Medicine Study Notes

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Medicine Study Notes

Patient Management


=> Frameworks for consultation - History Taking
=> History Taking
=> History Outline
=> Examination - Patient Management
=> Fever Examination - Patient Management
=> Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient Management
=> Tiredness Examination - Patient Management
=> Oedema Examination - Patient Management
=> Hands Examination - Patient Management
=> Head Examination - Patient Management
=> CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations
=> Blood Tests - Patient Investigations
=> Treatment - Patient Management

Cardiovascular


=> Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular
=> History - Cardiovascular
=> Differentiating Chest Symptoms
=> Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam
=> Praecordium - Physical Exam
=> Heart sounds - Physical Exam
=> Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam
=> Lungs, Abdomen and Legs
=> ECG Interpretation
=> Chest X-ray
=> Cardiovascular Risk factors
=> Vessel Pathology
=> Ischaemic Heart Disease
=> Hypertension
=> Angina Pectoris
=> Myocardial Infarction (MI)
=> Arrhythmias
=> Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias
=> Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias
=> Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias
=> Heart Block - Arrhythmias
=> Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias
=> Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias
=> Valvular Heart Disease
=> Aortic Stenosis
=> Aortic Regurgitation
=> Mitral Stenosis
=> Mitral Regurgitation (MR)
=> Tricuspid Regurgitation
=> Infective Endocarditis
=> Heart Failure
=> Myocarditis
=> Cardiovascular Pharmacology
=> Cardiomyopathy
=> Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels

Respiratory


=> Blood Gases - Physiology
=> Lung Function Tests - Physiology
=> Respiratory Failure - Physiology
=> Oxygen Therapy
=> Respiratory Exam
=> Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract
=> Acute Pharyngitis
=> Antibiotic Treatment of URTI
=> Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract
=> Adult Pneumonia
=> Pleural Disease
=> Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism
=> Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism
=> Asthma
=> Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
=> Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease
=> Acute Interstitial Lung Disease
=> Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease
=> Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract
=> Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses
=> Tumours of the Larynx
=> Lung Cancer
=> Sleep Apnoea
=> Miscellaneous Lung Diseases

Endocrine and Electrolytes


=> History - Endocrine and Electrolytes
=> Diabetes Mellitus
=> Thyroid
=> Hyperthyroidism
=> Hypothyroidism
=> Thyroid Nodules
=> Parathyroid
=> Adrenal Cortex
=> Cushing’s Syndrome
=> Hypoadrenalism
=> Hyperaldosteronism
=> Phaeochromocytoma
=> Pituitary Gland
=> Hypopituitarism
=> Pituitary Tumours
=> Prolactinaemia
=> Acromegaly
=> Other Endocrine Problems
=> Sodium Summary - Electrolytes
=> Hyponatraemia
=> Hypernatraemia
=> Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes
=> Potassium - Electrolytes
=> Calcium - Electrolytes
=> Magnesium - Electrolytes
=> Chloride - Electrolytes
=> Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes

Neuro sensory


=> History - Neurology
=> Physical Exam - Neurology
=> Cognitive Functions
=> Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology
=> Brain Anatomy - Neurology
=> Intracranial Haemorrhage
=> Stroke
=> Head Trauma
=> Coma and Stupor
=> Syncope (Fainting)
=> Abnormal Speech
=> Parkinson’s Disease
=> Dystonias
=> Demyelinating Disease
=> Other CNS Degenerative Diseases
=> Epilepsy
=> Brain Tumours
=> Spinal Chord Syndromes
=> Headaches
=> Myasthenia Gravis
=> Other neurological emergencies
=> History - Eyes
=> Physical Examination - Eyes
=> Anatomy - Eyes
=> Loss of Vision
=> The Red Eye
=> Glaucoma
=> Eye Infections
=> Optic Nerve Lesions
=> Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement
=> Retinal Vascular Disease
=> Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease
=> Tumours
=> Paediatric Ophthalmology
=> Vestibular
=> External Ear
=> Middle Ear
=> Ear Testing
=> Hearing Loss

