Psychiatry

Online Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki and important questions and answers

Psychiatry

Listening to the Patient


=> Listening: The Key Skill in Psychiatry
=> The Primary Tools: Words, Analogies, Metaphors, Similes and Symbols
=> How Does One Hear Words in This Way?
=> Listening as More Than Hearing
=> Common Blocks to Effective Listening
=> Crucial Attitudes that Enable Effective Listening
=> Theoretical Perspectives on Listening
=> Using Oneself in Listening
=> To Be Found: The Psychological Product of Being Heard
=> Listening to Oneself to Listen Better
=> Listening in Special Clinical Situations
=> Growing and Maturing as a Listener

The Cultural Context of Clinical Assessment


=> Introduction: The Cultural Matrix of Psychiatry
=> What Is Culture?
=> Culture and Gender
=> The Cultural Formulation
=> Ethnocultural Identity
=> Illness Explanations and Help-seeking
=> Psychosocial Environment and Levels of Functioning
=> Clinician–Patient Relationship
=> Overall Assessment
=> Cultural Competence
=> Working with Interpreters and Culture-brokers
=> Conclusion: The Limits of Culture

The Psychiatric Interview Settings and Techniques


=> The Psychiatric Interview: Settings and Techniques
=> Goals of the Psychiatric Interview
=> What Is the Diagnosis?
=> The Psychiatric Database
=> Database Components
=> Conduct of the Interview: Factors Which Affect the Interview
=> General Features of Psychiatric Interviews
=> Phases of the Interview
=> Dimensions of Interviewing Techniques

PhysicianPatient Relationship


=> Physician–Patient Relationship
=> Formation of the Physician–Patient Relationship
=> Special Issues in the Physician–Patient Relationship
=> The Physician–Patient Relationship in Specific Populations of Patients

Professional Ethics and Boundaries


=> Professional Ethics and Boundaries
=> Ethical Behavior and its Relationship to the Professional Attitude
=> The Coherent Treatment Frame and the Role of Therapeutic Boundaries in Effective Psychiatric Treatment
=> Boundary Violations
=> Components of the Coherent Psychiatric Frame
=> Stability
=> Avoiding Dual Relationships
=> Autonomy and Neutrality
=> Coherent and Noncollusive Compensation
=> Confidentiality
=> Anonymity
=> Abstinence
=> Self-respect and Self-protection

Law Ethics and Psychiatry


=> Overview of Legal Principles
=> Rights and Responsibilities
=> Confidentiality and Privilege
=> Informed Consent
=> Exceptions to Informed Consent
=> Medicolegal Aspects of Clinical Practice
=> Third Party Payers and the Psychiatrist
=> Liability for Supervising Other Professionals
=> Criminal Law and Psychiatry
=> Civil Litigation
=> Competence, Capacity and Guardianship
=> Special Issues
=> Psychiatric Ethics
=> Sources of Psychiatric Ethics
=> Potential Consequences of Diagnostic Labels
=> Ethics of Psychiatric Research
=> Ethics and Suicide
=> Ethical Dimensions of Health System Changes

A Psychiatric Perspective on Human Development


=> A Psychiatric Perspective on Human Development
=> Theories and Models of Development
=> Biological Development
=> Cognitive Developmen
=> Emotional Development
=> Social Development
=> Moral Development
=> Developmental Psychopathology
=> High-Risk Periods for Psychopathology
=> Interlineal Decalage
=> The Psychiatrist as a Developmentalist

Psychopathology Across the Life Cycle


=> Psychopathology Across the Life-Cycle
=> Continuity, Persistence and Progression Across the Life-Cycle
=> Stress-diathesis Model of Psychopathology
=> Pathoplastic Effects of Age
=> Problems of Childhood
=> Problems of Adolescence
=> Problems of Early Adulthood
=> Problems of Middle Adult Life
=> Problems of Late Life

Psychiatric Epidemiology


=> Psychiatric Epidemiology
=> The Scope of Inquiry in Psychiatric Epidemiology
=> Measures of Disease Frequency
=> Measures of Association
=> Instruments to Identify Cases
=> Psychometric Properties of Instruments
=> Risk Factor Identification
=> Types of Epidemiological Studies
=> Threats to Validity in Epidemiological Studies
=> Examples of Psychiatric Epidemiologic Studies
=> The Epidemiological Catchment Area Study
=> The National Comorbidity Survey

Psychiatric Pathophysiology Schizophrenia


=> Pursuing the Pathophysiology of Schizophrenia
=> Clinical Pharmacology in Schizophrenia
=> Preclinical Studies Relevant to the Pathophysiology of Schizophrenia
=> Systems Pathology in Schizophrenia: The Limbic Cortex
=> Postmortem Limbic Cortex Abnormalities in Schizophrenia: Structural Changes

Psychiatric Pathophysiology Mood Disorders


=> Genetic Factors
=> Molecular Genetic Research
=> Monoamine Alterations
=> Neuropeptides and Hormones
=> Neuroimaging Studies

Psychiatric Pathophysiology Anxiety Disorders


=> Psychiatric Pathophysiology: Anxiety Disorders
=> Gamma-aminobutyric Acid (GABA)
=> Glutamate
=> NMDA Receptors
=> Linking NMDA Receptors to Biogenic Amine-based Anxiolytics
=> Group II Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors
=> Serotonin
=> Norepinephrine

