Medical Microbiology

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Medical Microbiology

Diseases Overview


=> The Infectious Agents : The Microbial World
=> Infectious Disease
=> Clinical Aspects of Infectious Disease

Diseases Bacterial Structures


=> General Morphology, Body Plan, and Composition - Bacterial Structures
=> Envelope and Appendages - Bacterial Structures
=> Capsule - Bacterial Structures
=> Cell Wall - Bacterial Structures
=> Gram Positive Cell Wall - Bacterial Structures
=> Gram Negative Cell Wall - Bacterial Structures
=> Cell Membrane - Bacterial Structures
=> Flagella - Bacterial Structures
=> Pili - Bacterial Structures
=> Core - Bacterial Structures
=> Cytosol - Bacterial Structures
=> Nucleoid - Bacterial Structures
=> Plasmids - Bacterial Structures
=> Spores - Bacterial Structures

Diseases Bacterial Processes


=> Bacterial Metabolism - Cell Growth of Bacterial
=> Fueling Reactions - Cell Growth of Bacterial
=> Biosynthesis - Cell Growth of Bacterial
=> Polymerization Reactions - Cell Growth of Bacterial
=> Assembly Reactions and Protein Translocation - Cell Growth of Bacterial
=> Cell Division - Cell Growth of Bacterial
=> Growth of Bacterial Cultures
=> Biofilms - Bacterial Processes
=> Regulation and Adaptation - Cell Growth of Bacterial
=> Cell Survival - Bacterial Processes
=> Bacterial Virulence

Diseases Bacterial Genetics


=> Bacterial Variation and Inheritance - Bacterial Genetics
=> Mutation and Repair - Bacterial Genetics
=> Genetic Exchange in Bacteria
=> Transformation - Genetic Exchange in Bacteria
=> Transduction - Genetic Exchange in Bacteria
=> Conjugation - Genetic Exchange in Bacteria
=> Genetic Recombination - Bacterial Genetics
=> Transposable Elements - Bacterial Genetics
=> More about Bacterial Plasmids
=> General Properties and Varieties of Plasmids - Bacterial Genetics
=> R Plasmids - Bacterial Genetics
=> Detection of Plasmids - Bacterial Genetics
=> Bacterial Classification
=> Population Genetics of Pathogens

Diseases Viral Structure


=> Viral Structure
=> Virion Size and Design - Viral Structure
=> Genome Structure - Viral Structure
=> Capsid Structure - Viral Structure

Diseases Viral Multiplication


=> Growth and Assay of Viruses - Viral Multiplication
=> One-Step Growth Experiment - Viral Multiplication
=> Adsorption - Viral Multiplication
=> Entry and Uncoating - Viral Multiplication
=> Problems of Producing mRNA
=> Genome Replication: DNA, RNA Viruses
=> Assembly of Naked Capsid Viruses and Nucleocapsids
=> Release - Viral Multiplication
=> Quantitation of Viruses
=> Interferons - Viral Multiplication

Diseases Viral Genetics


=> Mechanisms of Viral Genetic Change
=> Latent State - Viral Genetics
=> Lysogeny - Viral Genetics
=> Malignant Transformation - Viral Genetics
=> Transformation by DNA Animal Viruses
=> Transformation by Retroviruses

Diseases Immune Response to Infection


=> Immune Response to Infection
=> Immuno Responsive Cells
=> Antigens and Epitopes
=> Basis of Immunologic Specificity
=> The T-Cell Response
=> Cell-Mediated Immunity
=> B Cells and Antibody Responses
=> Antibodies - B Cells and Antibody Responses
=> Functional Properties of Immunoglobulins
=> Antibody Production
=> Antibody-Mediated Immunity
=> Complement System - Immune Response to Infection
=> Adverse Effects of Immunologic Reactions and Hypersensitivity
=> Tolerance - Immune Response to Infection
=> Functional Integration of the Immune System in Response to Infectious Organisms

Diseases Normal Microbial Flora


=> Origin of the Normal Flora
=> Factors Determining the Nature of the Normal Flora
=> Normal Flora at Different Sites
=> Role of the Normal Flora in Disease
=> Beneficial Effects of the Normal Flora
=> Manipulation of the Normal Flora

