In recent years, there has been a change in the employment pattern and this has helped the employers to develop more flexible working patterns among their employees. The trends are (a) increasing self-employment (b) firms using fewer full-time employees and tending to offer more short-term contracts (c) there has been a growth in part-time employment. This may be due to lifestyle of the people.
Agriculture, despite a sharp decline in gross domestic product, continues to be the largest employer in Tamil Nadu. This is because the non-agriculture sectors are yet to generate enough employment to affect a shift of labour force. Most of the employment growth in Tamil Nadu has been contributed by the unorganised and informal sectors.
· Labour force is the number of people in the country who work and also capable of working.
· Structure of employment denotes number of workers engaged in different sectors of the economy.
· The employment growth rate of India increased at an average rate of 2% during past four decades from 1972-73.
· Organised sector provides job security and other benefits like insurance to its employees.
· Public sector means government undertakings.
· Employment pattern changes due to lifestyle of the people.