Social Science 9th std

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Social Science 9th std

Term I

History

Chapter 1 : Evolution of Humans and Society Prehistoric Period


=> Evolution of Humans and Society - Prehistoric Period
=> Origin of the Earth and the Geological Ages
=> Human Enquiries into the Past and Origin of the World
=> Prehistory: From Australopithecus through Homo erectus to Homo sapiens
=> Prehistoric Tamilagam
=> Summary of Evolution of Humans and Society - Prehistoric Period

Chapter 2 : Ancient Civilisations


=> Ancient Civilisations
=> Early Societies and Early State Formation
=> Early Civilisations
=> Egyptian Civilisation
=> Mesopotamian Civilisations
=> The Chinese Civilisation
=> Indus Civilisation
=> Summary of Ancient Civilisations

Chapter 3 : Early Tamil Society and Culture


=> Early Tamil Society and Culture
=> Sources for the study of early Tamil society
=> The Sangam Age
=> Sangam Age Polity: Political Powers of Tamilagaram
=> Society in Sangam Age
=> Economy - Early Tamil Society and Culture
=> Emergence of towns and Ports - Early Tamil Society and Culture
=> Faith and Belief System - Early Tamil Society and Culture
=> Culture of Arts - Early Tamil Society and Culture
=> Summary of Early Tamil Society and Culture

Chapter 4 : Intellectual Awakening and Socio Political Changes


=> Intellectual Awakening and Socio-Political Changes
=> Religion in the Sixth Century BCE
=> Confucianism and Taoism
=> Zoroastrianism
=> Impact of Iron Technology in India
=> Religion: Post-Rig Vedic
=> Jainism and Buddhism
=> Other Heterodox Sect : Ajivika
=> Political Organisation: Pre-Mauryan
=> Rise of Kingdoms
=> North-West India and 4.10 Alexander
=> Mauryan Empire: State and Society
=> Summary of Intellectual Awakening and Socio-Political Changes

Geography

Chapter 1 : Lithosphere I Endogenetic Processes


=> Lithosphere – I Endogenetic Processes
=> Spheres of the Earth
=> Structure of the Earth
=> Rocks : Types and Cycle
=> Geomorphic Processes

Chapter 2 : Lithosphere II Exogenetic Processes


=> Lithosphere – II Exogenetic Processes
=> Weathering and Mass 1 Movement
=> Gradation

Chapter 3 : Atmosphere


=> Atmosphere
=> Composition of the Atmosphere
=> Structure of the Atmosphere
=> Elements of Weather and Climate
=> Temperature - Elements of Weather and Climate
=> Pressure - Elements of Weather and Climate
=> Winds - Elements of Weather and Climate
=> Clouds - Elements of Weather and Climate
=> Precipitation
=> Rainfall
=> Humidity

Civics

Chapter 1 : Forms of Government and Democracy


=> Forms of Government and Democracy
=> Forms of Government
=> What Is Democracy?

Chapter 2 : Election Political Parties and Pressure Groups


=> Election, Political Parties and Pressure Groups
=> Electoral System in India
=> Political Parties
=> Pressure Groups
=> Mobilisation and People’s Participation

Economics

Chapter 1 : Understanding Development Perspectives Measurement and Sustainability


=> Understanding Development: Perspectives, Measurement and Sustainability
=> Different Perspectives About Development
=> Indicators of Economic
=> Sustainability of Development
=> Policies for Sustainable Development
=> Environmental Policies in India

Chapter 2 : Employment in India and Tamil Nadu


=> Employment in India and Tamil Nadu
=> Employment Structure in India
=> Types of Employment: Organised and Unorganised Sectors
=> Employment Pattern

Term II

History

Unit 1 : The Classical World


=> The Classical World
=> Greece: The Hellenic World
=> Rome: The Hellenistic World
=> Empire Building in East
=> Rise of Christianity
=> Byzantium

Unit 2 : The Middle Ages


=> The Middle Ages
=> China: T’ang Dynasty (618–907 A.D. (C.E.))
=> Japan
=> Islam and the Rise of Islamic Empires
=> Ottoman Empire
=> Feudalism

Unit 3 : State and Society in Medieval India


=> State and Society in Medieval India
=> Political Changes (1000–1700)
=> Impact on Polity
=> Society (Caste, Religion)
=> Culture: Literature, Art and Architecture
=> Economy
=> Urbanization

Unit 4 : The Beginning of the Modern Age


=> The Beginning of the Modern Age
=> Causative Factors
=> Renaissance
=> Reformation
=> Counter Reformation
=> Geographical Discoveries
=> Impact of Geographical

Geography

Unit 1 : Hydrosphere


=> Hydrosphere
=> Relief Of The Ocean Floor
=> Ocean Temperature and Salinity
=> Movement of the Ocean Water
=> Marine Resources

Unit 2 : Biosphere


=> Biosphere
=> Ecosystem
=> Biodiversity
=> Terrestrial biomes
=> Aquatic Biomes
=> Conservation

Civics

Unit 1 : Human Rights


=> Human Rights
=> What are Human Rights?
=> Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
=> Fundamental Rights in India
=> Fundamental Duties and Responsibilities of Citizens
=> National Human Rights Commission
=> State Human Rights Commission(SHRC)

Economics

Unit 1 : Money and Credit


=> Money and Credit
=> Barter System
=> Coins
=> Paper Money
=> Electronic Transactions
=> Role of the Reserve Bank of India
=> Relationship between Money and Prices
=> Functions of Money
=> Credit

Term III

History

Unit 1 : The Age of Revolutions


=> American War of Independence
=> Colonies of European Powers
=> Plantations and the Slave Labour
=> Increasing incidence of Taxation
=> Reaction of the American Colonies
=> Townshend Acts
=> Boston Tea Party
=> American War of Independence
=> Declaration of Independence
=> War
=> Results
=> The French Revolution
=> Causes of the Outbreak
=> Course of the French Revolution
=> Impact of French Revolution
=> Summary

Unit 2 : Industrial Revolution


=> Industrial Revolution
=> Attributes of Industrial Revolution
=> Effects of Industrial Revolution in England
=> Spread of Industrial Revolution
=> Second Industrial Revolution in United States of America
=> Working Class Strikes
=> Important Inventions of the Industrial Revolution Era
=> Impact of Industrial Revolution in India

Unit 3 : Colonialism in Asia and Africa


=> Colonialism in Asia and Africa
=> Colonisation of Asia (South East Asia)
=> Colonisation of Africa
=> Colonisation of India
=> Industrial and Financial Capitalist Phase in Nineteenth Century
=> Economic Impact of British Rule
=> Summary

Geography

Unit 1 : Man and Environment


=> Man and environment
=> Population
=> Classification of Human settlements
=> Types of Economic Activities
=> Environmental Issues
=> Sustainable Development

Unit 2 : Mapping Skills


=> History of Mapping (Map as a Tool)
=> Maps and Cartography (Map as a Tool)
=> Components of a map
=> Classification/Types of Maps
=> Survey (Map as a Tool)
=> Remote Sensing as a Source of Map Data
=> Bhuvan

Unit 3 : Disaster Management Responding to Disasters


=> Disaster Management: Responding to Disasters
=> Disaster Response

Civics

Unit 1 : Forms of Government


=> Forms of Government
=> Types of Indian Constitution

Unit 2 : Local Self Government


=> Meaning of Local Self Government
=> Historical Background
=> Local Self Governments since Independence

Unit 3 : Road Safety


=> Road Safety

Economics

Unit 1 : Tamil Nadu Agriculture


=> Tamil Nadu Agriculture

Unit 2 : Migration


=> Migration

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