Diseases Host Parasite Relationships


=> Emergence of Infectious Disease
=> Outcome of Infection
=> What is a Pathogen?
=> Changes in Microbial Pathogenicity
=> Toward a Genetic and Molecular Definition of Pathogenicity
=> Attributes of Microbial Pathogenicity
=> Adherence: The Search for a Unique Niche - Attributes of Microbial Pathogenicity
=> Strategy for Survival: Avoid, Circumvent, Subvert, or Manipulate Normal Host Cell Defenses
=> Establishment: Overcoming the Host’s Immune System
=> Exotoxins - Virulence Factors: Toxins
=> Endotoxin - Virulence Factors: Toxins
=> Avoiding the Host Immune System
=> Inadvertent Tissue Damage From Immune Reactions Directed Against Invading Bacteria
=> Disease and Transmissibility
=> Corollaries of Microbial Pathogenicity

Sterilization and Disinfection


=> Sterilization and Disinfection: Definitions
=> Microbial Killing
=> Sterilization
=> Disinfection: Physical Methods and Chemical Methods

Diseases Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases


=> Sources and Communicability - Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases
=> Infection and Disease
=> Incubation Period and Communicability
=> Routes of Transmission
=> Epidemics
=> Control of Epidemics
=> General Principles of Immunization

Diseases Antibacterial and Antiviral Agents


=> Antibacterial Therapy
=> Selected Antibacterial Antimicrobics
=> β-Lactam Antimicrobics - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
=> Glycopeptide Antimicrobics - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
=> Aminoglycosides - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
=> Tetracyclines - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
=> Chloramphenicol - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
=> Macrolides - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
=> Clindamycin, Oxazolidinones, Streptogramins - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
=> Quinolones - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
=> Folate Inhibitors - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
=> Metronidazole, Rifampin - Antimicrobics That Act on Cell Wall Synthesis
=> Antimicrobics Acting on the Outer and Cytoplasmic Membranes
=> Antiviral Therapy
=> Inhibitors of Attachment - Antiviral Agents
=> Inhibitors of Cell Penetration and Uncoating - Antiviral Agents
=> Neuraminidase Inhibitors - Antiviral Agents
=> Inhibitors of Nucleic Acid Synthesis - Antiviral Agents
=> Inhibitor of Viral RNA Synthesis: Ribavirin - Antiviral Agents
=> Inhibitors of HIV - Antiviral Agents
=> Nucleotide Analogs: Cidofovir - Antiviral Agents
=> Foscarnet, Interferons, Fomivirsen - Antiviral Agents
=> Antiviral Resistance

Diseases Antimicrobial Resistance


=> Susceptibility and Antimicrobial Resistance
=> Laboratory Control of Antimicrobial Therapy
=> Mechanisms of Resistance - Bacterial Resistance to Antimicrobics
=> Genetics of Resistance - Bacterial Resistance to Antimicrobics
=> Epidemiology of Resistance - Bacterial Resistance to Antimicrobics
=> Control of Resistance - Bacterial Resistance to Antimicrobics
=> Selection and Administration of Antibacterial Antimicrobics

Diseases Principles of Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases


=> Specimen - Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
=> Direct Examination - Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
=> Isolation and Identification of Bacteria - Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
=> Isolation and Identification of Viruses - Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
=> Methods for Detecting an Antigen-Antibody Reaction
=> Serologic Classification - Immunologic Systems
=> Antibody Detection (Serology)
=> Antigen Detection - Immunologic Systems
=> Nucleic Acid Analysis
=> Methods of Nucleic Acid Analysis
=> Application of Nucleic Acid Methods to Infectious Diseases

Diseases Staphylococci


=> Staphyloccoci: Group Characteristics
=> Morphology and Structure - Staphylococcus aureus
=> Characteristics for Identification and Subtyping - Staphylococcus aureus
=> Toxins and Biologically active Extracellular Enzymes - Staphylococcus aureus
=> Staphylococcal Disease - Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Immunity
=> Staphylococcal Infections : Clinical Aspects
=> Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci

Diseases Streptococci and Enterococci


=> Streptococci - Group Characteristics
=> Group A Streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes) - Bacteriology
=> Group A Strepto Coccal Disease
=> Group A Strepto Coccal Infections : Clinical Aspects
=> Group B Streptococci (Streptococcus agalactiae)
=> Group B Strepto Coccal Disease
=> Group B Strepto Cocci : Clinical Aspects
=> Streptococcus pneumonia - Bacteriology
=> Pneumococcal Disease
=> Pneumococcal Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Viridans and Nonhemolytic Streptococci
=> Enterococci
=> Entero Coccal Disease
=> Entero Coccal Disease : Clinical Aspects

