Mannitol
=> Anesthesia: Loop Diuretics
=> Anesthesia: Thiazide & Thiazide Like Diuretics
=> Anesthesia: Potassium Sparing Diuretics
=> Anesthesia: Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors

Anesthesia for Patients with Kidney Disease


=> Anesthesia for Patients with Kidney Disease
=> Anesthesia for Evaluating Renal Function
=> Altered Renal Function the Effects of Anesthetic Agents
=> Anesthesia for Patients with Kidney Failure
=> Anesthesia for Patients with Mild to Moderate Renal Impairment

Anesthesia for Genitourinary Surgery


=> Anesthesia for Cystoscopy
=> Anesthesia for Transurethral Resection of the Prostate
=> Anesthesia for Lithotripsy
=> Anesthesia for Noncancer Surgery of the Upper Ureter & Kidney
=> Anesthesia: Surgery For Urological Malignancies
=> Anesthesia: Surgery For Urological Malignancies: Prostate Cancer
=> Anesthesia: Surgery For Urological Malignancies: Bladder Cancer
=> Anesthesia: Surgery For Urological Malignancies: Testicular Cancer
=> Anesthesia: Surgery For Urological Malignancies: Renal Cancer
=> Anesthesia for Renal Transplantation

Hepatic Physiology Anesthesia


=> Hepatic Physiology and Functional Anatomy
=> Liver Tests
=> Effect of Anesthesia on Hepatic Function

Anesthesia for Patients with Liver Disease


=> Anesthesia for Coagulation in Liver Disease
=> Anesthesia for Acute Hepatitis
=> Anesthesia for Chronic Hepatitis
=> Anesthesia for Cirrhosis
=> Anesthesia for Hepatic Surgery
=> Anesthesia for Special Situations

Anesthesia for Patients with Endocrine Disease


=> The Pancreas Physiology
=> Anesthesia for Diabetes Mellitus
=> The Thyroid Physiology
=> Anesthesia for Hyperthyroidism
=> Anesthesia for Hypothyroidism
=> The Parathyroid Glands Physiology
=> Anesthesia for Hyperparathyroidism
=> Anesthesia for Hypoparathyroidism
=> The Adrenal Gland Physiology
=> Anesthesia for Mineralocorticoid Excess
=> Anesthesia for Mineralocorticoid Deficiency
=> Anesthesia for Glucocorticoid Excess
=> Anesthesia for Glucocorticoid Deficiency
=> Anesthesia for Catecholamine Excess
=> Anesthesia for Obesity
=> Anesthesia for Carcinoid Syndrome

Anesthesia for Patients with Neuromuscular Disease


=> Anesthesia for Patients with Neuromuscular Disease
=> Anesthesia for Myasthenia Gravis
=> Anesthesia for Paraneoplastic Neuromu Scularsyndromes
=> Anesthesia for Muscular Dystrophies
=> Anesthesia for Myotonias
=> Anesthesia for Periodic Paralysis

Anesthesia for Ophthalmic Surgery


=> Anesthesia for Intraocular Pressure Dynamics
=> Anesthesia for the Oculocardiac Reflex
=> Anesthesia for Intraocular Gas Expansion
=> Anesthesia for Systemic Effects of Ophthalmic Drugs
=> General Anesthesia for Ophthalmic Surgery
=> Regional Anesthesia for Ophthalmic Surgery

Anesthesia for Otorhinolaryngologic Surgery


=> Anesthesia for Endoscopy
=> Anesthesia for Nasal & Sinus Surgery
=> Anesthesia for Head & Neck Cancer Surgery
=> Anesthesia for Maxillofacial Reconstruction & Orthognathic Surgery
=> Anesthesia for Ear Surgery

Anesthesia for Orthopedic Surgery


=> Anesthesia for Orthopedic Surgery
=> Anesthesia for Perioperative Management Considerations in Orthopedic Surgery
=> Anesthesia for Fracture of the Hip
=> Anesthesia for Total Hip Arthroplasty
=> Anesthesia for Closed Reduction of Hip Dislocation
=> Anesthesia for Knee Arthroscopy
=> Anesthesia for Total Knee Replacement
=> Anesthesia for Shoulder Surgery
=> Anesthesia for Distal Upper Extremity Surgery

Anesthesia for Trauma and Emergency Surgery


=> Anesthesia for Trauma & Emergency Surgery
=> Anesthesia for Primary Survey
=> Anesthesia for Resuscitation
=> Anesthesia for Definitive Trauma Interventions
=> Anesthesia for Traumatic Brain Injury
=> Anesthesia for Spinal Cord Injury
=> Anesthesia for Burns

