Medicine Study Notes

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Medicine Study Notes

Medicine Study Notes

Patient Management

Frameworks for consultation - History Taking
History Taking
History Outline
Examination - Patient Management
Fever Examination - Patient Management
Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient Management
Tiredness Examination - Patient Management
Oedema Examination - Patient Management
Hands Examination - Patient Management
Head Examination - Patient Management
CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations
Blood Tests - Patient Investigations
Treatment - Patient Management


Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular
History - Cardiovascular
Differentiating Chest Symptoms
Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam
Praecordium - Physical Exam
Heart sounds - Physical Exam
Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam
Lungs, Abdomen and Legs
ECG Interpretation
Chest X-ray
Cardiovascular Risk factors
Vessel Pathology
Ischaemic Heart Disease
Angina Pectoris
Myocardial Infarction (MI)
Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias
Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias
Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias
Heart Block - Arrhythmias
Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias
Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias
Valvular Heart Disease
Aortic Stenosis
Aortic Regurgitation
Mitral Stenosis
Mitral Regurgitation (MR)
Tricuspid Regurgitation
Infective Endocarditis
Heart Failure
Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels


Blood Gases - Physiology
Lung Function Tests - Physiology
Respiratory Failure - Physiology
Oxygen Therapy
Respiratory Exam
Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract
Acute Pharyngitis
Antibiotic Treatment of URTI
Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract
Adult Pneumonia
Pleural Disease
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism
Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease
Acute Interstitial Lung Disease
Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease
Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract
Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses
Tumours of the Larynx
Lung Cancer
Sleep Apnoea
Miscellaneous Lung Diseases

Endocrine and Electrolytes

History - Endocrine and Electrolytes
Diabetes Mellitus
Thyroid Nodules
Adrenal Cortex
Cushing’s Syndrome
Pituitary Gland
Pituitary Tumours
Other Endocrine Problems
Sodium Summary - Electrolytes
Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes
Potassium - Electrolytes
Calcium - Electrolytes
Magnesium - Electrolytes
Chloride - Electrolytes
Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes

Neuro sensory

History - Neurology
Physical Exam - Neurology
Cognitive Functions
Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology
Brain Anatomy - Neurology
Intracranial Haemorrhage
Head Trauma
Coma and Stupor
Syncope (Fainting)
Abnormal Speech
Parkinson’s Disease
Demyelinating Disease
Other CNS Degenerative Diseases
Brain Tumours
Spinal Chord Syndromes
Myasthenia Gravis
Other neurological emergencies
History - Eyes
Physical Examination - Eyes
Anatomy - Eyes
Loss of Vision
The Red Eye
Eye Infections
Optic Nerve Lesions
Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement
Retinal Vascular Disease
Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease
Paediatric Ophthalmology
External Ear
Middle Ear
Ear Testing
Hearing Loss

Gastro Intestinal

Abdominal Physiology
Abdominal History
Abdominal Exam
Abdominal Tests
Oral Pathology
Oesophageal Tumours
Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD)
Hiatus Hernia
Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum
Acute Ulcers
Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer
Pernicious Anaemia
Gastric Neoplasia
Ceoliac Disease
Other Malabsorption Syndromes
Pathology - Small & Large Bowel
Ischaemic Bowel Disease
Bowel Obstruction
Ulcerative Colitis (UC)
Crohn’s Disease
Small Bowel Tumours
Colorectal Cancer
Diverticular disease of the colon
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine
Pseudomembranous Colitis
Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents
Anorectal problems
GI Bleeding
Assessment - Liver Disease
Alcoholic Liver Disease
Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease
Hepatitis A - Liver Disease
Hepatitis B - Liver Disease
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease
Tumours of the Liver
Other Liver Diseases
End Stage Liver Disease
Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts
Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts
Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts
Acute Pancreatitis
Chronic Pancreatitis
Pancreatic Tumours

Renal and Genitourinary

History - Renal and Genitourinary
Renal Physiology
Assessment of Renal Function
Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease
Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease
Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease
Chronic Renal Failure
Complications of Chronic Renal Failure
Specific Nephrotoxins
Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis)
Tubulointerstitial Diseases
Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease
Hypertension - Kidney Disease
Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease
Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease
Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease
Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease
Renal Replacement Therapy
Urinary Tract Infections
Male Genitourinary

Musculo Skeletal

History - Musculo Skeletal
Exam - Musculo Skeletal
Soft Tissue Injury
Nerve Injury
History - Back and Neck
Exam - Back and Neck
Neck and Radiating Arm Pain
Back Pain
Pelvic Injury
Upper Limb
Upper Arm and Elbow
Fore arm and Hand
Hip and Femur
Lower Leg and Foot
Facial Fractures
Joint and Bone Infections
Metabolic Bone Disease
Orthopaedic Tumours
Arthritis Overview
Management of Inflammatory Arthritis
Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis
Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis)
Crystal Arthropathy
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases
Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases
Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases
Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases
Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases
Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases
Pain Syndromes
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC)

