Medical Microbiology

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Medical Microbiology

Medical Microbiology



Diseases Overview


The Infectious Agents : The Microbial World
Infectious Disease
Clinical Aspects of Infectious Disease

Diseases Bacterial Structures


General Morphology, Body Plan, and Composition - Bacterial Structures
Envelope and Appendages - Bacterial Structures
Capsule - Bacterial Structures
Cell Wall - Bacterial Structures
Gram Positive Cell Wall - Bacterial Structures
Gram Negative Cell Wall - Bacterial Structures
Cell Membrane - Bacterial Structures
Flagella - Bacterial Structures
Pili - Bacterial Structures
Core - Bacterial Structures
Cytosol - Bacterial Structures
Nucleoid - Bacterial Structures
Plasmids - Bacterial Structures
Spores - Bacterial Structures

Diseases Bacterial Processes


Bacterial Metabolism - Cell Growth of Bacterial
Fueling Reactions - Cell Growth of Bacterial
Biosynthesis - Cell Growth of Bacterial
Polymerization Reactions - Cell Growth of Bacterial
Assembly Reactions and Protein Translocation - Cell Growth of Bacterial
Cell Division - Cell Growth of Bacterial
Growth of Bacterial Cultures
Biofilms - Bacterial Processes
Regulation and Adaptation - Cell Growth of Bacterial
Cell Survival - Bacterial Processes
Bacterial Virulence

Diseases Bacterial Genetics


Bacterial Variation and Inheritance - Bacterial Genetics
Mutation and Repair - Bacterial Genetics
Genetic Exchange in Bacteria
Transformation - Genetic Exchange in Bacteria
Transduction - Genetic Exchange in Bacteria
Conjugation - Genetic Exchange in Bacteria
Genetic Recombination - Bacterial Genetics
Transposable Elements - Bacterial Genetics
More about Bacterial Plasmids
General Properties and Varieties of Plasmids - Bacterial Genetics
R Plasmids - Bacterial Genetics
Detection of Plasmids - Bacterial Genetics
Bacterial Classification
Population Genetics of Pathogens

Diseases Viral Structure


Viral Structure
Virion Size and Design - Viral Structure
Genome Structure - Viral Structure
Capsid Structure - Viral Structure

Diseases Viral Multiplication


Growth and Assay of Viruses - Viral Multiplication
One-Step Growth Experiment - Viral Multiplication
Adsorption - Viral Multiplication
Entry and Uncoating - Viral Multiplication
Problems of Producing mRNA
Genome Replication: DNA, RNA Viruses
Assembly of Naked Capsid Viruses and Nucleocapsids
Release - Viral Multiplication
Quantitation of Viruses
Interferons - Viral Multiplication

Diseases Viral Genetics


Mechanisms of Viral Genetic Change
Latent State - Viral Genetics
Lysogeny - Viral Genetics
Malignant Transformation - Viral Genetics
Transformation by DNA Animal Viruses
Transformation by Retroviruses

Diseases Immune Response to Infection


Immune Response to Infection
Immuno Responsive Cells
Antigens and Epitopes
Basis of Immunologic Specificity
The T-Cell Response
Cell-Mediated Immunity
B Cells and Antibody Responses
Antibodies - B Cells and Antibody Responses
Functional Properties of Immunoglobulins
Antibody Production
Antibody-Mediated Immunity
Complement System - Immune Response to Infection
Adverse Effects of Immunologic Reactions and Hypersensitivity
Tolerance - Immune Response to Infection
Functional Integration of the Immune System in Response to Infectious Organisms

Diseases Normal Microbial Flora


Origin of the Normal Flora
Factors Determining the Nature of the Normal Flora
Normal Flora at Different Sites
Role of the Normal Flora in Disease
Beneficial Effects of the Normal Flora
Manipulation of the Normal Flora