Diseases CorynebacteriumListeriaand Bacillus


=> Corynebacteria
=> Corynebacterium diphtheria - Bacteriology
=> Corynebacterium diphtheria : Clinical aspects
=> Listeria Monocytogenes - Bacteriology
=> Listeria Monocytogenes : Clinical aspects
=> Bacillus anthracis
=> Anthrax
=> Anthrax : Clinical Aspects
=> Other Bacillus Species

Diseases Clostridium Peptostreptococcus Bacteroides and Other Anaerobes


=> Bacteriology : Anaerobic Bacteria
=> Anaerobic Infections
=> Anaerobic Infections : Clinical Aspects
=> Clostridium Perfringens - Bacteriology
=> Clostridium Perfringens Disease
=> Clostridium Perfringens : Clinical Aspects
=> Clostridium Tetani - Bacteriology
=> Tetanus : Clinical Aspects
=> Clostridium Botulinum - Bacteriology
=> Botulism
=> Botulism : Clinical Aspects
=> Clostridium Difficile - Bacteriology
=> Clostridium Difficile Diarrhea
=> Clostridium Difficile : Clinical Aspects
=> Bacteroides Fragilis - Bacteriology
=> Bacteroides Fragilis Disease
=> Bacteroides Fragilis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Neisseria


=> Neisseria: General Features
=> Neisseria Meningitidis - Bacteriology
=> Meningo Coccal Disease
=> Meningo Coccal Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Neisseria Gonorrhoeae - Bacteriology
=> Gonorrhea
=> Gonorrhea : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Enterobacteriaceae


=> Enterobacteriaceae - Bacteriology
=> Diseases Caused By Entero Bacteriaceae
=> Entero Bacteriaceae : Clinical Aspects
=> Escherichia Coli - Bacteriology
=> Escherichia Coli Opportunistic Infections
=> Escherichia Coli Intestinal Infections
=> Enterotoxigenic E. Coli (ETEC)
=> Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC)
=> Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC)
=> Escherichia Coli Infections : Clinical Aspects
=> Shigella - Bacteriology
=> Shigellosis
=> Shigellosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Salmonella - Bacteriology
=> Salmonella Gastroenteritis ( S. enterica)
=> Enteric ( Typhoid ) Fever ( Salmonella sero type Typhi )
=> Salmonellosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Yersinia - Bacteriology
=> Yersinia Diseases(Y. pseudotuberculosisand Y. enterocolitica)
=> Yersinia Infections : Clinical Aspects
=> Klebsiella - Enterobacteriaceae
=> Enterobacter - Enterobacteriaceae
=> Serratia - Enterobacteriaceae
=> Citrobacter - Enterobacteriaceae
=> Proteus, Providencia, And Morganella - Enterobacteriaceae

Diseases Vibrio Campylobacter and Helicobacter


=> Vibrio
=> Vibrio cholerae - Bacteriology
=> Cholera - Bacteriology
=> Cholera : Clinical Aspects
=> Campylobacter
=> Bacteriology : Campylobacter jejuni
=> Campylo Bacter Enteritis
=> Campylobacterosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Helicobacter
=> Bacteriology : Helicobacter pylori
=> Helicobacter Gastritis
=> Helicobacter Disease: Clinical Aspects

Diseases Pseudomonas and Other Opportunistic Gram negative Bacilli


=> Pseudomonas
=> Pseudomonas aeruginosa - Bacteriology
=> Pseudomonas aeruginosa Disease
=> Pseudomonas aeruginosa Disease: Clinical Aspects
=> Burkholderia
=> Acinetobacter
=> Moraxella
=> Aeromonas And Plesiomonas
=> Other Gram-Negative Rods

Diseases Haemophilus and Bordetella


=> Haemophilus
=> Haemophilus influenza - Bacteriology
=> Haemophilus influenza Disease
=> Haemophilus influenza Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Haemophilus ducreyi
=> Bordetella
=> Bordetella Pertussis - Bacteriology
=> Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
=> Pertussis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma


=> Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma - Microbiology
=> Mycoplasmal Pneumonia - Mycoplasma Pneumoniae
=> Mycoplasmal Pneumonia : Clinical Aspects
=> Mycoplasma Hominis
=> Ureaplasma Urealyticum

Diseases Legionella


=> Legionella - Bacteriology
=> Legionellosis
=> Legionellosis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Spirochetes


=> Spirochetes - Bacteriology
=> Spirochetal Diseases
=> Treponema Pallidum
=> Syphilis
=> Syphilis : Clinical Aspects
=> Leptospira Interrogans - Bacteriology
=> Leptospirosis
=> Leptospirosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Borrelia - Bacteriology
=> Relapsing Fever
=> Relapsing Fever : Clinical Aspects
=> Borrelia Burgdorferi - Bacteriology
=> Lyme Disease
=> Lyme Disease : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Mycobacteria


=> Mycobacterium - Bacteriology
=> Mycobacterial Disease
=> Mycobacterium Tuberculosis - Bacteriology
=> Tuberculosis
=> Tuberculosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Tuberculosis : Epidemiology
=> Tuberculosis : Pathogenesis
=> Tuberculosis : Immunity
=> Tuberculosis : Diagnosis
=> Tuberculosis: Treatment
=> Tuberculosis: Prevention
=> Mycobacterium Leprae - Bacteriology
=> Leprosy
=> Leprosy : Clinical Aspects
=> Mycobacteria Causing Tuberculosis-Like Diseases
=> Mycobacterial Soft Tissue Infections

Diseases Actinomyces and Nocardia


=> Actinomyces - Bacteriology
=> Actinomycosis
=> Actinomycosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Nocardia - Bacteriology
=> Nocardiosis
=> Nocardiosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Rhodococcus

Diseases Chlamydia


=> Chlamydia Trachomatis - Bacteriology
=> Chlamydia trachomatis Diseases
=> Chlamydiatrachomatis : Clinical Aspects
=> Chlamydia Psittaci
=> Chlamydia Pneumoniae

Diseases Rickettsia Coxiella Ehrlichia and Bartonella


=> Rickettsia - Bacteriology
=> Rickettsial Disease
=> Rickettsial Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Coxiella - Bacteriology
=> Coxiella Infection : Q Fever
=> Q Fever : Clinical Aspects
=> Ehrlichia
=> Bartonella

Diseases Plague and Other Bacterial Zoonotic Diseases


=> Brucella - Bacteriology
=> Brucellosis
=> Brucellosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Yersinia Pestis - Bacteriology
=> Plague
=> Plague : Clinical Aspects
=> Francisella - Bacteriology
=> Tularemia
=> Tularemia : Clinical Aspects
=> Pasteurella Multocida

Diseases Influenza Respiratory Syncytial Virus Adenovirus and Other Respiratory Viruses


=> Influenza Virus Group Characteristics
=> Influenza A
=> Influenza
=> Influenza : Clinical Aspects
=> Respiratory Syncytial Virus - Virology
=> Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease
=> Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Parainfluenza Viruses - Virology
=> Parainfluenza Disease
=> Parainfluenza Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Adenoviruses - Virology
=> Adenovirus Disease
=> Adenovirus Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Rhinoviruses - Virology
=> Rhinovirus Disease
=> Rhinovirus Disease : Treatment And Prevention
=> Coronaviruses
=> Reoviruses

Diseases Mumps Virus Measles Rubella and Other Childhood Exanthems


=> Mumps - Virology
=> Mumps Infection
=> Mumps : Clinical Aspects
=> Measles - Virology
=> Measles Infection
=> Measles : Clinical Aspects
=> Rubella - Virology
=> Rubella Infection
=> Rubella : Clinical Aspects
=> Parvovirus B19 Infections
=> Roseola Infantum (Exanthem Subitum)

Diseases Poxviruses


=> Poxviruses: Group Characteristics
=> Variola (Smallpox)
=> Smallpox :Clinical Aspects
=> Vaccinia virus
=> Molluscum Contagiosum virus
=> Orf
=> Milker’s Nodules and Cowpox

Diseases Enteroviruses


=> Enteroviruses: Group Characteristics - Virology
=> Entero Virus Disease
=> Entero Viruses: Clinical Aspects
=> Polio
=> Polio : Clinical Aspects
=> Coxsackieviruses and Echoviruses