Gastro Intestinal


=> Abdominal Physiology
=> Abdominal History
=> Abdominal Exam
=> Abdominal Tests
=> Oral Pathology
=> Dysphagia
=> Oesophageal Tumours
=> Achalasia
=> Dyspepsia
=> Oesophagitis
=> Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD)
=> Hiatus Hernia
=> Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum
=> Acute Ulcers
=> Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer
=> Pernicious Anaemia
=> Gastric Neoplasia
=> Ceoliac Disease
=> Other Malabsorption Syndromes
=> Pathology - Small & Large Bowel
=> Ischaemic Bowel Disease
=> Bowel Obstruction
=> Appendicitis
=> Ulcerative Colitis (UC)
=> Crohn’s Disease
=> Small Bowel Tumours
=> Colorectal Cancer
=> Diverticular disease of the colon
=> Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
=> Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine
=> Pseudomembranous Colitis
=> Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents
=> Constipation
=> Anorectal problems
=> GI Bleeding
=> Assessment - Liver Disease
=> Alcoholic Liver Disease
=> Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease
=> Hepatitis A - Liver Disease
=> Hepatitis B - Liver Disease
=> Hepatitis C
=> Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease
=> Tumours of the Liver
=> Other Liver Diseases
=> End Stage Liver Disease
=> Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts
=> Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts
=> Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts
=> Acute Pancreatitis
=> Chronic Pancreatitis
=> Pancreatic Tumours

Renal and Genitourinary


=> History - Renal and Genitourinary
=> Renal Physiology
=> Assessment of Renal Function
=> Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease
=> Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease
=> Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease
=> Chronic Renal Failure
=> Complications of Chronic Renal Failure
=> Specific Nephrotoxins
=> Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis)
=> Tubulointerstitial Diseases
=> Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease
=> Hypertension - Kidney Disease
=> Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease
=> Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease
=> Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease
=> Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease
=> Renal Replacement Therapy
=> Ureter
=> Urinary Tract Infections
=> Bladder
=> Male Genitourinary

Musculo Skeletal


=> History - Musculo Skeletal
=> Exam - Musculo Skeletal
=> Radiology
=> Fractures
=> Soft Tissue Injury
=> Nerve Injury
=> History - Back and Neck
=> Exam - Back and Neck
=> Neck and Radiating Arm Pain
=> Back Pain
=> Pelvic Injury
=> Upper Limb
=> Upper Arm and Elbow
=> Fore arm and Hand
=> Gait
=> Hip and Femur
=> Knee
=> Lower Leg and Foot
=> Facial Fractures
=> Joint and Bone Infections
=> Metabolic Bone Disease
=> Orthopaedic Tumours
=> Arthritis Overview
=> Osteoarthritis
=> Management of Inflammatory Arthritis
=> Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis
=> Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis
=> Rheumatoid Arthritis
=> Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
=> Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis)
=> Crystal Arthropathy
=> Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases
=> Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases
=> Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases
=> Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases
=> Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases
=> Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases
=> Pain Syndromes
=> Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
=> Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC)

Haematology and Immunology


=> Microscopy of Abnormal Cells
=> Anaemias
=> Microcytic Anaemia
=> Macrocytic Anaemia
=> Pancytopenia - Anaemias
=> Hereditary Spherocytosis
=> Data Interpretation - Anaemias
=> Porphyria - Anaemias
=> Haematology of Systemic Disease
=> Anaemia of Chronic Disease
=> Haemostasis
=> Platelets and Platelet disorders
=> Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
=> Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
=> Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
=> Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
=> Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
=> Myelodysplastic syndromes
=> Leukaemia
=> Acute Leukaemia
=> Fever in a Neutropenic Patient
=> Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
=> Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
=> Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
=> Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders
=> Immunology - Immunodeficiency
=> Primary Immunodeficiency
=> Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired)
=> Hypersensitivity Disorders
=> Allergy
=> Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
=> Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders

