Social Science : Economics
UNDERSTANDING DEVELOPMENT: PERSPECTIVES, MEASUREMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY
V. Answer in detail
1. Discuss the policies for sustainable development.
• The development without damaging the environment and not compromising with the needs the future generation is "sustainable Economic Development".
• To achieve real substitutability, we need to balance economic, Social and environmental substitutability in equal harmony.
• To meet the power needs India depend on thermal and hydro power plants that have an adverse environmental impact. So it is necessary to use non conventional sources of energy for sustainable development.
• Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity directly using photo voltaic cells. Tamilnadu is the state with highest installed solar capacity.
2. Describe in detail about environmental policies in India.
Environmental Policies in India :
• Over the past three decades. India has evolved environmental policies that have covered the issues such as air, water pollution, waste management and biodiversity conservation.
• Facing the uncertain climate, limited resources, overcoming the challenge by new approach India got sustainable development.
• Through a series of directions an judgements, the supreme court of India has interpreted and introduced new changes in environmental protection.
• The people will have higher income, better education better health and nutrition, less poverty and more equality. Considering there a number of environmental. Acts have been made.
3. Differentiate between renewable and non-renewable resources.
• Renewable resources are resources that can be reproduced again and again
• These resources take a short time for renewal.
• Renewable resources are pollution free and environment friendly.
• Example : Solar energy, wind energy, water, wood, paper
Non - renewable resources
• Non - renewable resources are resources that cannot be replaced again after utilization
• Million of years are needed for the formation of these resources.
• Non - renewable resources pollute and damage the environment.
• Example: Metals , glass, fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, natural gas, diesel)
4. Mention any five environmental acts and their action.
• National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 : Environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources.
• Biological Diversity Act, 2002 : To provide for conservation of biological diversity.
• The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 : Providing for the protection and improvement of the environment.
• Forest (Conservation Act, 1980) : Check deforestation and encourage afforestation of non-forest areas.
• Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 : Providing protection to wild animal and birds.