Haematology and Immunology

Microscopy of Abnormal Cells
Microcytic Anaemia
Macrocytic Anaemia
Pancytopenia - Anaemias
Hereditary Spherocytosis
Data Interpretation - Anaemias
Porphyria - Anaemias
Haematology of Systemic Disease
Anaemia of Chronic Disease
Platelets and Platelet disorders
Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
Myelodysplastic syndromes
Acute Leukaemia
Fever in a Neutropenic Patient
Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders
Immunology - Immunodeficiency
Primary Immunodeficiency
Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired)
Hypersensitivity Disorders
Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders


Dermatology Glossary - Skin
Diagnosis - Skin
Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue
Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis
Viral Skin Infections
Other Skin Infections
Atopic Eczema
Seborrhoeic Dermatitis
Contact Dermatitis - Eczema
Eczema Related Conditions
Nappy Rash
Sun Damaged Skin
Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia
Tumours - Skin Neoplasia
Inflammatory skin lesions
Other Skin Lesions
Skin Pharmacology

Reproductive and Obstetrics

Physiology - Gynaecology
History - Gynaecology
Exam - Gynaecology
Contraception - Gynaecology
Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology
Infertility - Gynaecology
Menstrual Disorders
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Menopause - Gynaecology
Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP)
Pelvic Mass
Vulval Lesions
Cervical Cancer
Other Cancers - Gynaecology
History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics
Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics
Minor symptoms of Pregnancy
'At Risk' Pregnancies
Multiple Pregnancy
Fetal Welfare
Termination of Pregnancy (TOP)
Complications of Early Pregnancy
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
Hypertension in Pregnancy
Other Complications of Later Pregnancy
Abnormal Labour
Postpartum Complications
Six Week Check - Obstetrics
Breast - Physiology & Anatomy
Breast History
Breast Exam
Breast Investigations
Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
Breast discharge
Developmental Problems - Breast
Inflammatory Breast Disease
Fibrocystic Disease
Generally Benign Breast Tumours
Breast Cancer
Sexual History Taking
Exam - Sexual Health
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Psychological Medicine

Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders
Summary - Psychiatric History
Psychiatric History
Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History
Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History
Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History
DSM IV Classification
Anxiety Disorders
History Taking in Anxiety Disorders
Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia)
Specific Phobia and Social Phobia
Generalised Anxiety Disorder
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Treatment of Anxiety Disorders
Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms
Depressive Mood Disorders
Postpartum Mood Disorders
Dysthymic Disorder
Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression)
Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication
Psychotic Disorders
Types of Psychotic Disorder
Treatment of Psychosis
Dementia Due to Head Trauma
Somatoform Disorders
Disorders due to a General Medical Condition
Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders
Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders
Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders
History Taking - Substance Use Disorders
Investigations - Substance Use Disorders
Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders
Treatment of Substance Abuse
Alcohol Abuse
Eating Disorders
Impulse Control Disorders
Fictitious Disorder
Personality Disorders
Treatment of Mental Illness
Grief and Bereavement

Genetics and Cancer

Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer
Chromosome Disorders
Patterns of inheritance
Non-Mendelian Genetics
Genetic Testing
Genetic Counselling
Epidemiology - Cancer
Oncogenesis - Cancer
Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer
Staging of Cancer
Cancer Treatment
Symptom Management in Cancer
Cancer Emergencies
Palliative Care - Cancer

Emergency Management

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency Management
Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management
Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management
Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management
Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management
Shock - Emergency Management
Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management
Asthma - Emergency Management
Burns - Emergency Management
Coma - Emergency Management
Electrocution - Emergency Management
Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management
Near Drowning - Emergency Management
Hypothermia - Emergency Management
Hyperthermia - Emergency Management
Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management
Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management
Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management
Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management
Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management

Infectious Diseases

Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases
Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS
Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS
Viral CNS Infections
Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease
Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease
Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease
Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease
Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses
Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses
Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses
Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology
Malaria - Parasitology
Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica)
Intestinal Worms
Hydatid Disease
Pneumocystis Carinii
Travel Medicine
Antibiotic Treatment


Variability of Drug Response - Pharmacokinetics
Volume of Distribution (Vd) - Pharmacokinetics
Clearance (Cl) - Pharmacokinetics
Half Life (T½)
Steady State Concentration
Bioavailability (F) - Pharmacokinetics
Absorption - Pharmacokinetics
Distribution - Pharmacokinetics
Metabolism - Pharmacokinetics
Excretion of Drugs - Pharmacokinetics
Inter-individual Differences - Pharmacokinetics
Controlled Release Formulations - Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacology of Pregnancy and Breast Feeding
Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
Drug Allergy - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
Drug Interactions - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
Drug withdrawal syndromes - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
Treatment of Insomnia
Compliance Issues - Pharmacology
Regulation of Medicines and Drugs


General Anaesthesia
Anaesthetic Agents
Pain Management - Anaesthetics
Local Anaesthesia
Local Anaesthetic Agents
Obstetric Anaesthesia
Preoperative Assessment