Maternal and Fetal Physiology and Anesthesia


=> Anesthesia for Physiological Changes During Pregnancy
=> Anesthesia for Uteroplacental Circulation
=> Physiology of Normal Labor
=> Effect of Labor on Maternal Physiology
=> Effect of Anesthetic Agents on Uterine Activity & Labor
=> Fetal Physiology
=> Physiological Transition of the Fetus at Birth

Obstetric Anesthesia


=> Anesthetic Risk in Obstetric Patients
=> General Approach to the Obstetric Patient
=> Anesthesia for Labor & Vaginal Delivery
=> Regional Anesthetic Techniques: Spinal Opioids Alone
=> Regional Anesthetic Techniques: Local Anesthetic/Local Anesthetic Opioid Mixtures
=> Anesthesia for Cesarean Section
=> Anesthesia for Cesarean Section: Regional Anesthesia
=> Anesthesia for Cesarean Section: General Anesthesia
=> Anesthesia for Emergency Cesarean Section
=> Anesthesia for Umbilical Cord Prolapse
=> Anesthesia for Dystocia & Abnormal Fetal Presentations & Positions
=> Anesthesia for Multiple Gestations
=> Anesthesia for Antepartum Hemorrhage
=> Anesthesia for Premature Rupture of Membranes & Chorioamnionitis
=> Anesthesia for Preterm Labor
=> Anesthesia for Hypertensive Disorders
=> Anesthesia for Heart Disease
=> Anesthesia for Amniotic Fluid Embolism
=> Anesthesia for Postpartum Hemorrhage
=> Anesthesia for Fetal Resuscitation
=> Anesthesia for Neonatal Resuscitation

Pediatric Anesthesia


=> Pediatric Anesthesia: Anatomic & Physiological Development
=> Pediatric Anesthesia: Pharmacological Differences
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Risk
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Preoperative Considerations
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Monitoring
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Induction
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Intravenous Induction
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Inhalational Induction
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Intravenous Access
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Tracheal Intubation
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Maintenance
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Perioperative Fluid Requirements
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Sedation for Procedures in and out of the Operating Room
=> Pediatric Anesthetic Techniques: Emergence & Recovery
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Prematurity
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Intestinal Malrotation & Volvulus
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Tracheoesophageal Fistula
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Gastroschisis & Omphalocele
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Infectious Croup, Foreign Body Aspiration, & Acute Epiglottitis
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Myringotomy & Insertion of Tympanostomy Tubes
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Trisomy 21 Syndrome Down Syndrome
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Cystic Fibrosis
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Scoliosis

Geriatric Anesthesia


=> Geriatric Anesthesia
=> Age-Related Anatomic & Physiological Changes
=> Age-Related Pharmacological Changes

Ambulatory Non operating Room and Office Based Anesthesia


=> Ambulatory, Non operating Room, & Office-Based Anesthesia
=> Advances in Ambulatory Anesthesia and Surgery
=> Candidates for Ambulatory and Office Based Anesthesia
=> Anesthesia: Specific Patient Conditions and Ambulatory Surgery
=> Anesthesia: Intraoperative Considerations
=> Post Anesthesia Recovery and Discharge
=> Anesthesia: Discharge Criteria
=> Unanticipated Hospital Admission Following Ambulatory Surgery
=> Anesthesia: Non Operating Room Anesthesia
=> Anesthesia: Special Considerations in Out of the Operating Room Locations

Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management

Spinal Epidural Caudal Blocks


=> Spinal, Epidural & Caudal Blocks
=> The Role of Neuraxial Anesthesia in Anesthetic Practice
=> Anatomy of Vertebral Column
=> Anatomy of The Spinal Cord
=> Spinal, Epidural & Caudal Blocks: Mechanism of Action
=> Clinical Considerations Common to Spinal & Epidural Blocks
=> Spinal Anesthesia
=> Epidural Anesthesia
=> Epidural Needles and Epidural Catheters
=> Specific Techniques for Epidural Anesthesia
=> Activating an Epidural
=> Epidural Anesthesia: Factors Affecting Level of Block
=> Epidural Anesthetic Agents
=> Epidural Anesthesia: Local Anesthetic pH Adjustment
=> Failed Epidural Blocks
=> Caudal Anesthesia
=> Complications of Neuraxial Blocks
=> Complications Associated with Excessive Responses to Appropriately Placed Drug
=> Complications Associated with Needle or Catheter Insertion
=> Complications Associated with Drug Toxicity