Psychiatric Pathophysiology Addiction


=> Psychiatric Pathophysiology: Addiction
=> The Development of Addiction
=> Brain Circuitry and Addiction

Psychiatric Pathophysiology Dementia


=> Psychiatric Pathophysiology: Dementia

Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuropsychology


=> What Is Cognitive Neuroscience?
=> Current Theoretical Conceptualization of Brain Organization
=> Psychiatry: Memory
=> Cellular Basis of Memory
=> Major Subdivisions of Memory Systems
=> Frontal Lobe Contribution to Explicit Memory
=> Implicit Memory
=> Executive Functioning and the Frontal Lobes
=> Working Memory
=> Theories of Frontal Lobe Functioning
=> Behavioral–Neuroanatomical Correlates
=> Psychiatry: Attention
=> Psychiatry: Language
=> Important Issues in Language Research
=> Acquired Language Disorders: The Example of Aphasia
=> Concepts of Neuroanatomical Dominance and Localization in Language
=> Psychiatry: Model of Language
=> Neurodevelopmental Aspects of Language
=> Brain Organization and Language Development

Cognitive Psychology Basic Theory and Clinical Implications


=> Cognitive Psychology: Basic Theory and Clinical Implications
=> Cognitive Psychology: Attention
=> Cognitive Psychology: Anxiety Disorders
=> Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
=> Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
=> Borderline Personality Disorder
=> Cognitive Psychology: Memory
=> Clinical Depression, Memory and Schemata Bias
=> Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Repression and Memory Impairment
=> Higher Order Cognitive Processing
=> Automatic Versus Conscious Processing

Social Psychology


=> Social Psychology: The Self
=> Social Psychology: Social Cognition
=> Social Psychology: Interpersonal Processes: Attachment
=> Social Psychology: Interpersonal Processes: Treatment Relationship
=> Social Psychology: Interpersonal Processes: The Egoism-Altruism Debate
=> Social Psychology: Interpersonal Processes: Aggressive Behavior
=> Social Psychology: Behavior in Groups
=> Social Psychology: Culture and Social Psychology

Psychoanalytic Theories


=> Psychoanalytic Theories: Development and Major Concepts
=> Psychoanalytic Theories: Melanie Klein
=> Psychoanalytic Theories: Donald W. Winnicott
=> Psychoanalytic Theories: John Bowlby
=> Psychoanalytic Theories: Margaret Mahler
=> Psychoanalytic Theories: Otto Kernberg
=> Psychoanalytic Theories: Erik H. Erikson
=> Psychoanalytic Theories: Heinz Kohut: Self-psychology

Clinical Evaluation and Treatment Planning A Multimodal Approach


=> Clinical Evaluation and Treatment Planning: A Multimodal Approach
=> Psychiatric Interview
=> Physical Examination
=> Neurological Examination
=> Psychological and Neuropsychological Testing
=> Neuropsychological Examination Compared with Other Examinations
=> Types of Referral Questions for Neuropsychological Evaluation
=> Characterization of Adaptive Strengths and Weaknesses and Treatment Planning
=> Assessment of Change of State
=> Limitations of Reliability and Validity
=> Laboratory Assessments
=> Neurophysiologic Assessment
=> Brain Imaging
=> Structural Imaging Modalities
=> Functional Imaging Modalities
=> Special Assessment Techniques
=> Treatment Planning - Clinical Evaluation and Treatment Planning: A Multimodal Approach
=> Differential Diagnosis - Clinical Evaluation and Treatment Planning: A Multimodal Approach

Behavior and Adaptive Functioning


=> Personality Style
=> Domains of Functioning
=> Social and Interpersonal Functioning
=> Occupational Functioning
=> Leisure
=> Assessing Behavior and Adaptive Functioning in the Clinical Interview

Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders


=> Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders
=> Specific Cultural Considerations - Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders
=> Substance Use Disorders - Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders
=> Schizophrenia and Related Psychotic Disorders
=> Mood Disorders - Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders
=> Anxiety Disorders - Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders
=> Somatoform Disorders - Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders
=> Dissociative Disorders - Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders
=> Sexual Disorders - Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders
=> Eating Disorders - Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders
=> Adjustment and Personality Disorders - Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders
=> The Case of Culture-bound Syndromes and Idioms of Distress

Psychiatric Classification


=> Goals of a Psychiatric Classification
=> Approaches to Psychiatric Classification
=> DSM-IV Multiaxial System
=> DSM-IV-TR Classification and Diagnostic Codes

Diagnostic Classification in Infancy and Early Childhood


=> Diagnostic Classification in Infancy and Early Childhood
=> Principles of Assessment - Diagnostic Classification in Infancy and Early Childhood
=> The DIR Model - Diagnostic Classification in Infancy and Early Childhood
=> Overview of the Classification System - Infancy and Early Childhood

