Chemistry

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Chemistry

Inorganic Chemistry

Chemical Calculations


=> Chemical Calculations : Formula Weight (FW) or Formula Mass
=> Mole Concept and Molar Mass with Example Problems
=> Converting Grams of Substances to Moles and Grams with Solved Problems
=> Calculation of Empirical Formula from Quantitative Analysis and Percentage composition
=> Stoichiometry Equations
=> Rules for writing stoichiometric equations
=> Balancing chemical equation in its molecular form
=> General Rules for assigning Oxidation Number to an atom
=> Balancing Redox reaction by Oxidation Number Method
=> Methods of Expressing the concentration of solution
=> Volumetric Analysis - Law with Solved problem
=> Determination of equivalent masses of elements
=> Equivalent mass of acid, base, salt, oxidising agent and reducing agent
=> Determination of Molecular Mass Victor-Meyer's Method
=> Calculations based on Principle of Volumetric Analysis

General Introduction to Metallurgy


=> Metallurgy - Ores and Minerals
=> Sources from earth, living systems and in sea
=> Metallurgy - Purification of ores
=> Metallurgical processes
=> Metallurgy - Purification of metals

Atomic Structure I


=> Rutherford's Scattering Experiment
=> Defects of Rutherford's model
=> Postulates of Bohr's model of an atom
=> Limitation of Bohr's Theory
=> Electronic configuration and quantum numbers
=> Shapes or boundary surfaces of Orbitals
=> Pauli's exclusion principle and Uses
=> Hund's rule of maximum multiplicity
=> Aufbau Principle
=> Stability of orbitals

Periodic Classification I


=> Brief history of periodic classification
=> Earlier periodic classification
=> Modern Periodic Law
=> IUPAC Nomenclature for Elements with Z greater than 100
=> Electronic configuration and periodic table
=> Types of elements: s-, p-,d-, f- Blocks
=> Atomic and ionic radii
=> Variation of Ionization Energy in the periodic Table
=> Factors Influencing Ionization Enthalpy
=> Electron affinity
=> Electronegativity
=> Anomalous periodic properties in terms of screening constant, stability etc.

Group 1 sBlock elements


=> The structure of the three isotopes of hydrogen
=> Deuterium: Methods of Preparation, properties and Uses
=> Tritium - preparation, Properties, Uses
=> Ortho and Para hydrogen: Conversion and Properties
=> Heavy water: Preparation, Principle, Properties, Important reactions, Uses
=> Hydrogen peroxide: Preparation, Properties, reactions, Uses
=> Liquid hydrogen as a fuel
=> Alkali Metals: General characteristics, Physical Properties
=> Lithium : Extraction, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses
=> Sodium: Extraction, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses

Group 2 sBlock elements


=> Group 2 s - Block Elements
=> Magnesium: Important Ores, Metallurgy, Properties, Uses
=> Compounds of alkaline earth metals

pBlock elements


=> p-Block Elements - General Characteristics
=> Group 13 - Boron Group (B, Al, Ga, In, Tl): Extraction, Properties
=> Carbon group elements: properties, Structure, Uses
=> Structure of Diamond, Graphite, Buckminster fullerenes
=> Metallic character of Carbon group elements
=> Nitrogen Group
=> Nitric acid: Preparation, Properties
=> Importance of molecular oxygen
=> Oxygen: Oxides Classification
=> Ozone: Laboratory preparation, Properties, Uses, structure, layer
=> Factors affecting ozone layer

Atomic Structure II


=> Chronology Of Atomic Structure
=> Dual Property of an Electron
=> Difference between a particle and a wave
=> Experiments to prove particle and wave property of Electrons
=> The Uncertainty Principle
=> de-Broglie Relation and Significance of de-Broglie waves
=> The Wave Nature Of Electrons
=> Shapes of orbitals: s, p, d Shapes
=> Molecular Orbital Theory: Energy level diagram for molecular orbitals
=> Electronic configuration of a molecule and its correlation with molecular behaviour
=> Molecular orbital energy level diagrams -Hydrogen, Hypothetical, Nitrogen, Oxygen
=> Hybridization : Salient Features, Type, Example
=> Importance, Strength, Types of Hydrogen bonds - Intermolecular Forces