Skin


=> Dermatology Glossary - Skin
=> Diagnosis - Skin
=> Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue
=> Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis
=> Viral Skin Infections
=> Other Skin Infections
=> Eczema
=> Atopic Eczema
=> Seborrhoeic Dermatitis
=> Contact Dermatitis - Eczema
=> Eczema Related Conditions
=> Nappy Rash
=> Sun Damaged Skin
=> Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia
=> Tumours - Skin Neoplasia
=> Ulcers
=> Inflammatory skin lesions
=> Acne
=> Other Skin Lesions
=> Skin Pharmacology

Reproductive and Obstetrics


=> Physiology - Gynaecology
=> History - Gynaecology
=> Exam - Gynaecology
=> Contraception - Gynaecology
=> Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology
=> Infertility - Gynaecology
=> Dyspareunia
=> Menstrual Disorders
=> Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
=> Menopause - Gynaecology
=> Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP)
=> Pelvic Mass
=> Vulval Lesions
=> Cervical Cancer
=> Other Cancers - Gynaecology
=> History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics
=> Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics
=> Minor symptoms of Pregnancy
=> 'At Risk' Pregnancies
=> Multiple Pregnancy
=> Fetal Welfare
=> Termination of Pregnancy (TOP)
=> Complications of Early Pregnancy
=> Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
=> Hypertension in Pregnancy
=> Other Complications of Later Pregnancy
=> Labour
=> Abnormal Labour
=> Postpartum Complications
=> Six Week Check - Obstetrics
=> Breast - Physiology & Anatomy
=> Breast History
=> Breast Exam
=> Breast Investigations
=> Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
=> Breast discharge
=> Developmental Problems - Breast
=> Inflammatory Breast Disease
=> Fibrocystic Disease
=> Generally Benign Breast Tumours
=> Breast Cancer
=> Sexual History Taking
=> Exam - Sexual Health
=> Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Psychological Medicine


=> Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders
=> Summary - Psychiatric History
=> Psychiatric History
=> Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History
=> Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History
=> Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History
=> DSM IV Classification
=> Anxiety Disorders
=> History Taking in Anxiety Disorders
=> Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia)
=> Specific Phobia and Social Phobia
=> Generalised Anxiety Disorder
=> Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
=> Treatment of Anxiety Disorders
=> Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms
=> Depressive Mood Disorders
=> Postpartum Mood Disorders
=> Dysthymic Disorder
=> Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression)
=> Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication
=> Psychotic Disorders
=> Types of Psychotic Disorder
=> Schizophrenia
=> Treatment of Psychosis
=> Dementia
=> Dementia Due to Head Trauma
=> Delirium
=> Somatoform Disorders
=> Disorders due to a General Medical Condition
=> Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders
=> Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders
=> Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders
=> History Taking - Substance Use Disorders
=> Investigations - Substance Use Disorders
=> Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders
=> Treatment of Substance Abuse
=> Alcohol Abuse
=> Eating Disorders
=> Impulse Control Disorders
=> Fictitious Disorder
=> Personality Disorders
=> Treatment of Mental Illness
=> Grief and Bereavement

Genetics and Cancer


=> Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer
=> Chromosome Disorders
=> Patterns of inheritance
=> Non-Mendelian Genetics
=> Genetic Testing
=> Genetic Counselling
=> Epidemiology - Cancer
=> Oncogenesis - Cancer
=> Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer
=> Staging of Cancer
=> Cancer Treatment
=> Symptom Management in Cancer
=> Cancer Emergencies
=> Palliative Care - Cancer

Emergency Management


=> Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency Management
=> Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management
=> Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management
=> Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management
=> Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management
=> Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management
=> Shock - Emergency Management
=> Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management
=> Asthma - Emergency Management
=> Burns - Emergency Management
=> Coma - Emergency Management
=> Electrocution - Emergency Management
=> Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management
=> Near Drowning - Emergency Management
=> Hypothermia - Emergency Management
=> Hyperthermia - Emergency Management
=> Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management
=> Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management
=> Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management
=> Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management
=> Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management