Diseases Hepatitis Viruses


=> Hepatitis A - Virology
=> Hepatitis A Disease
=> Hepatitis A Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Hepatitis B - Virology
=> Hepatitis B Disease
=> Hepatitis B Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Delta Hepatitis (Hepatitis D) - Virology
=> Delta Hepatitis Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Hepatitis C - Virology
=> Hepatitis C Disease
=> Hepatitis C Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Hepatitis E
=> Hepatitis G

Diseases Herpesviruses


=> Herpesviruses - Virology
=> Herpes Simplex Virus - Virology
=> Herpes Simplex Disease
=> Herpes Simplex : Clinical Aspects
=> Varicella-Zoster Virus - Virology
=> Varicella - Zoster Disease
=> Varicella - Zoster Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Cytomegalovirus - Virology
=> Cytomegalo Virus Disease
=> Cytomegalo Virus : Clinical Aspects
=> Epstein-Barr Virus - Virology
=> Epstein – Barr Virus Disease
=> Epstein - Barr Virus : Clinical Aspects
=> Human Herpesvirus-6
=> Human Herpesvirus-7
=> Human Herpesvirus-8

Diseases Viruses of Diarrhea


=> Viruses of Diarrhea: General Features
=> Rotaviruses - Virology
=> Human Rota Viru Infections
=> Rota Virus Infections : Clinical Aspects
=> Caliciviruses - Virology
=> Calici Virus Infections
=> Calici Virus Infections :Clinical Aspects
=> Adenoviruses, Astroviruses, And “Candidate” Viruses

Diseases Arthropod Borne and Other Zoonotic Viruses


=> Arthropod-Borne and Other Zoonotic Viruses
=> Arbo Virus Disease
=> Arbovirus Disease: Specific Arboviruses
=> Arbo Virus Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Arenaviruses
=> Filoviruses: Marburg and Ebola Viruses
=> Hantaviruses
=> Vesicular Stomatitis Virus

Diseases Rabies


=> Rabies
=> Rabies : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Retroviruses Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome


=> Retroviruses - Virology
=> Retroviral Genes
=> Transformation by Retroviruses
=> Roles of HIV-1 Regulatory and Accessory Proteins
=> Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS )
=> Epidemiology - Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS )
=> Pathogenesis - Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS )
=> Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) :Clinical Aspects
=> Manifestations - Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
=> Diagnosis - Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
=> Treatment and Prevention - Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

Diseases Papovaviruses


=> Papillomaviruses - Virology
=> Papilloma Virus Disease
=> Papilloma Virus :Clinical Aspects
=> Polyomaviruses - Virology
=> Polyoma Virus Disease
=> Polyoma Viruses : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Persistent Viral Infections of the Central Nervous System


=> Diseases Associated With Conventional Agents

Diseases Papovaviruses


=> Human Diseases Caused By Unconventional Viral Agents: Subacute Spongiform Encephalopathies

Diseases Characteristics of Fungi


=> General Nature of Fungi
=> Fungal Morphology and Growth

Diseases Pathogenesis Immunity and Chemotherapy of Fungal Infections


=> General Aspects of Fungal Disease
=> Antifungal Chemotherapy
=> Antifungal Antimicrobics that Affect Membrane Sterols
=> Antifungals that Affect Nucleic Acid Synthesis
=> Antifungals that Affect Cell Wall Synthesis
=> Resistance to Antifungal Agents

Diseases Dermatophytes Sporothrix and Other Superficial and Subcutaneous Fungi


=> Dermatophytes - Mycology
=> Dermatophyte Disease
=> Dermatophytoses : Clinical Aspects
=> Other Superficial Mycoses
=> Subcutaneous Fungi
=> Sporothrix schenckii
=> Sporotrichosis
=> Sporotrichosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Chromoblastomycosis
=> Mycetoma

Diseases Candida Aspergillus and Other Opportunistic Fungi


=> Candida: General Characteristics
=> Candida albicans - Mycology
=> Candidiasis
=> Candidiasis : Clinical Aspects
=> Aspergillus - Mycology
=> Aspergillosis
=> Aspergillosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Zygomycetes and Zygomycosis

Diseases Cryptococcus Histoplasma Coccidioides and Other Systemic Fungal Pathogens