Periodic Classification II


=> Review Of Periodic Properties
=> Calculation Of Atomic Radius (Covalent Radius)
=> Calculation of ionic radii - Pauling's Method, Slater rules
=> Factors governing ionization energy
=> Electron Affinity or Electron gain enthalpy (E.A.)
=> Factors affecting electron affinity
=> Electronegativity Scales
=> Applications of electronegativity

p Block Elements


=> General characteristics of p-block elements
=> Electronic configuration of the Boron family elements
=> Group - 14 Elements - The Carbon Family
=> Silicones - structure and uses
=> Metallurgy of Lead: Ores, Properties, Extraction, Purification, Uses
=> Group - 15 Elements - The Nitrogen Family
=> Compounds of Phosphorus
=> Halides of Phosphorus: Phosphorus TrichlorideII. Phosphorus pentachloride - Preparation, properties, Structure
=> Oxides of phosphorus: Preparation, properties, Structure
=> Oxy-Acids of Phosphorus: Preparation, properties, Structure
=> Phosphine - PH3: Preparation, properties, Structure
=> Group 16 The 'Oxygen' Family
=> Group 17 - The Halogen Family
=> Anamalous Nature of Fluorine
=> Isolation, Physical, Chemical Properties, Uses Of Fluorine
=> Structures of interhalogen compounds
=> Group 18 Noble Gases Or Inert Gases
=> Isolation Of Noble Gases: Ramsay - Raleigh's and Dewar's Method
=> Uses Of Noble Gas

d Block Elements


=> Classification and Electronic configuration of d-block Elements
=> General characteristics of d-block elements
=> Copper: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
=> Chromium: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties, Uses and alloys
=> Zinc: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
=> silver: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
=> Gold: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
=> Extraction from Gold Ores - Mac Arthur Forrest Cyanide Process
=> Potassium dichromate: Preparation, Properties and Uses
=> Copper Sulphate or Blue vitriol: Preparation, Properties and Uses
=> Silver nitrate or Lunar caustic: Preparation, Properties and Uses
=> Zinc carbonate and Purple of cassius: Preparation, Properties and Uses

f Block Elements


=> General Characteristics of f-block elements and extraction
=> General properties of Lanthanides
=> General Properties of Actinide Series
=> Comparison of Lanthanides and Actinides
=> Uses of Lanthanides and actinides
=> Simple salt and Molecular (or) addition compounds

Coordination Compounds and BioCoordination Compounds


=> Terminology Used In Coordination Chemistry
=> IUPAC Nomenclature Of Mononuclear Coordination Compounds
=> Types of Isomerism: Structural and Stereo isomerism
=> Theories Of Coordination Compounds: Werner's theory, Valence bond theory
=> Uses of coordination compounds
=> Bio Coordination Compounds - aemoglobin, Chlorophyll

Nuclear Chemistry


=> Nuclear Chemistry - Indroduction
=> Difference between chemical reactions and nuclear reactions
=> Type Of Nuclear Reaction
=> Radiocarbon Dating and Uses
=> Uses Of Radioactive Isotopes

Physical Chemistry

Solid state I


=> Crystalline solids and Amorphous solids
=> Difference between Crystalline and Amorphous Solids
=> Characteristic parameters and seven classes of unit cell
=> Miller Indices

Gaseous state I


=> Properties of gases
=> The gas laws: Boyle's law and Charle's Law
=> Numerical values of gas constant (R)
=> Dalton's law of partial Pressures
=> Graham's Law of Diffusion
=> Causes for deviation of real gas from ideal behaviour
=> Vanderwaal's Equation of state : Units, Significance, Limitations
=> Gaseous state - Critical phenomena
=> Joule-Thomson Effect and Inversion temperature (Ti)
=> Conditions of liquefaction of gases: Linde's Method, Claude's process

Chemical Bonding


=> Elementary theories on Chemical Bonding
=> Kossel-Lewis approach to Chemical Bonding
=> Ionic (or) Electrovalent bond
=> Lattice energy and Born - Haber's cycle
=> Determination and Calculation of lattice enthalpy of NaCl
=> Properties of electrovalent (or) ionic compounds
=> Covalent bond: Lewis dot structure and Double bond formation
=> Characteristics of covalent compounds
=> Fajan's rules: Covalent character of ionic bonds
=> Polarity of Covalent Bonds
=> Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR) Theory
=> Directional Properties of Covalent Bonds
=> Theory of Hybridisation
=> Chemical Bonding: Concept of Resonance
=> Co-ordinate-covalent bonding or Dative bonding