Childhood Disorders Mental Retardation


=> Concept of Childhood Mental Retardation
=> Etiology and Pathophysiology of Childhood Mental Retardation
=> Approaches to Classification of the Causation of Mental Retardation
=> Assessment of Mental Retardation
=> Overall Goals of Treatment of Mental Retardation
=> Mental Retardation: Variations in Presentation, Behavior Disorders, Assessment
=> Mental Retardation: Evaluation of Clinical Data, Aggression
=> Overall Goals of Psychiatric Treatment of Persons with Mental Retardation
=> Principles of the Use of Psychotropic Drugs in Persons with Mental Retardation
=> Mental Retardation: Psychosocial Interventions
=> Mental Retardation: Psychotherapies, Behavioral Treatment
=> Psychiatrist–Patient Relationship: Models of Delivery of Psychiatric Services

Childhood Disorders Learning and Motor Skills Disorders


=> Childhood Disorders: Learning and Motor Skills Disorders
=> Diagnosis of a Learning Disorder or Motor Skills Disorder
=> Evaluation of the Child or Adolescent
=> Environmental and Cultural Assessment - Learning and Motor Skills Disorders
=> Treatment, Educational, Psychotherapeutic Interventions - Learning and Motor Skills Disorders

Childhood Disorders Communication Disorders


=> Childhood Disorders: Communication Disorders
=> Diagnosis - Childhood Disorders: Communication Disorders
=> Course and Natural History - Childhood Disorders: Communication Disorders
=> Treatment - Childhood Disorders: Communication Disorders
=> Academic Comorbidity and Outcome - Childhood Disorders: Communication Disorders
=> Comparison of DSM-IV/ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria - Childhood Disorders: Communication Disorders

Childhood Disorders The Autism Spectrum Disorders


=> Childhood Disorders: The Autism Spectrum Disorders
=> Phenomenology - Childhood Disorders: The Autism Spectrum Disorders
=> Etiology and Pathophysiology - Childhood Disorders: The Autism Spectrum Disorders
=> Biochemical Findings in ASD - Childhood Disorders: The Autism Spectrum Disorders
=> Neuropathological Findings in ASD - Childhood Disorders: The Autism Spectrum Disorders
=> Functional Neuroimaging Findings in ASD(Autism Spectrum Disorders)
=> Genetics and ASD(Autism Spectrum Disorders)
=> Autistic Disorder and MMR Vaccinations
=> Autism Spectrum Disorders: Assessment and Differential Diagnosis
=> Autism Spectrum Disorders: Differential Diagnosis
=> Autism Spectrum Disorders: Epidemiology and Comorbidity
=> Autism Spectrum Disorders: Course
=> Autism Spectrum Disorders: Treatment
=> Autism Spectrum Disorders: Comparison of DSM-IV/ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria

Childhood Disorders Attention deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders


=> Childhood Disorders: Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Epidemiology and Etiology - Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Neurobiology - Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Genetics - Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Environmental Factors - Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Course and Natural History- Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Assessment and Rating Scales- Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Interviews, Psychological/Psychometric Evaluation- Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Observational and Laboratory Measures - Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Differential Diagnoses - Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Treatment - Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Psychopharmacology - Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Psychosocial Interventions - Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> The MTA Study - Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
=> Impact of Comorbidity on Treatment - Attention-deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders

Childhood Disorders Feeding and Other Disorders of Infancy or Early Childhood


=> Childhood Disorders: Feeding and Other Disorders of Infancy or Early Childhood
=> Feeding Disorder of State Regulation
=> Feeding Disorder of Poor Care Giver–Infant Reciprocity
=> Infantile Anorexia
=> Sensory Food Aversions
=> Post Traumatic Feeding Disorder
=> Rumination Disorder
=> Pica

Childhood Disorders Tic Disorders


=> Tic Disorders: Phenomenology and Diagnostic Criteria
=> Diagnostic Criteria for the Tic Disorders
=> Tic Disorders: Epidemiology
=> Tic Disorders: Frequently Cooccurring Symptoms or Disorders
=> Relationship of the Commonly Cooccurring Symptoms and Conditions with Tourette’s Disorder
=> Tic Disorders: Etiology
=> Tic Disorders: Diagnosis
=> Tic Disorders: Differential Diagnosis
=> Tic Disorders: Course and Natural History
=> Tic Disorders: Standard Approaches to Treatment
=> Treatment of Cooccurring Psychiatric Disorders in Tourette’s Disorder

Childhood Disorders Elimination Disorders and Childhood Anxiety Disorders


=> Enuresis
=> Encopresis
=> Separation Anxiety Disorder
=> Selective Mutism

Delirium and Dementia


=> Delirium and Dementia
=> Dementia, Delirium and Other Cognitive Disorders
=> Dementia of the Alzheimer Type
=> Dementia Due to Pick’s Disease
=> Dementia Due to Parkinson’s Disease
=> Dementia Due to Huntington’s Disease
=> Vascular Dementia
=> Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis
=> Creutzfeldt–Jakob Disease
=> Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
=> Dementia Due to HIV Diseases
=> Neurosyphilis
=> Dementia Due to Head Trauma
=> Substance-induced Persisting Dementia
=> Alcohol-induced Dementia
=> Dementia Due to Other General Medical Conditions
=> Delirium
=> Amnestic Disorders