Diseases Host Parasite Relationships


Emergence of Infectious Disease
Outcome of Infection
What is a Pathogen?
Changes in Microbial Pathogenicity
Toward a Genetic and Molecular Definition of Pathogenicity
Attributes of Microbial Pathogenicity
Adherence: The Search for a Unique Niche - Attributes of Microbial Pathogenicity
Strategy for Survival: Avoid, Circumvent, Subvert, or Manipulate Normal Host Cell Defenses
Establishment: Overcoming the Host’s Immune System
Exotoxins - Virulence Factors: Toxins
Endotoxin - Virulence Factors: Toxins
Avoiding the Host Immune System
Inadvertent Tissue Damage From Immune Reactions Directed Against Invading Bacteria
Disease and Transmissibility
Corollaries of Microbial Pathogenicity

Sterilization and Disinfection


Sterilization and Disinfection: Definitions
Microbial Killing
Sterilization
Disinfection: Physical Methods and Chemical Methods

Diseases Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases


Sources and Communicability - Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases
Infection and Disease
Incubation Period and Communicability
Routes of Transmission
Epidemics
Control of Epidemics
General Principles of Immunization

Diseases Antibacterial and Antiviral Agents


Antibacterial Therapy
Selected Antibacterial Antimicrobics
?-Lactam Antimicrobics - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
Glycopeptide Antimicrobics - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
Aminoglycosides - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
Tetracyclines - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
Chloramphenicol - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
Macrolides - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
Clindamycin, Oxazolidinones, Streptogramins - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
Quinolones - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
Folate Inhibitors - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
Metronidazole, Rifampin - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
Antimicrobics Acting on the Outer and Cytoplasmic Membranes
Antiviral Therapy
Inhibitors of Attachment - Antiviral Agents
Inhibitors of Cell Penetration and Uncoating - Antiviral Agents
Neuraminidase Inhibitors - Antiviral Agents
Inhibitors of Nucleic Acid Synthesis - Antiviral Agents
Inhibitor of Viral RNA Synthesis: Ribavirin - Antiviral Agents
Inhibitors of HIV - Antiviral Agents
Nucleotide Analogs: Cidofovir - Antiviral Agents
Foscarnet, Interferons, Fomivirsen - Antiviral Agents
Antiviral Resistance

Diseases Antimicrobial Resistance


Susceptibility and Antimicrobial Resistance
Laboratory Control of Antimicrobial Therapy
Mechanisms of Resistance - Bacterial Resistance to Antimicrobics
Genetics of Resistance - Bacterial Resistance to Antimicrobics
Epidemiology of Resistance - Bacterial Resistance to Antimicrobics
Control of Resistance - Bacterial Resistance to Antimicrobics
Selection and Administration of Antibacterial Antimicrobics

Diseases Principles of Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases


Specimen - Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
Direct Examination - Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
Isolation and Identification of Bacteria - Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
Isolation and Identification of Viruses - Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
Methods for Detecting an Antigen-Antibody Reaction
Serologic Classification - Immunologic Systems
Antibody Detection (Serology)
Antigen Detection - Immunologic Systems
Nucleic Acid Analysis
Methods of Nucleic Acid Analysis
Application of Nucleic Acid Methods to Infectious Diseases

Diseases Staphylococci


Staphyloccoci: Group Characteristics
Morphology and Structure - Staphylococcus aureus
Characteristics for Identification and Subtyping - Staphylococcus aureus
Toxins and Biologically active Extracellular Enzymes - Staphylococcus aureus
Staphylococcal Disease - Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Immunity
Staphylococcal Infections : Clinical Aspects
Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci

Diseases Streptococci and Enterococci


Streptococci - Group Characteristics
Group A Streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes) - Bacteriology
Group A Strepto Coccal Disease
Group A Strepto Coccal Infections : Clinical Aspects
Group B Streptococci (Streptococcus agalactiae)
Group B Strepto Coccal Disease
Group B Strepto Cocci : Clinical Aspects
Streptococcus pneumonia - Bacteriology
Pneumococcal Disease
Pneumococcal Disease : Clinical Aspects
Viridans and Nonhemolytic Streptococci
Enterococci
Entero Coccal Disease
Entero Coccal Disease : Clinical Aspects