Infectious Diseases


=> Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases
=> Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS
=> Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS
=> Viral CNS Infections
=> Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease
=> Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease
=> Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease
=> Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease
=> Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease
=> Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses
=> Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses
=> Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses
=> Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses
=> Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses
=> Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology
=> Malaria - Parasitology
=> Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica)
=> Giardiasis
=> Filariasis
=> Intestinal Worms
=> Hydatid Disease
=> Cryptosporidium
=> Pneumocystis Carinii
=> Travel Medicine
=> Antibiotic Treatment
=> Vaccination

Pharmacology


=> Pharmacokinetics
=> Variability of Drug Response - Pharmacokinetics
=> Volume of Distribution (Vd) - Pharmacokinetics
=> Clearance (Cl) - Pharmacokinetics
=> Half Life (T½)
=> Steady State Concentration
=> Bioavailability (F) - Pharmacokinetics
=> Absorption - Pharmacokinetics
=> Distribution - Pharmacokinetics
=> Metabolism - Pharmacokinetics
=> Excretion of Drugs - Pharmacokinetics
=> Inter-individual Differences - Pharmacokinetics
=> Controlled Release Formulations - Pharmacokinetics
=> Pharmacodynamics
=> Pharmacology of Pregnancy and Breast Feeding
=> Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
=> Drug Allergy - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
=> Drug Interactions - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
=> Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
=> Drug withdrawal syndromes - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
=> Sleep
=> Treatment of Insomnia
=> Compliance Issues - Pharmacology
=> Prescribing
=> Regulation of Medicines and Drugs

Anaesthetics


=> General Anaesthesia
=> Anaesthetic Agents
=> Pain Management - Anaesthetics
=> Local Anaesthesia
=> Local Anaesthetic Agents
=> Obstetric Anaesthesia
=> Preoperative Assessment

Surgical and Fluid Management


=> Normal Values - Surgical and Fluid Management
=> Replacement fluids
=> Blood Products
=> IV Cannulation
=> Nutrition in Surgical Patients
=> Post-Operative Care
=> Post-Operative Complications

