Clinical Dermatology

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Clinical Dermatology

Skin disease in perspective


=> Skin disease in perspective
=> Skin disease in perspective: Causes
=> Skin disease in perspective: Prevalence
=> Skin disease in perspective: Impact

The function and structure of the skin


=> The function and structure of the skin
=> Skin Epidermis
=> The dermo-epidermal junction
=> Skin Dermis
=> The skin immune system
=> Some cellular components of the skin immune system
=> Molecular components of the skin immune system
=> Hypersensitivity reactions in the skin

Diagnosis of skin disorders


=> Diagnosis of skin disorders
=> Diagnosis of skin disorders: Examination
=> Special tools and techniques - Diagnosis of skin disorders
=> Assessment - Diagnosis of skin disorders
=> Side-room and office tests - Diagnosis of skin disorders
=> Laboratory tests - Diagnosis of skin disorders
=> Disorders of keratinization
=> The ichthyoses - Disorders of keratinization
=> Ichthyosis vulgaris
=> X-linked recessive ichthyosis
=> Collodion baby
=> Lamellar ichthyosis and non-bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma
=> Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis (bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma)
=> Other ichthyosiform disorders
=> Acquired ichthyosis
=> Keratosis pilaris
=> Keratosis follicularis (Darier’s disease)
=> Keratoderma of the palms and soles
=> Knuckle pads
=> Callosities and corns

Psoriasis


=> Cause and pathogenesis of Psoriasis
=> Psoriasis: Precipitating factors
=> Psoriasis: Histology
=> Psoriasis: Presentation
=> Psoriasis: Complications
=> Psoriasis: Differential diagnosis, Investigations
=> Psoriasis: Treatment
=> Psoriasis: Local treatments
=> Psoriasis: Ultraviolet radiation treatments
=> Psoriasis: Special situations treatments
=> Psoriasis: Systemic treatment
=> Psoriasis: Combination therapy treatment

Other papulosquamous disorders


=> Pityriasis rosea
=> Lichen planus
=> Pityriasis rubra pilaris
=> Parapsoriasis and premycotic eruption
=> Pityriasis lichenoides
=> Erythroderma/exfoliative dermatitis

Eczema and dermatitis


=> Eczema and dermatitis: Terminology
=> Classification of eczema
=> Eczema and dermatitis: Pathogenesis
=> Eczema and dermatitis: Histology
=> Eczema and dermatitis: Clinical appearance
=> Eczema and dermatitis: Complications, Differential diagnosis
=> Eczema and dermatitis: Investigations
=> Irritant contact dermatitis
=> Allergic contact dermatitis
=> Occupational dermatitis
=> Atopic eczema
=> Seborrhoeic eczema
=> Discoid (nummular) eczema
=> Pompholyx
=> Gravitational (stasis) eczema
=> Asteatotic eczema
=> Localized neurodermatitis (lichen simplex)
=> Juvenile plantar dermatosis

Reactive erythemas and vasculitis


=> Urticaria (hives, ‘nettle-rash’)
=> Erythema multiforme
=> Erythema nodosum
=> Leucocytoclastic
=> Polyarteritis nodosa
=> Wegener’s granulomatosis

Bullous diseases


=> Bullous diseases
=> Pemphigus
=> Other causes of subcorneal and intraepidermal blistering
=> Pemphigoid
=> Pemphigoid gestationis (herpes gestationis)
=> Cicatricial pemphigoid
=> Linear IgA bullous disease
=> Acquired epidermolysis bullosa
=> Dermatitis herpetiformis
=> Other causes of subepidermal blisters
=> Toxic epidermal necrolysis (Lyell’s disease)
=> Epidermolysis bullosa

Connective tissue disorders


=> Connective tissue disorders
=> Systemic lupus erythematosus
=> Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus
=> Discoid lupus erythematosus
=> Dermatomyositis
=> Systemic sclerosis
=> CREST syndrome
=> Eosinophilic fasciitis
=> Morphoea
=> Lichen sclerosus
=> Mixed connective tissue disease
=> Other connective tissue diseases

Disorders of blood vessels and lymphatics


=> Disorders involving small blood vessels
=> Arterial disease
=> Deep vein thrombosis - Venous disease
=> Thrombophlebitis - Venous disease
=> Venous hypertension, the gravitational syndrome and venous leg ulceration
=> Purpura - Venous disease
=> Disorders of the lymphatics

Sebaceous and sweat gland disorders


=> Sebaceous glands
=> Acne
=> Acne Treatment
=> Rosacea
=> Eccrine sweat glands
=> Apocrine sweat glands