Diseases CorynebacteriumListeriaand Bacillus


Corynebacteria
Corynebacterium diphtheria - Bacteriology
Corynebacterium diphtheria : Clinical aspects
Listeria Monocytogenes - Bacteriology
Listeria Monocytogenes : Clinical aspects
Bacillus anthracis
Anthrax
Anthrax : Clinical Aspects
Other Bacillus Species

Diseases Clostridium Peptostreptococcus Bacteroides and Other Anaerobes


Bacteriology : Anaerobic Bacteria
Anaerobic Infections
Anaerobic Infections : Clinical Aspects
Clostridium Perfringens - Bacteriology
Clostridium Perfringens Disease
Clostridium Perfringens : Clinical Aspects
Clostridium Tetani - Bacteriology
Tetanus : Clinical Aspects
Clostridium Botulinum - Bacteriology
Botulism
Botulism : Clinical Aspects
Clostridium Difficile - Bacteriology
Clostridium Difficile Diarrhea
Clostridium Difficile : Clinical Aspects
Bacteroides Fragilis - Bacteriology
Bacteroides Fragilis Disease
Bacteroides Fragilis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Neisseria


Neisseria: General Features
Neisseria Meningitidis - Bacteriology
Meningo Coccal Disease
Meningo Coccal Disease : Clinical Aspects
Neisseria Gonorrhoeae - Bacteriology
Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Enterobacteriaceae


Enterobacteriaceae - Bacteriology
Diseases Caused By Entero Bacteriaceae
Entero Bacteriaceae : Clinical Aspects
Escherichia Coli - Bacteriology
Escherichia Coli Opportunistic Infections
Escherichia Coli Intestinal Infections
Enterotoxigenic E. Coli (ETEC)
Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC)
Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC)
Escherichia Coli Infections : Clinical Aspects
Shigella - Bacteriology
Shigellosis
Shigellosis : Clinical Aspects
Salmonella - Bacteriology
Salmonella Gastroenteritis ( S. enterica)
Enteric ( Typhoid ) Fever ( Salmonella sero type Typhi )
Salmonellosis : Clinical Aspects
Yersinia - Bacteriology
Yersinia Diseases(Y. pseudotuberculosisand Y. enterocolitica)
Yersinia Infections : Clinical Aspects
Klebsiella - Enterobacteriaceae
Enterobacter - Enterobacteriaceae
Serratia - Enterobacteriaceae
Citrobacter - Enterobacteriaceae
Proteus, Providencia, And Morganella - Enterobacteriaceae

Diseases Vibrio Campylobacter and Helicobacter


Vibrio
Vibrio cholerae - Bacteriology
Cholera - Bacteriology
Cholera : Clinical Aspects
Campylobacter
Bacteriology : Campylobacter jejuni
Campylo Bacter Enteritis
Campylobacterosis : Clinical Aspects
Helicobacter
Bacteriology : Helicobacter pylori
Helicobacter Gastritis
Helicobacter Disease: Clinical Aspects

Diseases Pseudomonas and Other Opportunistic Gram negative Bacilli


Pseudomonas
Pseudomonas aeruginosa - Bacteriology
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Disease
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Disease: Clinical Aspects
Burkholderia
Acinetobacter
Moraxella
Aeromonas And Plesiomonas
Other Gram-Negative Rods

Diseases Haemophilus and Bordetella


Haemophilus
Haemophilus influenza - Bacteriology
Haemophilus influenza Disease
Haemophilus influenza Disease : Clinical Aspects
Haemophilus ducreyi
Bordetella
Bordetella Pertussis - Bacteriology
Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Pertussis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma


Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma - Microbiology
Mycoplasmal Pneumonia - Mycoplasma Pneumoniae
Mycoplasmal Pneumonia : Clinical Aspects
Mycoplasma Hominis
Ureaplasma Urealyticum