Paediatrics


=> Epidemiology - Paediatrics
=> Health Systems - Paediatrics
=> International Agreements
=> Difference Between Adult and Child History Taking
=> History Outline - Paediatrics
=> Examination - Paediatrics
=> When is a child really sick?
=> Talking with Children - Paediatrics
=> Parent and Adolescent Education
=> Families - Paediatrics
=> Preparing a child for surgery
=> The Dying Child
=> Autopsy of a Child
=> Behavioural Issues - Paediatrics
=> Child Development
=> Causes of Developmental Delay
=> Effect of Chronic Disease on Development - Paediatrics
=> Learning Disability - Paediatrics
=> Child Development Team - Paediatrics
=> Growth - Paediatrics
=> Examination of the Newborn
=> Outcome after Preterm Birth
=> Neonatal and Infant Anticipatory Guidance (Parent Education)
=> Breast-feeding
=> Failure to Thrive (FTT)
=> The Crying Baby - Paediatrics
=> Sleep Management - Paediatrics
=> Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
=> Neonatal Acute Airway Problems - Paediatrics
=> Hypoglycaemia of the New Born
=> Jaundice
=> Other Neonatal problems - Paediatrics
=> The Blue Baby - Heart Disease in Children
=> Congenital Heart Disease in Children
=> Complications of Congenital Heart Disease in Children
=> Rheumatic Fever in Children
=> Symptoms - Respiratory Illness in Children
=> Chest Radiology - Respiratory Illness in Children
=> Respiratory Tract Infections in Children
=> Asthma in Young Children
=> Differential of Wheezing in a Child
=> Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
=> Fever in Children
=> Potentially Serious Infections - Paediatrics
=> Common Paediatric Viruses
=> Orbital and Pre-Orbital Cellulitis - Paediatrics
=> Congenital Abnormalities - Paediatric Orthopaedics
=> Bone and Joint Injury and Infection - Paediatric Orthopaedics
=> Neurological Exam in Children - Paediatric Neurology
=> Head Size - Paediatric Neurology
=> Headaches - Paediatric Neurology
=> Seizures - Paediatric Neurology
=> Tics - Paediatric Neurology
=> Cerebral Palsy - Paediatric Neurology
=> Muscular Dystrophy - Paediatric Neurology
=> Neural Tube Defects - Paediatric Neurology
=> Eye disorders in Children - Paediatric Neurology
=> Proteinuria - Renal Disease in Children
=> Haematuria - Renal Disease in Children
=> Acute Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children
=> Chronic Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children
=> Urinary Incontinence - Paediatrics
=> Testes - Paediatrics
=> Acute Scrotum - Paediatrics
=> Penis - Paediatrics
=> Ambiguous Genitalia - Paediatrics
=> Abdominal Radiology - Paediatrics
=> Congenital abnormalities - Paediatrics
=> Acquired Causes of Obstruction - Paediatrics
=> GI Bleeding - Paediatrics
=> Hernias - Paediatrics
=> Common Childhood Presenting Chronic Symptoms - Paediatrics
=> Gastroenteritis - Paediatrics
=> Nutritional Deficiencies in Childhood
=> Food Allergy - Paediatrics
=> Cervical Lumps - Paediatrics
=> Childhood Cancer
=> Assessing Fluid State - Paediatrics Emergency Management
=> Paediatric Coma - Paediatrics Emergency Management
=> Paediatric Trauma - Emergency Management
=> Paediatric Anaesthetics - Emergency Management
=> Child Abuse
=> Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Paediatrics
=> Anxiety Disorders
=> Depression - Paediatrics
=> Youth Suicide
=> Other Mental Health Issues
=> Adolescent Health
=> Adolescent Development - Adolescent Health
=> Talking with Adolescents - Adolescent Health
=> HEADSS Risk Assessment - Adolescent Health
=> Puberty - Adolescent Health
=> Chronic illness and disability in Adolescents

Health Care of the Elderly


=> History - Health Care of the Elderly
=> Ageing - Health Care of the Elderly
=> Age Related Problems
=> Services for the Elderly

Public Health


=> Public Health
=> Health Care Delivery
=> Measures of Health Status
=> Biostatistics
=> Epidemiology - Public Health
=> Communicable Disease Control
=> Classification - Environmental Health
=> Inter-relationship of Host and Environment
=> Consequences of Global Environmental Changes
=> Screening
=> Health Promotion
=> Social Inequalities in Health
=> Health Economics

Evidence Based Medicine


=> Evidence Based Medicine
=> Risks and Odds - Evidence Based Medicine
=> Evaluation of History Taking and Clinical Examination
=> Evaluation of Diagnostic Tests
=> Evaluation of Therapy
=> Evaluation of Prognosis

Professional Development


=> Professional Development
=> Working in Teams - Professional Development
=> Physical Hazards of Medicine
=> Medical Crises
=> The Doctor's Health
=> Code of Health and Disability Services Consumer's Rights
=> Medical Error and Misadventure
=> Medical Council
=> Certification of Death
=> Coroner

Ethics


=> Ethical Principles
=> Morality and Standpoints - Medical Ethics
=> Two Classes of Moral Theory - Medical Ethics
=> Confidentiality - Medical Ethics
=> Consent - Medical Ethics
=> Refusal of Treatment
=> End of life issues - Medical Ethics
=> Ethical Issues in Dealing with Impaired or Incompetent Colleagues
=> Professional Ethics - Medical Ethics
=> Tissue Donation - Medical Ethics
=> Assisted Human Reproduction - Medical Ethics
=> Innovative Treatment - Medical Ethics
=> Research Ethics - Medical Ethics



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