Social Science : Economics
EMPLOYMENT IN INDIA AND TAMILNADU
V. Answer in detail
1. Explain: (a) primary sector, (b) secondary sector; (c) tertiary sector.
a) Primary sector:
• Primary sector consists of agriculture, animal husbandry, poultry, fishing etc.
• In developing countries like India, large working force will be engaged in primary occupation. The primary sector is also known as agriculture sector.
b) Secondary sector:
• Secondary sector includes manufacturing, small and large scale industries and constructional activities.
• In developing countries like India a small proportion is engaged in secondary sector. The secondary sector is also known as industrial sector.
c) Tertiary sector:
• Tertiary sector includes transport, insurance, banking, trade, communication, and non-government services.
• In developing countries like India a small proportion is engaged in tertiary sector. Tertiary sector is also known as service sector.
2. Explain the employment structure of India.
• The nature of employment in India is multi-dimensional. Some get employment through out the year, some others get employment only a few months in a year.
• The economy is classified into three sectors. They are primary or agriculture sector, secondary or industrial sector and tertiary or service sector.
• In developing countries like India a large working force will be engaged in primary sector.
• Only a small proportion of working force will be in the secondary and tertiary sectors.
• Employment growth has increased at an average rate of 2% during the past four decades since 1972-73.
3. Compare the employment conditions prevailing in the organised and unorganised sectors.
1. It is incorporated with the appropriate authority or government and follows its rules and regulations.
2. Employees of central and state government, banks, railways, insurance and industry come under this category.
3. There is job security
4. Get good salary
5. They have fixed working hours, paid holidays, medical allowance and insurance.
1. Rules and regulations are not following.
2. It is characterised by the household manfacturing activitity and small scale industry.
3. No job security
4. Get low salary
5. They do not enjoy any special benefits like paid leave, leave due to sickness and so on.
• Service motive
• Government owns the assets
• Wages are paid by Government .
• Eg : NI,C, SAIL, BSNL
• Profit motive.
• Private individuals own the assets
• Wages are paid by the owner of private enterprises.
• Eg: TVS Motors, Ashok Leyland, TATA steel.