Diseases Legionella


Legionella - Bacteriology
Legionellosis
Legionellosis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Spirochetes


Spirochetes - Bacteriology
Spirochetal Diseases
Treponema Pallidum
Syphilis
Syphilis : Clinical Aspects
Leptospira Interrogans - Bacteriology
Leptospirosis
Leptospirosis : Clinical Aspects
Borrelia - Bacteriology
Relapsing Fever
Relapsing Fever : Clinical Aspects
Borrelia Burgdorferi - Bacteriology
Lyme Disease
Lyme Disease : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Mycobacteria


Mycobacterium - Bacteriology
Mycobacterial Disease
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis - Bacteriology
Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis : Clinical Aspects
Tuberculosis : Epidemiology
Tuberculosis : Pathogenesis
Tuberculosis : Immunity
Tuberculosis : Diagnosis
Tuberculosis: Treatment
Tuberculosis: Prevention
Mycobacterium Leprae - Bacteriology
Leprosy
Leprosy : Clinical Aspects
Mycobacteria Causing Tuberculosis-Like Diseases
Mycobacterial Soft Tissue Infections

Diseases Actinomyces and Nocardia


Actinomyces - Bacteriology
Actinomycosis
Actinomycosis : Clinical Aspects
Nocardia - Bacteriology
Nocardiosis
Nocardiosis : Clinical Aspects
Rhodococcus

Diseases Chlamydia


Chlamydia Trachomatis - Bacteriology
Chlamydia trachomatis Diseases
Chlamydiatrachomatis : Clinical Aspects
Chlamydia Psittaci
Chlamydia Pneumoniae

Diseases Rickettsia Coxiella Ehrlichia and Bartonella


Rickettsia - Bacteriology
Rickettsial Disease
Rickettsial Disease : Clinical Aspects
Coxiella - Bacteriology
Coxiella Infection : Q Fever
Q Fever : Clinical Aspects
Ehrlichia
Bartonella

Diseases Plague and Other Bacterial Zoonotic Diseases


Brucella - Bacteriology
Brucellosis
Brucellosis : Clinical Aspects
Yersinia Pestis - Bacteriology
Plague
Plague : Clinical Aspects
Francisella - Bacteriology
Tularemia
Tularemia : Clinical Aspects
Pasteurella Multocida

Diseases Influenza Respiratory Syncytial Virus Adenovirus and Other Respiratory Viruses


Influenza Virus Group Characteristics
Influenza A
Influenza
Influenza : Clinical Aspects
Respiratory Syncytial Virus - Virology
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease : Clinical Aspects
Parainfluenza Viruses - Virology
Parainfluenza Disease
Parainfluenza Disease : Clinical Aspects
Adenoviruses - Virology
Adenovirus Disease
Adenovirus Disease : Clinical Aspects
Rhinoviruses - Virology
Rhinovirus Disease
Rhinovirus Disease : Treatment And Prevention
Coronaviruses
Reoviruses

Diseases Mumps Virus Measles Rubella and Other Childhood Exanthems


Mumps - Virology
Mumps Infection
Mumps : Clinical Aspects
Measles - Virology
Measles Infection
Measles : Clinical Aspects
Rubella - Virology
Rubella Infection
Rubella : Clinical Aspects
Parvovirus B19 Infections
Roseola Infantum (Exanthem Subitum)

Diseases Poxviruses


Poxviruses: Group Characteristics
Variola (Smallpox)
Smallpox :Clinical Aspects
Vaccinia virus
Molluscum Contagiosum virus
Orf
Milker’s Nodules and Cowpox

Diseases Enteroviruses


Enteroviruses: Group Characteristics - Virology
Entero Virus Disease
Entero Viruses: Clinical Aspects
Polio
Polio : Clinical Aspects
Coxsackieviruses and Echoviruses