Mental Disorders Due to a General Medical Condition


=> Mental Disorders Due to a General Medical Condition
=> Psychotic Disorder Due to a General Medical Condition
=> Assessment and Differential Diagnosis - Mental Disorders Due to a General Medical Condition
=> Epidemiology, Comorbidity, Course, Treatment - Mental Disorders Due to a General Medical Condition
=> Mood disorder with Depressive Features
=> Mood Disorder with Manic Features
=> Anxiety Disorder Due to a General Medical Condition with Panic Attacks or with Generalized Anxiety
=> Mood Disorder with Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms
=> Catatonic Disorder Due to a General Medical Condition
=> Personality Change Due to a General Medical Condition
=> Pseudobulbar Palsy
=> Klüver–Bucy Syndrome

General Approaches to Substance and Polydrug Use Disorders


=> General Approaches to Substance and Polydrug Use Disorders
=> Etiology and Pathophysiology - General Approaches to Substance and Polydrug Use Disorders
=> Special Issues in the Psychiatric Examination - General Approaches to Substance and Polydrug Use Disorders
=> Course and Natural History - General Approaches to Substance and Polydrug Use Disorders
=> Other Substance Use Disorders: Anabolic Steroids

Substance Abuse Alcohol Use Disorders


=> Substance Abuse: Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Etiology and Pathophysiology - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Pathophysiology - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Assessment and Differential Diagnosis - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Alcohol Intoxication
=> Alcohol Withdrawal
=> Alcohol-induced Disorder
=> Assessment of Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Screening - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Psychiatric History and Examination - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Relevant Physical Examination and Laboratory Findings - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Gender and Developmental Presentations - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Epidemiology and Comorbidity - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Psychiatric Comorbidity in Individuals with an Alcohol Use Disorder
=> Course and Natural History - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Treatment - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> The Management of Alcohol Withdrawal
=> Therapeutic Modalities: Nonpharmacological - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> Therapeutic Modalities: Pharmacological - Alcohol Use Disorders
=> The Treatment of Psychiatric Comorbidity in Alcoholics
=> Treatment of Depressive Symptoms/Disorders
=> Treatment of Anxiety Symptoms/Disorders
=> Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Mutual Help Organizations
=> Special Features Influencing Treatment - Alcohol Use Disorders

Substance Abuse Caffeine Use Disorders


=> Caffeine Intoxication
=> Treatment - Caffeine Use Disorders
=> Caffeine Withdrawal
=> Caffeine Dependence
=> Caffeine-induced Anxiety Disorder
=> Caffeine-induced Sleep Disorder

Substance Abuse Cannabis related Disorders


=> Substance Abuse: Cannabis-related Disorders
=> Cannabis: Botany and Pharmacology
=> Etiology and Pathophysiology - Cannabis-related Disorders
=> Assessment and Differential Diagnosis - Cannabis-related Disorders
=> Epidemiology and Comorbidity - Cannabis-related Disorders
=> Course - Cannabis-related Disorders
=> Treatment - Cannabis-related Disorders
=> Special Features Influencing Treatment - Cannabis-related Disorders

Substance Abuse Cocaine Use Disorders


=> Substance Abuse: Cocaine Use Disorders
=> Gender Differences in Cocaine Use Disorders
=> Course and Natural History - Cocaine Use Disorders
=> Neurobiological Changes Related to Cocaine Use
=> Diagnosis of Cocaine Use Disorders
=> Cocaine Dependence
=> Cocaine Abuse and Cocaine Intoxication
=> Cocaine Withdrawal
=> Medical Complications of Cocaine Abuse
=> Assessment and Treatment Overview - Cocaine Use Disorders
=> Cocaine Use Disorders: Clinical Course
=> Treatment of Cocaine Use Disorders
=> Psychotherapies for Cocaine Use Disorders
=> Physician–Patient Relationship Considerations
=> Pharmacotherapies for Cocaine Use Disorders

Substance Abuse Phencycline Use Disorders


=> Substance Abuse: Phencycline Use Disorders

Substance Abuse Hallucinogen and MDMA Related Disorders


=> Substance Abuse: Hallucinogen- and MDMA-Related Disorders
=> Differential Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Intoxication - Hallucinogen- and MDMA-Related Disorders
=> LSD-Related Psychotic Disorders
=> Differential Diagnosis and Treatment - Hallucinogen- and MDMA-Related Disorders
=> Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder (HPPD)
=> MDMA (“Ecstasy”)

Substance Abuse Inhalant related Disorders


=> Substance Abuse: Inhalant-related Disorders

Substance Abuse Nicotine Dependence


=> Substance Abuse: Nicotine Dependence
=> Cooccurring Psychiatric or Substance Use Disorders - Nicotine Dependence
=> Etiology and Pathophysiology - Nicotine Dependence
=> Course and Natural History - Nicotine Dependence
=> Evaluation and Assessment - Nicotine Dependence
=> Overall Approach to Treatment - Nicotine Dependence
=> Phases of Treatment - Nicotine Dependence
=> Self-help - Nicotine Dependence
=> Specific Medication and Psychosocial Treatment Interventions - Nicotine Dependence
=> Psychosocial and Psychopharmacological Therapies - Nicotine Dependence