Regional dermatology


=> The hair
=> The hair: Classification
=> The hair cycle
=> Alopecia
=> Alopecia areata
=> Androgenetic alopecia (male-pattern baldness)
=> Traction alopecia
=> Patchy hair loss caused by skin disease
=> Diffuse hair loss
=> Rare genetic causes of hypotrichosis
=> Hirsutism and hypertrichosis
=> Hypertrichosis
=> The nails
=> The nails: Effects of trauma
=> The nail in systemic disease
=> Nail changes in the common dermatoses
=> The nails Infections
=> Some other nail abnormalities
=> The mouth and genitals
=> Lichen planus
=> Candidiasis
=> Contact stomatitis
=> Bullous diseases
=> Aphthae
=> Some other oral lumps, bumps and colour changes
=> Squamous cell carcinoma
=> Vulvovaginitis
=> Lichen sclerosus
=> Vulval and scrotal pruritus
=> Malignant conditions: Squamous cell carcinoma

Infections


=> Bacterial infections: The resident flora of the skin
=> Streptococcal infections
=> Spirochaetal infections
=> Other Bacterial infections
=> Mycobacterial infections
=> Other mycobacterial infections
=> Viral infections: Viral warts
=> Viral infections: Varicella (chickenpox)
=> Viral infections: Herpes zoster
=> Molluscum contagiosum
=> Orf
=> Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
=> Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome (Kawasaki’s disease)
=> Gianotti–Crosti syndrome
=> Herpangina, Measles, Rubella, Erythema infectiosum
=> Dermatophyte infections (ringworm) - Fungal infections
=> Candidiasis - Fungal infections
=> Pityriasis versicolor
=> Deep fungal infections

Infestations


=> Insect bites - Arthropods
=> Papular urticaria
=> Bed bugs (Hemiptera) and Myiasis
=> Lice infestations (pediculosis)
=> Scabies
=> Infestations of Parasitic worms

Skin reactions to light


=> Skin reactions to light
=> Sunburn
=> Phototoxicity
=> Photoallergy
=> Chronic actinic dermatitis (actinic reticuloid)
=> Polymorphic light eruption
=> Actinic prurigo
=> Solar urticaria
=> Lupus erythematosus
=> Cutaneous ageing

Disorders of pigmentation


=> Normal skin colour
=> Abnormal skin colours
=> Decreased melanin pigmentation
=> Disorders with increased pigmentation (hypermelanosis)

Skin tumours


=> Skin tumours: Prevention
=> Benign
=> Premalignant tumours
=> Basal cell carcinoma (rodent ulcer)
=> Squamous cell carcinoma
=> Malignant melanoma
=> Paget’s disease of the nipple
=> Tumours of the dermis: Benign
=> Tumours of the dermis: Malformations
=> Tumours of the dermis: Haemangiomas
=> Tumours of the dermis: Lymphangiomas
=> Other benign dermal tumours
=> Malignant: Kaposi’s sarcoma
=> Lymphomas and leukaemias
=> Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and Cutaneous metastases

The skin in systemic disease


=> The skin and internal malignancy
=> The skin and diabetes mellitus
=> The skin in sarcoidosis
=> The skin in liver disease
=> The skin in renal disease
=> The porphyrias
=> Some metabolic disorders
=> Generalized pruritus
=> Pyoderma gangrenosum
=> The skin changes of pregnancy

The skin and the psyche


=> The skin and the psyche
=> Reactions to skin disease
=> Dermatoses precipitated or perpetuated by emotional factors

Other genetic disorders


=> Other genetic disorders
=> Non-Mendelian genetics
=> Neurofibromatosis
=> Tuberous sclerosis
=> Xeroderma pigmentosum
=> Incontinentia pigmenti
=> Ehlers–Danlos syndrome
=> Pseudoxanthoma elasticum

Drug eruptions


=> Drug eruptions Mechanisms
=> Drug eruptions Presentation: Some drugs and the reactions they can cause
=> Some common reaction patterns and drugs which can cause them
=> Drug eruptions Course and Differential diagnosis
=> Drug eruptions Treatment

Medical treatment


=> Medical treatment
=> Therapeutic options
=> Topical treatment
=> Systemic therapy

Physical forms of treatment


=> Surgery - Physical forms of treatment
=> Cryotherapy - Physical forms of treatment
=> Radiotherapy - Physical forms of treatment
=> Phototherapy - Physical forms of treatment
=> Laser therapy - Physical forms of treatment



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