Diseases Hepatitis Viruses


Hepatitis A - Virology
Hepatitis A Disease
Hepatitis A Disease : Clinical Aspects
Hepatitis B - Virology
Hepatitis B Disease
Hepatitis B Disease : Clinical Aspects
Delta Hepatitis (Hepatitis D) - Virology
Delta Hepatitis Disease : Clinical Aspects
Hepatitis C - Virology
Hepatitis C Disease
Hepatitis C Disease : Clinical Aspects
Hepatitis E
Hepatitis G

Diseases Herpesviruses


Herpesviruses - Virology
Herpes Simplex Virus - Virology
Herpes Simplex Disease
Herpes Simplex : Clinical Aspects
Varicella-Zoster Virus - Virology
Varicella - Zoster Disease
Varicella - Zoster Disease : Clinical Aspects
Cytomegalovirus - Virology
Cytomegalo Virus Disease
Cytomegalo Virus : Clinical Aspects
Epstein-Barr Virus - Virology
Epstein – Barr Virus Disease
Epstein - Barr Virus : Clinical Aspects
Human Herpesvirus-6
Human Herpesvirus-7
Human Herpesvirus-8

Diseases Viruses of Diarrhea


Viruses of Diarrhea: General Features
Rotaviruses - Virology
Human Rota Viru Infections
Rota Virus Infections : Clinical Aspects
Caliciviruses - Virology
Calici Virus Infections
Calici Virus Infections :Clinical Aspects
Adenoviruses, Astroviruses, And “Candidate” Viruses

Diseases Arthropod Borne and Other Zoonotic Viruses


Arthropod-Borne and Other Zoonotic Viruses
Arbo Virus Disease
Arbovirus Disease: Specific Arboviruses
Arbo Virus Disease : Clinical Aspects
Arenaviruses
Filoviruses: Marburg and Ebola Viruses
Hantaviruses
Vesicular Stomatitis Virus

Diseases Rabies


Rabies
Rabies : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Retroviruses Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome


Retroviruses - Virology
Retroviral Genes
Transformation by Retroviruses
Roles of HIV-1 Regulatory and Accessory Proteins
Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS )
Epidemiology - Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS )
Pathogenesis - Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS )
Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) :Clinical Aspects
Manifestations - Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Diagnosis - Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Treatment and Prevention - Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

Diseases Papovaviruses


Papillomaviruses - Virology
Papilloma Virus Disease
Papilloma Virus :Clinical Aspects
Polyomaviruses - Virology
Polyoma Virus Disease
Polyoma Viruses : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Persistent Viral Infections of the Central Nervous System


Diseases Associated With Conventional Agents

Diseases Papovaviruses


Human Diseases Caused By Unconventional Viral Agents: Subacute Spongiform Encephalopathies

Diseases Characteristics of Fungi


General Nature of Fungi
Fungal Morphology and Growth

Diseases Pathogenesis Immunity and Chemotherapy of Fungal Infections


General Aspects of Fungal Disease
Antifungal Chemotherapy
Antifungal Antimicrobics that Affect Membrane Sterols
Antifungals that Affect Nucleic Acid Synthesis
Antifungals that Affect Cell Wall Synthesis
Resistance to Antifungal Agents

Diseases Dermatophytes Sporothrix and Other Superficial and Subcutaneous Fungi


Dermatophytes - Mycology
Dermatophyte Disease
Dermatophytoses : Clinical Aspects
Other Superficial Mycoses
Subcutaneous Fungi
Sporothrix schenckii
Sporotrichosis
Sporotrichosis : Clinical Aspects
Chromoblastomycosis
Mycetoma

Diseases Candida Aspergillus and Other Opportunistic Fungi


Candida: General Characteristics
Candida albicans - Mycology
Candidiasis
Candidiasis : Clinical Aspects
Aspergillus - Mycology
Aspergillosis
Aspergillosis : Clinical Aspects
Zygomycetes and Zygomycosis

Diseases Cryptococcus Histoplasma Coccidioides and Other Systemic Fungal Pathogens