Colligative Properties


=> Colligative Properties and its Scope
=> Lowering of Vapour Pressure
=> Raoult's Law and Dynamic method (or) Ostwald - Walker method
=> Depression of freezing point of dilute solution
=> Measurement of freezing point depression by Beckmann method
=> Elevation of boiling point of dilute solutions and Cottrell's Method
=> Osmosis in solution
=> Determination of molecular weight and osmotic pressure by Berkley-Hartley method
=> Abnormal Colligative Properties

Thermodynamics I


=> Introduction and Terminology used in Thermodynamics
=> Thermodynamics: State functions of a system
=> Thermodyanamic processes
=> Different between Exothermic and endothermic processes
=> Thermodynamics: Difference between Irreversible and Reversible process
=> Nature of thermodynamic functions
=> Zeroth law of thermodynamics or Thermal equilibrium
=> Thermodynamics: Work, heat and energy
=> First law of thermodynamics
=> Relation between enthalpy `H' and internal energy `U'
=> Thermochemical equations
=> Enthalpy of combustion - Bomb calorimeter
=> Enthalpy of neutralisation

Chemical Equilibrium I


=> Scope and Nature of Chemical Equilibrium
=> Dynamic Equilibrium: Characteristics, Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes
=> Law of chemical equilibrium and equilibrium constant with example
=> Formation of HI from H2 and I2 - Equilibrium constants in terms of degree of dissociation
=> Dissociation of PCl5 - Equilibrium constants in terms of degree of dissociation
=> Characteristics of Equilibrium constant
=> Heterogeneous equilibria

Chemical Kinetics I


=> Scope of chemical kinetics
=> Rate of chemical reactions
=> Factors influencing reaction rates
=> Chemical Kinetics: Unit of rate constant
=> Molecularity of the reaction
=> Classification of rates based on the order of the reaction
=> Characteristics of organic compounds
=> Purification of Organic compounds: Crystallisation
=> Sublimation - Purification of Organic compounds
=> Methods for the purification of liquids Distillation
=> Chromatography and Different Chromatographic Techniques

Solid State II


=> Types of Cubic System
=> Bragg's Equation and spectrometer method
=> Types Of Crystals
=> Imperfections In Solids
=> Super conductors property of Crystalline solids
=> Glasses - Amorphous solids

Thermodynamics II


=> Limitations Of First Law Of Thermodynamics
=> Second law of thermodynamics
=> Entropy And Entropy Change
=> Characteristics of entropy 'S'
=> Gibbs free energy 'G' and Standard free energy (G)
=> Characteristics of Free energy 'G'
=> Le Chatelier's Principle: Haber's and Contact Process

Chemical Equilibrium II


=> Le Chatelier's Principle: Haber's and Contact Process
=> Attainment Of Equilibrium In Chemical Reactions

Chemical Kinetics II


=> Rate And Order Of A Reaction
=> Rate equation for first order reactions
=> Pseudo-First Order Reactions
=> Determination of rate constant of acid catalysed hydrolysis of an ester
=> Temperature Dependance Of Rate Constant
=> Simple And Complex Reactions : Difference and Types

Surface Chemistry


=> Classification, Factors affecting of adsorption of gases on solids
=> General characteristics and Types of catalytic reactions
=> Types of catalysts
=> Theories Of Catalysis
=> Colloids and Types of Colloids
=> Preparation Of Colloids : Dispersion and Condensation method
=> Purification Methods Of Sols
=> Properties of Colloids
=> Natural and Technical Applications Of Colloids
=> Emulsions and Types of emulsions

Electro Chemistry I


=> Electro Chemistry: Conductors , Insulators And Semi Conductors
=> Theory Of Electrolytic Conductance
=> Postulates of Arrhenius Theory
=> Evidences of Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation
=> Ostwald's dilution law for weak electrolytes
=> Faraday's Laws Of Electrolysis
=> Electrical Conductance Quantities
=> Variation Of Equivalent Conductance With Concentration
=> Kohlraush's Law - Application with example
=> Ionic Product Of Water : The pH of solutions
=> Buffer Solutions
=> Henderson-Hasselbalch equation and its Significance
=> Selection of pH indicators and Titration
=> Ostwald's theory and Quinonoid Theory

Electro Chemistry II


=> Electrochemistry - Cells and Daniel cell
=> Electro Chemistry - Cell Terminology
=> Single Electrode Potential

Organic Chemistry

Basic Concepts of Organic Chemistry


=> Basic Concepts Of Organic Chemistry - Introduction
=> Classification of Organic Compounds: open chain, cyclic compounds



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