Employment Structure in India
The nature of employment in India is
multi-dimensional. Some get employment throughout the year; some others get
employed for only a few months in a year.
The economy is classified into three sectors:
primary or agriculture sector, secondary or industrial sector and tertiary or
The structure of employment denotes the number of
workers engaged in different sectors of the economy.
Though the occupational pattern varies from one country to another, one can find in developing countries like India that a large work
force will be engaged in primary sector, while a small proportion in secondary
and tertiary sectors. Whereas, in well-developed countries, the proportion of
workforce engaged in agriculture will be very small and a majority of labour
force will be in the industrial and tertiary sectors.
Employment has always featured as an important
element of development policy in India.
Employment growth has increased at an average rate
of 2% during the past four decades since 1972–73.