=> Cryptococcus neoformans
=> Cryptococcosis
=> Cryptococcosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Histoplasma capsulatum
=> Histoplasmosis
=> Histoplasmosis: Clinical Aspects
=> Blastomyces dermatitidis
=> Blastomycosis
=> Blastomycosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Coccidioides immitis
=> Cocci Dioidomycosis
=> Cocci Dioido Mycosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Paracoccidioides Brasiliensis

Diseases Pneumocystis carinii


=> Pneumocystis carinii
=> Pneumocystosis
=> Pneumocystosis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Introduction to Pathogenic Parasites Pathogenesis and Chemotherapy of Parasitic Diseases


=> Parasitic Diseases: Definition
=> Significance of Human Parasitic Infections
=> Biology, Morphology, and Classification
=> Parasites: Life Cycles, Transmission, and Distribution
=> Parasites: Immunity
=> Parasites: Pathogenesis
=> Parasites: Diagnosis
=> Parasites: Chemotherapy
=> Drugs - Parasites Chemotherapy
=> Heavy Metals - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
=> Antimalarial Quinolines - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
=> Quinones - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
=> Folate Antagonists - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
=> Qinghaosu (Artemisinin)
=> Nitroimidazoles - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
=> Benzimidazoles - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
=> Avermectins - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
=> Praziquantel - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
=> Eflornithine (Difluoromethylornithine) - Parasites Chemotherapy Drugs
=> Control of diseases spread - Parasites

Diseases Sporozoa


=> Plasmodia - Parasitology
=> Malaria
=> Epidemiology - Malaria
=> Pathogenesis - Malaria
=> Immunity - Malaria
=> Malaria : Clinical Aspects
=> Manifestations - Malaria
=> Diagnosis - Malaria
=> Treatment - Malaria
=> Prevention - Malaria
=> Toxoplasma Gondii - Parasitology
=> Toxoplasmosis
=> Toxoplasmosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Cryptosporidia - Parasitology
=> Cryptosporidiosis
=> Cryptosporidiosis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Rhizopods


=> Rhizopods or Amebas
=> Entamoeba Histolytica - Parasitology
=> Amebiasis
=> Amebiasis : Clinical Aspects
=> Amebic Meningoencephalitis

Diseases Flagellates


=> Noninvasive Luminal Flagellates
=> Trichomonas vaginalis - Parasitology
=> Trichomoniasis
=> Trichomoniasis : Clinical Aspects
=> Giardia lamblia - Parasitology
=> Giardiasis
=> Giardiasis : Clinical Aspects
=> Blood and Tissue Flagellates
=> Leishmania - Parasitology
=> Localized Cutaneous Leish Maniasis
=> Localized Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
=> Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis
=> Disseminated Visceral Leishmaniasis ( Kala Azar )
=> African Trypanosoma - Parasitology
=> African Trypan Osomiasis ( Sleeping Sickness )
=> African Trypanosomiasis ( Sleeping Sickness ) : Clinical Aspects
=> American Trypanosoma - Parasitology
=> American Trypanosomiasis(Chagas’ Disease )
=> American Trypanosomiasis ( Chagas’ Disease) :Clinical Aspects

Diseases Intestinal Nematodes


=> Intestinal Nematodes
=> Life Cycles - Intestinal Nematodes
=> Enterobius vermicularis ( Pinworm ) : Parasitology
=> Enterobiasis
=> Enterobiasis : Clinical Aspects
=> Trichuris trichiura ( Whipworm ) : Parasitology
=> Trichuriasis
=> Trichuriasis : Clinical Aspects
=> Ascaris lumbricoides : Parasitology
=> Ascariasis
=> Ascariasis : Clinical Aspects
=> Ancylostoma and Necator :Parasitology - Hookworms
=> HookWorm Disease
=> Hookworm Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Strongyloides stercoralis : Parasitology
=> Strongyloidiasis
=> Strongyloidiasis : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Tissue Nematodes


=> Toxocara canis : Parasitology
=> Toxocariasis
=> Toxocariasis : Clinical Aspects
=> Trichinella spiralis : Parasitology
=> Trichinosis
=> Trichinosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Cutaneous Larva Migrans
=> Lymphatic Filaria
=> Wuchereria and Brugia : Parasitology
=> Lymphatic Filariasis
=> Lymphatic Filariasis : Clinical Aspects
=> Onchocerca volvulus : Parasitology
=> Onchocerciasis
=> Onchocerciasis : Clinical Aspects
=> Loa Loa