Substance Abuse Opioid Use Disorders


=> Substance Abuse: Opioid Use Disorders
=> Epidemiology of Opioid Abuse and Dependence
=> Etiology and Pathophysiology of Opioid-related Disorders
=> Clinical Picture of Opioid-related Disorders
=> Intoxication, Withdrawal, Dependence, Abuse - Opioid Use Disorders
=> Assessment and Clinical Picture - Opioid Use Disorders
=> Course and Natural History of Opioid Dependence
=> Treatment - Opioid Use Disorders
=> Detoxification: Long-term, Short-term, Rapid and Ultra-rapid - Opioid Use Disorders
=> Opioid Agonist Pharmacotherapy
=> Antagonist Maintenance - Opioid Use Disorders
=> Psychosocial/Behavioral Treatments - Opioid Use Disorders
=> Individual Drug Counseling - Opioid Use Disorders
=> Therapeutic Communities (TCs), Addressing Comorbidity - Opioid Use Disorders
=> Psychiatric - Opioid Use Disorders
=> Medical - Opioid Use Disorders
=> Integrated Treatment and Harm Reduction - Opioid Use Disorders

Substance Abuse Sedative Hypnotic or Anxiolytic Use Disorders


=> Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Use Disorders
=> Substance-related Disorders of Sedative–Hypnotics
=> Etiology and Pathophysiology, Epidemiology - Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Use Disorders
=> Patterns of Abuse - Disorders of Sedative–Hypnotics
=> Acute Intoxication with Sedative–Hypnotics
=> Phenomenology and Variations in Presentations - Disorders of Sedative–Hypnotics
=> Assessment - Disorders of Sedative–Hypnotics
=> Course and Natural History - Disorders of Sedative–Hypnotics
=> Psychotherapy - Disorders of Sedative–Hypnotics
=> Twelve-step Recovery - Disorders of Sedative–Hypnotics
=> Additional Treatment Considerations - Disorders of Sedative–Hypnotics
=> Risk Factors for Low-dose Benzodiazepine Withdrawal

Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses


=> Diagnosis - Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses
=> DSM-IV Subtypes of Schizophrenia
=> Schizophrenia: Epidemiological Findings: Incidence and Prevalence
=> Sociodemographical Characteristics
=> Schizophrenia: Morbidity and Mortality
=> Schizophrenia: Comorbidity with Other Illnesses, Genetics, Etiology
=> Schizophrenia: Family Prevalence Studies, Twin, Adoption
=> Schizophrenia: Viral Hypotheses, Immune Dysfunction, Pathophysiology
=> Schizophrenia: Neuroanatomical Theories
=> Schizophrenia: Neurochemical Theories
=> Schizophrenia: Clinical Manifestations and Phenomenology
=> Schizophrenia: Symptom Cluster Analysis, Cognitive Impairment
=> Schizophrenia: Information Processing and Attention, Learning and Memory, Differential Diagnosis
=> Schizophrenia: Mental Status Examination
=> Schizophrenia: Other Conditions that Resemble Schizophrenia
=> Schizophrenia: Course of Illness
=> Schizophrenia: First Episode Schizophrenia
=> Schizophrenia: Treatment and Psychiatrist–Patient Relationship
=> Schizophrenia: Psychopharmacological Treatment
=> Depression and Schizophrenia
=> Schizophrenia: Side Effects of Novel Antipsychotic Agents
=> Schizophrenia: Treatment Resistance and Negative Symptoms
=> Schizophrenia: Augmentation of Typical Neuroleptics
=> Schizophrenia: Mechanism of Action of the Atypical Antipsychotic Agents
=> Nonpharmacological Treatment of Schizophrenia
=> Psychoses Disorder
=> Differential Diagnosis - Psychoses Disorder

Mood Disorders Depression


=> Mood Disorders: Depression
=> Epidemiology - Depression
=> Comorbidity Depression Patterns: General Medical Conditions
=> Comorbidity Patterns: Other Clinical Psychiatric Disorders
=> Depression: Disorder
=> Depression: Etiology and Pathophysiology, Integration of Genetic and Environmental Theories
=> Depression: Neurobiological Theories
=> Depression: Neurohormonal Theories
=> Depression: Psychosocial Theories
=> Depression: Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis
=> Subtyping of MDD
=> Depression in Children and Adolescents
=> Major Depressive Disorder in the Older Adult and in Ethnic Groups
=> Depression: Assessment
=> Depression: Course and Natural History
=> Definitions of Remission, Relapse, Recovery and Recurrence
=> Depression: Goals of Treatment
=> Depression: Pharmacotherapy and Other Somatic Treatment
=> Depression: Psychosocial Treatment
=> Depression: Factors Influencing Treatment Response
=> Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders with Major Depressive Disorder
=> General Medical Conditions Cooccurring with Major Depressive Disorder
=> Depression: Demographic and Sociocultural Factors in Treatment
=> Refractory Major Depressive Disorder
=> Dysthymic Disorder
=> Depressive Disorder not Otherwise Specified

Mood Disorders Bipolar ManicDepressive Disorders


=> Episodes as the Basis for Diagnosis of Manic–Depressive Disorder
=> Bipolar (Manic–Depressive) Disorders: Genetic and Neurotransmitter Hypotheses
=> Bipolar (Manic–Depressive) Disorders: Cell Degeneration and Neuroprotective Effects of Medications
=> Bipolar (Manic–Depressive) Disorders: Biological Rhythms
=> Stress and Manic–Depressive Disorder
=> Bipolar (Manic–Depressive) Disorders: Assessment and Differential Diagnosis
=> A “Bipolar” Disorder?
=> Bipolar (Manic–Depressive) Disorders: History, Physical Examination and Laboratory Studies
=> Bipolar (Manic–Depressive) Disorders: Age, Gender, and Cultural Issues in Diagnosis and Assessment
=> Bipolar (Manic–Depressive) Disorders: Epidemiology
=> Bipolar (Manic–Depressive) Disorders: Clinical Outcome, Functional Outcome and Illness Costs
=> Bipolar (Manic–Depressive) Disorders: Treatment
=> Bipolar (Manic–Depressive) Disorders: Somatotherapy
=> Bipolar (Manic–Depressive) Disorders: Special Features Influencing Treatment