Cryptococcus neoformans
Cryptococcosis
Cryptococcosis : Clinical Aspects
Histoplasma capsulatum
Histoplasmosis
Histoplasmosis: Clinical Aspects
Blastomyces dermatitidis
Blastomycosis
Blastomycosis : Clinical Aspects
Coccidioides immitis
Cocci Dioidomycosis
Cocci Dioido Mycosis : Clinical Aspects
Paracoccidioides Brasiliensis

Diseases Pneumocystis carinii


Pneumocystis carinii
Pneumocystosis
Pneumocystosis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Introduction to Pathogenic Parasites Pathogenesis and Chemotherapy of Parasitic Diseases


Parasitic Diseases: Definition
Significance of Human Parasitic Infections
Biology, Morphology, and Classification
Parasites: Life Cycles, Transmission, and Distribution
Parasites: Immunity
Parasites: Pathogenesis
Parasites: Diagnosis
Parasites: Chemotherapy
Drugs - Parasites Chemotherapy
Heavy Metals - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
Antimalarial Quinolines - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
Quinones - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
Folate Antagonists - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
Qinghaosu (Artemisinin)
Nitroimidazoles - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
Benzimidazoles - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
Avermectins - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
Praziquantel - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
Eflornithine (Difluoromethylornithine) - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
Control of diseases spread - Parasites

Diseases Sporozoa


Plasmodia - Parasitology
Malaria
Epidemiology - Malaria
Pathogenesis - Malaria
Immunity - Malaria
Malaria : Clinical Aspects
Manifestations - Malaria
Diagnosis - Malaria
Treatment - Malaria
Prevention - Malaria
Toxoplasma Gondii - Parasitology
Toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasmosis : Clinical Aspects
Cryptosporidia - Parasitology
Cryptosporidiosis
Cryptosporidiosis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Rhizopods


Rhizopods or Amebas
Entamoeba Histolytica - Parasitology
Amebiasis
Amebiasis : Clinical Aspects
Amebic Meningoencephalitis

Diseases Flagellates


Noninvasive Luminal Flagellates
Trichomonas vaginalis - Parasitology
Trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis : Clinical Aspects
Giardia lamblia - Parasitology
Giardiasis
Giardiasis : Clinical Aspects
Blood and Tissue Flagellates
Leishmania - Parasitology
Localized Cutaneous Leish Maniasis
Localized Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis
Disseminated Visceral Leishmaniasis ( Kala Azar )
African Trypanosoma - Parasitology
African Trypan Osomiasis ( Sleeping Sickness )
African Trypanosomiasis ( Sleeping Sickness ) : Clinical Aspects
American Trypanosoma - Parasitology
American Trypanosomiasis(Chagas’ Disease )
American Trypanosomiasis ( Chagas’ Disease) :Clinical Aspects

Diseases Intestinal Nematodes


Intestinal Nematodes
Life Cycles - Intestinal Nematodes
Enterobius vermicularis ( Pinworm ) : Parasitology
Enterobiasis
Enterobiasis : Clinical Aspects
Trichuris trichiura ( Whipworm ) : Parasitology
Trichuriasis
Trichuriasis : Clinical Aspects
Ascaris lumbricoides : Parasitology
Ascariasis
Ascariasis : Clinical Aspects
Ancylostoma and Necator :Parasitology - Hookworms
HookWorm Disease
Hookworm Disease : Clinical Aspects
Strongyloides stercoralis : Parasitology
Strongyloidiasis
Strongyloidiasis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Tissue Nematodes


Toxocara canis : Parasitology
Toxocariasis
Toxocariasis : Clinical Aspects
Trichinella spiralis : Parasitology
Trichinosis
Trichinosis : Clinical Aspects
Cutaneous Larva Migrans
Lymphatic Filaria
Wuchereria and Brugia : Parasitology
Lymphatic Filariasis
Lymphatic Filariasis : Clinical Aspects
Onchocerca volvulus : Parasitology
Onchocerciasis
Onchocerciasis : Clinical Aspects
Loa Loa