Diseases Cestodes


=> Cestodes - Parasitology
=> Cestodes Clinical Disease
=> Taenia saginata Beef Tapeworm : Parasitology
=> Beef Tapeworm Disease
=> Beef Tape Worm Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Taenia solium : Parasitology
=> Pork Tape Worm Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Fish Tapeworm: Diphyllobothrium latum : Parasitology
=> Fish Tape Worm Disease
=> Fish Tape Worm Disease : Clinical Aspects
=> Echinococcus granulosus - Parasitology
=> Echino Coccosis
=> Echino Coccosis : Clinical Aspects
=> Echinococcus multilocularis

Diseases Trematodes


=> Trematodes
=> Paragonimus Species : Parasitology
=> Paragonimiasis ( Lung Fluke Infection ) : Clinical Aspects
=> Clonorchis sinensis : Parasitology
=> Clonorchiasis ( Liver Fluke Infection )
=> Schistosoma Species : Parasitology
=> Schistosomiasis( Blood Fluke Infection )
=> Schistosomiasis ( Blood Fluke Infection ) : Clinical Aspects

Diseases Skin and Wound Infections


=> Skin Infections
=> Wound Infections
=> Etiologic Agents

Diseases Bone and Joint Infections


=> Osteomyelitis
=> Septic Arthritis

Diseases Eye Ear and Sinus Infections


=> Eye Infections
=> Ear Infections
=> Sinus Infections

Diseases Dental and Periodontal Infections


=> Dental and Periodontal Infections
=> Dental Plaque
=> Dental Caries
=> Chronic Periodontitis
=> Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases
=> Dental Plaque and Oral Flora in the Compromised Patient

Diseases Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Stomatitis


=> Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Stomatitis
=> Clinical Features - Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Stomatitis
=> Common Etiologic Agents - Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Stomatitis
=> General Diagnostic Approaches
=> General Principles of Management - Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Stomatitis

Diseases Middle and Lower Respiratory Tract Infections


=> Middle Respiratory Tract Infection
=> Lower Respiratory Tract Infection

Diseases Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning


=> Clinical Features - Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning
=> Common Etiologic Agents - Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning
=> Epidemiologic Setting - Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning
=> General Diagnostic Approaches - Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning
=> General Principles of Management - Enteric Infections and Food Poisoning

Diseases Urinary Tract Infections


=> Epidemiology, Pathogenesis - Urinary Tract Infections
=> Etiologic Agents - Urinary Tract Infections
=> Manifestations - Urinary Tract Infections
=> Diagnosis - Urinary Tract Infections
=> Treatment and Prevention - Urinary Tract Infections

Diseases Central Nervous System Infections


=> Central Nervous System Infections
=> Routes of Infection - Central Nervous System Infections
=> Clinical Features - Central Nervous System Infections
=> Common Etiologic Agents - Central Nervous System Infections
=> General Diagnostic Approaches - Central Nervous System Infections
=> General Principles of Management - Central Nervous System Infections

Diseases Intravascular Infections Bacteremia and Endotoxemia


=> Intravascular Infection
=> Bacteremia From Extravascular Infection
=> Sepsis and Septic Shock
=> Blood Culture

Diseases Infections of the Fetus and Newborn


=> Infections of the Fetus and Newborn
=> Common Etiologic Agents - Infections of the Fetus and Newborn
=> Effect of Prenatal Infection on Pregnancy and Intrauterine Development
=> Clinical Features, Diagnosis, And Management - Infections of the Fetus and Newborn
=> Torch Complex - Infections of the Fetus and Newborn

Diseases Sexually Transmitted Diseases


=> Sexually Transmitted Diseases
=> Genital Ulcers - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
=> Genital Warts - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
=> Urethritis - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
=> Epididymitis - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
=> Cervicitis - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
=> Vaginitis and Vaginal Discharge
=> Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
=> Lymphadenitis - Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Diseases Infections in the Immunocompromised Patient


=> Infections in the Immunocompromised Patient
=> Immune Deficits Associated With Infection
=> Clinical Situations Associated With Infection
=> Diagnosis and Treatment - Infections in the Immunocompromised Patient

Diseases Nosocomial Infections and Infection Control


=> History: Semmelweis and Childbed Fever
=> Nosocomial Infections and Their Sources
=> Nosocomial Infection Control and Prevention



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