Mood Disorders Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder


=> Mood Disorders: Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
=> Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: Differential Diagnosis
=> Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: Epidemiology, Etiology
=> Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: Treatment

Anxiety Disorders Panic Disorder With and Without Agoraphobia


=> Anxiety Disorders: Panic Disorder With and Without Agoraphobia
=> Panic Disorder: Historical Overview
=> Panic Disorder: Prevalence and Course
=> Panic Disorder: Costs of Panic Disorder
=> Panic Disorder: Comorbidity
=> Panic Disorder: Etiology
=> Panic Disorder: Neuroanatomical Hypothesis
=> Panic Disorder: Assessment, Treatment
=> Panic Disorder: Pharmacotherapies
=> Panic Disorder: Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy
=> Panic Disorder: Combining CBT with Pharmacotherapies

Anxiety Disorders Social and Specific Phobias


=> Anxiety Disorders: Social and Specific Phobias
=> Social and Specific Phobias: Other Biological Factors
=> Social and Specific Phobias: Assessment
=> Social and Specific Phobias: Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis
=> Social and Specific Phobias: Specific Phobia Phenomenology and Subtypes
=> Social Phobia Phenomenology and Subtypes
=> Social and Specific Phobias: Epidemiology and Comorbidity
=> Social and Specific Phobias: Course and Natural History
=> Social and Specific Phobias: Treatment
=> Social and Specific Phobias: Pharmacotherapy
=> Social and Specific Phobias: Psychosocial Treatments
=> Refractory Patients and Nonresponse to Initial Treatment

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder


=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Epidemiology, Demographic Characteristics
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Course and Natural History
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Contamination
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Obsessions
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Pathological Doubt, Insight, Comorbidity
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Differential Diagnosis
=> Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder Versus Other Disorders
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Etiology, Pathophysiology, Factors
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Psychoanalytic Theory
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Treatment, Pharmacological Treatments, Assessing Treatment Resistance
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Augmentation Strategies
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Issues in the Physician–Patient Relationship
=> Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Duration and Discontinuation of Treatment

Anxiety Disorders Traumatic Stress Disorders


=> Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Epidemiology, Etiology and Pathophysiology
=> Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Psychological Factors, Diagnosis
=> Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Assessment, Course and Natural History
=> Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Pharmacotherapy
=> Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Cognitive, Cognitive–Behavioral and Behavioral Therapies
=> Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Psychodynamic Therapy
=> Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Special Features Influencing Treatment
=> Acute Stress Disorder

Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder


=> Anxiety Disorders: Generalized Anxiety Disorder
=> Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Etiology and Pathophysiology
=> Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Psychological Mechanisms
=> Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Assessment and Differential Diagnosis
=> Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Differential Diagnosis
=> Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Epidemiology and Comorbidity
=> Generalized Anxiety Disorder:Comorbidity with Other Disorders
=> Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Course, Treatment, Doctor-Patient Relationship
=> Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Pharmacotherapy
=> Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Nonpharmacological Treatments
=> Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Long-term Management of Generalized Anxiety Disorder
=> Comorbidity and the Treatment of GAD(Generalized Anxiety Disorder)
=> Treatment of GAD(Generalized Anxiety Disorder) in the Elderly
=> Treatment of GAD(Generalized Anxiety Disorder) in Adolescents and Children

Somatoform Disorders


=> Somatoform Disorders
=> Somatoform Disorders: Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis
=> Somatoform Disorders: Epidemiology, Treatment
=> Somatization Disorder
=> Somatization disorder: Course, Natural History and Prognosis
=> Undifferentiated Somatoform Disorder
=> Conversion Disorder
=> Pain Disorder
=> Hypochondriasis
=> Body Dysmorphic Disorder
=> Somatoform Disorder not Otherwise Specified

Factitious Disorders


=> Factitious Disorders
=> Factitious Disorders: Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Etiology
=> Factitious Disorders: Treatment and Prognosis
=> Factitious Disorders: Ethical Considerations, Factitious Disorder by Proxy, Treatment

Dissociative Disorders


=> Dissociative Disorders
=> Dissociative Disorders: Epidemiology
=> Dissociative Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria and Treatment Dissociative Amnesia
=> Dissociative Disorders: Implicit Effects of Dissociated Memories
=> Depersonalization Disorder
=> Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)
=> Treatment of Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)
=> Dissociative Trance Disorder
=> Acute Stress Disorder
=> Theoretical and Research Issues: Models and Mechanisms of Dissociation

Sexual Disorders


=> Sexual Disorders
=> Sexual Disorders: The Sexual Dysfunctions
=> Sexual Disorders: Problems with Orgasm
=> Sexual Disorders: Dyspareunia
=> Sexual Disorders: Gender Identity Disorders
=> Sexual Disorders: The Paraphilias
=> Sexual Disorders: The Specific Paraphilias
=> Sexual Disorder Not Otherwise Specified

