The biotic and abiotic resources found in the oceanic water and at the bottoms are called marine resources. The ocean’s resources play a vital role in sustaining the needs of society. A diverse array of marine organisms is used for food, medicine, cosmetics, and a wealth of industrial applications. The world’s demand for energy, minerals and water have become increasingly dependent on non-living marine resources.
Oceans are the life blood of planet earth and mankind. The humankind depends on the marine resources for its survival. They are also essential for the economic prosperity, social well-being and quality of life. Oceans have extensive deposits of oil reserves. Besides a major fishing ground, it helps in generating non-conventional energy, development of many ports and harbours for trade activities. Coastal tourism also attracts people around the world, thereby contributing to the economy of many countries.
The marine environment is faced with a number of increasingly severe threats. These include loss of biodiversity, loss of habitats, contamination through dangerous substances, and the impacts of climate change. Yet the marine resources are not deteriorating , it is necessary to find better ways of managing it.