Surgical and Fluid Management

Normal Values - Surgical and Fluid Management
Replacement fluids
Blood Products
IV Cannulation
Nutrition in Surgical Patients
Post-Operative Care
Post-Operative Complications


Epidemiology - Paediatrics
Health Systems - Paediatrics
International Agreements
Difference Between Adult and Child History Taking
History Outline - Paediatrics
Examination - Paediatrics
When is a child really sick?
Talking with Children - Paediatrics
Parent and Adolescent Education
Families - Paediatrics
Preparing a child for surgery
The Dying Child
Autopsy of a Child
Behavioural Issues - Paediatrics
Child Development
Causes of Developmental Delay
Effect of Chronic Disease on Development - Paediatrics
Learning Disability - Paediatrics
Child Development Team - Paediatrics
Growth - Paediatrics
Examination of the Newborn
Outcome after Preterm Birth
Neonatal and Infant Anticipatory Guidance (Parent Education)
Failure to Thrive (FTT)
The Crying Baby - Paediatrics
Sleep Management - Paediatrics
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
Neonatal Acute Airway Problems - Paediatrics
Hypoglycaemia of the New Born
Other Neonatal problems - Paediatrics
The Blue Baby - Heart Disease in Children
Congenital Heart Disease in Children
Complications of Congenital Heart Disease in Children
Rheumatic Fever in Children
Symptoms - Respiratory Illness in Children
Chest Radiology - Respiratory Illness in Children
Respiratory Tract Infections in Children
Asthma in Young Children
Differential of Wheezing in a Child
Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
Fever in Children
Potentially Serious Infections - Paediatrics
Common Paediatric Viruses
Orbital and Pre-Orbital Cellulitis - Paediatrics
Congenital Abnormalities - Paediatric Orthopaedics
Bone and Joint Injury and Infection - Paediatric Orthopaedics
Neurological Exam in Children - Paediatric Neurology
Head Size - Paediatric Neurology
Headaches - Paediatric Neurology
Seizures - Paediatric Neurology
Tics - Paediatric Neurology
Cerebral Palsy - Paediatric Neurology
Muscular Dystrophy - Paediatric Neurology
Neural Tube Defects - Paediatric Neurology
Eye disorders in Children - Paediatric Neurology
Proteinuria - Renal Disease in Children
Haematuria - Renal Disease in Children
Acute Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children
Chronic Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children
Urinary Incontinence - Paediatrics
Testes - Paediatrics
Acute Scrotum - Paediatrics
Penis - Paediatrics
Ambiguous Genitalia - Paediatrics
Abdominal Radiology - Paediatrics
Congenital abnormalities - Paediatrics
Acquired Causes of Obstruction - Paediatrics
GI Bleeding - Paediatrics
Hernias - Paediatrics
Common Childhood Presenting Chronic Symptoms - Paediatrics
Gastroenteritis - Paediatrics
Nutritional Deficiencies in Childhood
Food Allergy - Paediatrics
Cervical Lumps - Paediatrics
Childhood Cancer
Assessing Fluid State - Paediatrics Emergency Management
Paediatric Coma - Paediatrics Emergency Management
Paediatric Trauma - Emergency Management
Paediatric Anaesthetics - Emergency Management
Child Abuse
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Paediatrics
Anxiety Disorders
Depression - Paediatrics
Youth Suicide
Other Mental Health Issues
Adolescent Health
Adolescent Development - Adolescent Health
Talking with Adolescents - Adolescent Health
HEADSS Risk Assessment - Adolescent Health
Puberty - Adolescent Health
Chronic illness and disability in Adolescents

Health Care of the Elderly

History - Health Care of the Elderly
Ageing - Health Care of the Elderly
Age Related Problems
Services for the Elderly

Public Health

Public Health
Health Care Delivery
Measures of Health Status
Epidemiology - Public Health
Communicable Disease Control
Classification - Environmental Health
Inter-relationship of Host and Environment
Consequences of Global Environmental Changes
Health Promotion
Social Inequalities in Health
Health Economics

Evidence Based Medicine

Evidence Based Medicine
Risks and Odds - Evidence Based Medicine
Evaluation of History Taking and Clinical Examination
Evaluation of Diagnostic Tests
Evaluation of Therapy
Evaluation of Prognosis

Professional Development

Professional Development
Working in Teams - Professional Development
Physical Hazards of Medicine
Medical Crises
The Doctor's Health
Code of Health and Disability Services Consumer's Rights
Medical Error and Misadventure
Medical Council
Certification of Death


Ethical Principles
Morality and Standpoints - Medical Ethics
Two Classes of Moral Theory - Medical Ethics
Confidentiality - Medical Ethics
Consent - Medical Ethics
Refusal of Treatment
End of life issues - Medical Ethics
Ethical Issues in Dealing with Impaired or Incompetent Colleagues
Professional Ethics - Medical Ethics
Tissue Donation - Medical Ethics
Assisted Human Reproduction - Medical Ethics
Innovative Treatment - Medical Ethics
Research Ethics - Medical Ethics

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