Eating Disorders


=> Eating Disorders
=> Anorexia Nervosa
=> Anorexia Nervosa: Differential Diagnosis
=> Bulimia Nervosa
=> Bulimia Nervosa: Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis
=> Bulimia Nervosa: Assessment
=> Bulimia Nervosa: Differential Diagnosis
=> Binge-eating Disorder

Sleep and Sleep Wake Disorders


=> Physiological Regulation of Sleep and Wakefulness
=> Normal Age-related Changes in Sleep and Wakefulness
=> Neurophysiology and Neurochemistry of Sleep
=> Sleep Disorders
=> General Approach to the Patient with a Sleep Disorder
=> Role of the Sleep Laboratory in Clinical Sleep Disorders
=> Dyssomnias
=> Dyssomnias: Differential Diagnosis
=> Breathing-related Sleep Disorder
=> Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder (Sleep–Wake Schedule Disorders)
=> Sleep-Wake Disorders: Shift Work
=> Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep
=> Parasomnias
=> Polysomnographic Features of Sleep in Psychiatric Disorders
=> General Approaches to the Clinical Management of Sleep Disorders in Psychiatric Patients
=> Sleep Disorders in Other Medical Conditions

Impulse Control Disorders


=> Impulse Control Disorders
=> Intermittent Explosive Disorder
=> Kleptomania
=> Pyromania and Fire-setting Behavior
=> Pathological Gambling
=> Pathological Gambling: Course and Treatment
=> Trichotillomania
=> Trichotillomania: Course, Treatment, Demographical Features

Adjustment Disorders


=> Adjustment Disorders
=> Adjustment Disorders: Epidemiology
=> Adjustment Disorders: Etiology
=> Adjustment Disorders: Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis
=> Adjustment Disorders: Maladaptation, Stresses
=> Assessment of the Subtypes of Adjustment Disorder, Comorbidity and Diagnostic Boundaries
=> Adjustment Disorders: Treatment

Personality Disorders


=> Personality Disorder
=> Paranoid Personality Disorder
=> Schizoid Personality Disorder
=> Schizotypal Personality Disorder
=> Antisocial Personality Disorder
=> Borderline Personality Disorder
=> Histrionic Personality Disorder
=> Narcissistic Personality Disorder
=> Avoidant Personality Disorder
=> Dependent Personality Disorder
=> Obsessive–Compulsive Personality Disorder
=> Personality Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
=> Passive–Aggressive (Negativistic) Personality Disorder
=> Depressive Personality Disorder

Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Condition


=> Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Condition
=> Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Condition: Etiology and Pathophysiology
=> Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Condition: Assessment and Diagnosis
=> Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Condition: Differential Diagnosis
=> Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Condition: Epidemiology and Comorbidity, Course
=> Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Condition: Treatment
=> Psychological Factors in Oncology
=> Psychological Factors in Cardiology
=> Psychological Factors in Endocrinology
=> Psychological Factors in Pulmonary Disease
=> Psychological Factors in Rheumatoid Arthritis
=> Psychological Factors in Neurology
=> Psychological Factors in End-stage Renal Disease
=> Psychological Factors in Gastroenterology
=> Psychological Factors Affecting Infectious Diseases
=> Psychological Factors in Obstetrics and Infertility

Medication induced Movement Disorders


=> Medication-induced Movement Disorders
=> Neuroleptic-induced Acute Dystonia
=> Neuroleptic-induced Parkinsonism
=> Neuroleptic-induced Acute Akathisia
=> Neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
=> Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
=> Medication-induced Postural Tremor

Relational Problems


=> Relational Problems
=> Diagnosis of Relational Disorders
=> Assessment of Relational Disorders
=> Treatment of Relational Disorders

Individual Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy


=> What is Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy?
=> Transference and Resistance, Countertransference and Counterresistance - Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
=> Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy: Basic Technique
=> How Does Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy Work?
=> Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy: Therapeutic Alliance
=> How Does Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy Differ from Psychoanalysis?
=> Tasks of the Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist
=> Indications for Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
=> Contraindications to Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
=> Supportive Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
=> Gender and Ethnocultural Issues in Psychotherapy

Group Psychotherapy


=> Group Psychotherapy
=> Group Psychotherapy: Group Development
=> Group Psychotherapy: Group Dynamics
=> Theories of Group Therapy
=> Group Psychotherapy: Beginning a Group
=> Group Psychotherapy: Special Treatment Considerations
=> Group Psychotherapy: Alternative Treatment Formats

Time limited Psychotherapy Including Interpersonal Therapy


=> What is Time-limited Psychotherapy?
=> Overview of Interpersonal Psychotherapy
=> General Principles of Time-limited Psychotherapy
=> Practical Issues in Time-limited Therapy
=> Common Problems in Time-limited Psychotherapy
=> Contraindication to Time-limited Psychotherapy

Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies


=> Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies
=> Cognitive Model
=> Behavioral Model
=> Cognitive and Behavioral Treatment Strategies
=> Behavioral Techniques
=> Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies: Treatment

Family Therapy


=> Family Therapy
=> Psychodynamic Family Therapy
=> Structural Family Therapy
=> Strategic Family Therapy
=> Cognitive–Behavioral Family Therapy
=> Postmodern Family Therapies
=> Family Psychoeducation Therapies
=> Family Resilience Therapies