Diseases Cestodes


Cestodes - Parasitology
Cestodes Clinical Disease
Taenia saginata Beef Tapeworm : Parasitology
Beef Tapeworm Disease
Beef Tape Worm Disease : Clinical Aspects
Taenia solium : Parasitology
Pork Tape Worm Disease : Clinical Aspects
Fish Tapeworm: Diphyllobothrium latum : Parasitology
Fish Tape Worm Disease
Fish Tape Worm Disease : Clinical Aspects
Echinococcus granulosus - Parasitology
Echino Coccosis
Echino Coccosis : Clinical Aspects
Echinococcus multilocularis

Diseases Trematodes


Trematodes
Paragonimus Species : Parasitology
Paragonimiasis ( Lung Fluke Infection ) : Clinical Aspects
Clonorchis sinensis : Parasitology
Clonorchiasis ( Liver Fluke Infection )
Schistosoma Species : Parasitology
Schistosomiasis( Blood Fluke Infection )
Schistosomiasis ( Blood Fluke Infection ) : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Skin and Wound Infections


Skin Infections
Wound Infections
Etiologic Agents

Diseases Bone and Joint Infections


Osteomyelitis
Septic Arthritis

Diseases Eye Ear and Sinus Infections


Eye Infections
Ear Infections
Sinus Infections

Diseases Dental and Periodontal Infections


Dental and Periodontal Infections
Dental Plaque
Dental Caries
Chronic Periodontitis
Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases
Dental Plaque and Oral Flora in the Compromised Patient

Diseases Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Stomatitis


Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Stomatitis
Clinical Features - Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Stomatitis
Common Etiologic Agents - Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Stomatitis
General Diagnostic Approaches
General Principles of Management - Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Stomatitis

Diseases Middle and Lower Respiratory Tract Infections


Middle Respiratory Tract Infection
Lower Respiratory Tract Infection

Diseases Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning


Clinical Features - Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning
Common Etiologic Agents - Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning
Epidemiologic Setting - Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning
General Diagnostic Approaches - Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning
General Principles of Management - Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning

Diseases Urinary Tract Infections


Epidemiology, Pathogenesis - Urinary Tract Infections
Etiologic Agents - Urinary Tract Infections
Manifestations - Urinary Tract Infections
Diagnosis - Urinary Tract Infections
Treatment and Prevention - Urinary Tract Infections

Diseases Central Nervous System Infections


Central Nervous System Infections
Routes of Infection - Central Nervous System Infections
Clinical Features - Central Nervous System Infections
Common Etiologic Agents - Central Nervous System Infections
General Diagnostic Approaches - Central Nervous System Infections
General Principles of Management - Central Nervous System Infections

Diseases Intravascular Infections Bacteremia and Endotoxemia


Intravascular Infection
Bacteremia From Extravascular Infection
Sepsis and Septic Shock
Blood Culture

Diseases Infections of the Fetus and Newborn


Infections of the Fetus and Newborn
Common Etiologic Agents - Infections of the Fetus and Newborn
Effect of Prenatal Infection on Pregnancy and Intrauterine Development
Clinical Features, Diagnosis, And Management - Infections of the Fetus and Newborn
Torch Complex - Infections of the Fetus and Newborn

Diseases Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Genital Ulcers - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Genital Warts - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Urethritis - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Epididymitis - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Cervicitis - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Vaginitis and Vaginal Discharge
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Lymphadenitis - Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Diseases Infections in the Immunocompromised Patient


Infections in the Immunocompromised Patient
Immune Deficits Associated With Infection
Clinical Situations Associated With Infection
Diagnosis and Treatment - Infections in the Immunocompromised Patient

Diseases Nosocomial Infections and Infection Control


History: Semmelweis and Childbed Fever
Nosocomial Infections and Their Sources
Nosocomial Infection Control and Prevention



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