Peripheral Nerve Blocks


=> Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Patient Selection
=> Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Risks & Contraindications
=> Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Choice of Local Anesthetic
=> Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Preparation
=> Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Block Techniques
=> Upper Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Brachial Plexus Anatomy
=> Upper Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Interscalene Block
=> Upper Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Supraclavicular Block
=> Upper Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Infraclavicular Block
=> Upper Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Axillary Block
=> Upper Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Blocks of the Terminal Nerves
=> Upper Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Intravenous Regional Anesthesia
=> Lower Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Lumbar & Sacral Plexus Anatomy
=> Lower Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Femoral Nerve Block
=> Lower Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Block
=> Lower Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Obturator Nerve Block
=> Lower Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Posterior Lumbar Plexus (Psoas Compartment) Block
=> Lower Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Saphenous Nerve Block
=> Lower Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Sciatic Nerve Block
=> Lower Extremity Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Ankle Block
=> Peripheral Nerve Blocks of the Trunk: Superficial Cervical Plexus Block
=> Peripheral Nerve Blocks of the Trunk: Intercostal Block
=> Peripheral Nerve Blocks of the Trunk: Paravertebral Block
=> Peripheral Nerve Blocks of the Trunk: Transversus Abdominis Plane Block

Chronic Pain Management


=> Anesthesia: Chronic Pain Management
=> Definitions & Classification of Chronic Pain
=> Pain Pathways
=> Physiology of Nociception
=> Pathophysiology of Chronic Pain
=> Systemic Responses to Pain
=> Evaluation of the Patient with Chronic Pain
=> Entrapment Syndromes
=> Myofascial Pain
=> Fibromyalgia
=> Low Back Pain & Related Syndromes
=> Neuropathic Pain
=> Acute Herpes Zoster & Postherpetic Neuralgia - Chronic Pain Management
=> Headache - Chronic Pain Management
=> Abdominal Pain - Chronic Pain Management
=> Cancer Related Pain - Chronic Pain Management
=> Interventional Therapies: Pharmacological Interventions
=> Diagnostic & Therapeutic Blocks
=> Trigeminal Nerve Block
=> Facial Nerve Block
=> Glossopharyngeal Block
=> Occipital Nerve Block
=> Suprascapular Nerve Block
=> Cervical Paravertebral Nerve Blocks
=> Thoracic Paravertebral Nerve Block
=> Lumbar Paravertebral Nerve Blocks
=> Cervical, Thoracic & Lumbar Medial Branch Blocks
=> Trans-Sacral Nerve Block
=> Pudendal Nerve Block
=> Sympathetic Nerve Blocks
=> Cervicothoracic (Stellate) Block
=> Splanchnic Nerve Block
=> Celiac Plexus Block
=> Lumbar Sympathetic Block
=> Superior Hypogastric Plexus Block
=> Ganglion Impar Block
=> Intravenous Regional Block
=> Epidural Injections
=> Radio frequency Ablation & Cryoneurolysis
=> Chemical Neurolysis
=> Differential Neural Blockade
=> Neuromodulation
=> Vertebral Augmentation
=> Multidisciplinary Treatment

Perioperative Pain Management Enhanced Outcomes


=> Evolution of Enhanced Recovery Programs
=> Anesthetic Management: Preoperative Period
=> Anesthetic Management: Intraoperative Period
=> Anesthetic Management: Postoperative Period
=> Anesthetic Management: Issues in the Implementation of Enhanced Recovery Programs

Perioperative and Critical Care Medicine

Management of Patients with Fluid Electrolyte Disturbances


=> Nomenclature of Solutions
=> Fluid Compartments
=> Disorders of Water Balance
=> Disorders of Water Balance: Control of Plasma Osmolality
=> Disorders of Water Balance: Hyperosmolality & Hypernatremia
=> Disorders of Water Balance: Hypoosmolality & Hyponatremia
=> Disorders of Sodium Balance
=> Disorders of Potassium Balance
=> Intercompartmental Shifts of Potassium
=> Hypokalemia
=> Hyperkalemia
=> Disorders of Calcium Balance: Normal Calcium Balance
=> Hypercalcemia
=> Hypocalcemia
=> Disorders of Phosphorus Balance
=> Normal Phosphorus Balance
=> Hyperphosphatemia
=> Hypophosphatemia
=> Disorders of Magnesium Balance
=> Normal Magnesium Balance
=> Hypermagnesemia
=> Hypomagnesemia