Couples Therapy


=> What Is “Couples Therapy?”
=> Couples Therapy: Couples Function and Dysfunction
=> Couples Therapy: Secrets and Confidentiality
=> Evaluation of the Couple
=> Indications for Couples Therapy
=> Individual, Couple, or Sex Therapy for Sexual Problems
=> Couples Therapy: Treatment
=> Couples Therapy: Strategies and Techniques of Intervention
=> Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction
=> Couples Therapy: Effectiveness and Efficacy, Dropouts, Ethical Issues, Boundaries

Hypnosis


=> Hypnosis
=> Hypnosis: What It is and What It is Not
=> Hypnotizability Scales
=> Hypnotizability in Psychiatric Disorders
=> Applications of Hypnosis
=> Applications of Hypnosis in General Medicine
=> Applications of Hypnosis in Habit Control
=> Applications of Hypnosis in Forensic Psychiatry

Psychosocial Rehabilitation


=> Psychosocial Rehabilitation
=> Issues in the Design of Psychosocial Interventions
=> Psychosocial Rehabilitation Strategies

Electroconvulsive Therapy


=> Electroconvulsive Therapy(ECT)
=> Electroconvulsive Therapy(ECT): Treatment
=> New Somatic Treatments

Neurosurgery for Treatment Refractory Psychiatric Disorders


=> Characteristics of Patients Undergoing Neurosurgery for Treatment-refractory OCD and MDD
=> Interventions - Neurosurgery for Treatment Refractory Psychiatric Disorders
=> Risks of Neurosurgical Intervention
=> Recent Advances in Neurosurgery

Ethnic and Cultural Perspectives in Psychopharmacology


=> Ethnic and Cultural Perspectives in Psychopharmacology

Antipsychotic Drugs


=> Pharmacology of Antipsychotic Agents
=> Antipsychotic Medications for Different Indications
=> Effects of Antipsychotic Agents on Symptoms of Schizophrenia
=> Treatment of Different Phases of Schizophrenia
=> Use of Plasma Levels of Antipsychotic Drugs
=> Drug Interactions and Antipsychotic Agents
=> Antipsychotic Medications and Pregnancy
=> Antipsychotic Drugs: Adverse Effects

Mood Stabilizers


=> Acute Mania
=> Acute Bipolar Depression
=> Maintenance Therapy

Antidepressants


=> Antidepressants: Mechanisms of Actions
=> Antidepressants: Taxonomy and Relation to Mechanism of Action
=> Antidepressants: The Formulation of Treatment
=> Antidepressants: Preparation of the Patient
=> Antidepressants: Initiation of Treatment
=> Antidepressants: Starting Doses
=> Antidepressants: Continuation Period
=> Antidepressants: Discontinuance of Treatment
=> Antidepressants: Maintenance Period
=> Antidepressants: Treatment Failure

Anxiolytic Drugs


=> Anxiolytic Drugs

Sedative Hypnotic Agents


=> Sedative-Hypnotic Agents
=> Sedative-Hypnotic Agents: Nonprescription Agents
=> Sedative-Hypnotic Agents: Prescription Medications
=> Sedative-Hypnotic Agents: Suggested Guidelines for Prescribing Medications

Stimulants and Related Compounds


=> Psychostimulants: Efficacy and Utility
=> Formulation of Treatment
=> Treatment with Stimulant Medications
=> Treatment Failure and Use of Long-acting Preparations

Cognitive Enhancers and Treatments for Alzheimers Disease


=> Cognitive Enhancers and Treatments for Alzheimer’s Disease
=> Restorative Approaches: Other Agents
=> Etiologically-directed Approaches in AD(Alzheimer’s Disease)

Pharmacotherapies for Substance Abuse


=> Syndromes Related to Intoxication
=> Drug Treatment of Withdrawal Syndromes
=> Management of Withdrawal in Patients with Drug Dependencies
=> Pharmacotherapies for Substance Abusers with Additional Types of Psychiatric Illness

Therapeutic Management of the Suicidal Patient


=> Therapeutic Management of the Suicidal Patient
=> Hypotheses - Therapeutic Management of the Suicidal Patient
=> Psychiatric Diagnoses - Therapeutic Management of the Suicidal Patient
=> Risk Factors - Therapeutic Management of the Suicidal Patient
=> Assessment of Suicidal Patients
=> Intervention, Education - Therapeutic Management of the Suicidal Patient
=> Therapeutic Management of the Suicidal Patient: Lithium, Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
=> Psychosocial Interventions - Therapeutic Management of the Suicidal Patient
=> Aftermath: Clinicians Coping with Patient Suicide

Treatment of Violent Behavior


=> Treatment of Violent Behavior
=> Pathophysiology of Aggressive Behavior
=> Acute Agitation
=> Treatment of Violent Behavior: Long-term Treatment

Combined Therapies Psychotherapy and Pharmacotherapy


=> Combined Therapies: Psychotherapy and Pharmacotherapy
=> Positive Aspects
=> Negative Aspects
=> Legal Issues - Split treatment
=> Ethical Issues in Split Treatment
=> Toward Successful Split Treatment

Medication Compliance


=> Medication Compliance



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