Acid Base Management


=> Acid-Base Management
=> Hydrogen Ion Concentration & pH
=> Acids & Bases
=> Strong Ion Difference
=> Conjugate Pairs & Buffers
=> Acid-Base Clinical Disorders
=> Body Buffers
=> Respiratory Compensation
=> Renal Acid-Base Compensation
=> Physiological Effects of Acidemia
=> Respiratory Acidosis
=> Metabolic Acidosis
=> Anesthetic considerations in Patients With Acidosis
=> Physiological Effects of Alkalosis
=> Respiratory Alkalosis
=> Metabolic Alkalosis
=> Anesthetic Considerations in Patients With Alkalemia
=> Diagnosis of Acid Base Disorders
=> Measurement of Blood Gas Tensions & pH

Fluid Management and Blood Component Therapy


=> Evaluation of Intravascular Volume
=> Intravenous Fluids
=> Perioperative Fluid Therapy
=> Transfusion
=> Complications of Blood Transfusion
=> Alternative Strategies for Management of Blood Loss During Surgery

Thermoregulation and Hypothermia and Malignant Hyperthermia


=> Thermoregulation & Hypothermia
=> Malignant Hyperthermia

Nutrition in Perioperative and Critical Care


=> Basic Nutritional Needs
=> How to Feed the Patient
=> Complications of Nutritional Support
=> Specific Nutrients
=> Enteral Nutrition and NIL Per OS Rules Priorto Elective Surgery
=> TPN and Surgery

Anesthetic Complications


=> Litigation and Anesthetic Complications
=> Adverse Anesthetic Outcomes
=> Anesthetic Complications: Mortality and Brain Injury
=> Anesthetic Complications: Vascular Cannulation
=> Anesthetic Complications: Obstetric Anesthesia
=> Anesthetic Complications: Regional Anesthesia
=> Anesthetic Complications: Pediatric Anesthesia
=> Out of the Operating Room Anesthesia and Monitored Anesthesia Care
=> Anesthetic Complications: Equipment Problems
=> Anesthetic Complications: Quality Management
=> Anesthetic Complications: Airway Injury
=> Anesthetic Complications: Peripheral Nerve Injury
=> Anesthetic Complications: Awareness
=> Anesthetic Complications: Eye Injury
=> Anesthetic Complications: Cardiopulmonary Arrest During Spinal Anesthesia
=> Anesthetic Complications: Hearing Loss
=> Anesthetic Complications: Allergic Reactions
=> Occupational Hazards in Anesthesiology

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation


=> Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
=> Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Airway
=> Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Breathing
=> Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Circulation
=> Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Defibrillation
=> Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Recommended Resuscitation Protocols

Postanesthesia Care


=> Postanesthesia Care
=> The Postanesthesia Care Unit
=> Emergence From General Anesthesia
=> Transport From the Operating Room to the PACU
=> Routine Recovery
=> Respiratory Complications
=> Circulatory Complications

Critical Care


=> Critical Care
=> Economic, Ethical, & Legal Issues in Critical Care
=> Respiratory Care
=> Medical Gas Therapy
=> Classifying Oxygen Therapy Equipment
=> Ambient Oxygen Therapy Equipment: Variable-Performance Equipment
=> Ambient Oxygen Therapy Equipment: Fixed-Performance (High-Flow) Equipment
=> Ambient Oxygen Therapy Equipment: Hazards of Oxygen Therapy
=> Mechanical Ventilation
=> Positive-Pressure Ventilators
=> Care of Patients Requiring Mechanical Ventilation
=> Discontinuing Mechanical Ventilation
=> Positive Airway Pressure Therapy
=> Other Respiratory Care Techniques
=> Respiratory Failure
=> Pulmonary Edema
=> Increased Transmural Pressure Pulmonary Edema (“Cardiogenic” Pulmonary Edema)
=> Increased Permeability Pulmonary Edema (Noncardiogenic Pulmonary Edema): Acute Lung Injury & ARDS
=> Critical Care: Drowning & Near Drowning
=> Critical Care: Smoke Inhalation
=> Acute Myocardial Infarction
=> Acute Kidney Injury & Failure
=> Prerenal Azotemia
=> Postrenal Azotemia
=> Reversible Azotemia Versus AKI
=> Infections & Sepsis
=> Pathophysiology of SIRS
=> Infections In the ICU
=> Septic Shock
=> Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
=> End-of-Life Care

Safety Quality and Performance Improvement


=> Patient Safety Issues
=> Quality of Care Performance Improvement Issues



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