Go to All Subject -

Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology -

Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology

Organization and General Plan of the Body


-:- Organization and General Plan of the Body
-:- Levels of Organization
-:- Metabolism and Homeostasis
-:- Terminology and General Plan of the Body

Some Basic Chemistry


-:- Elements
-:- Atoms
-:- Chemical Bonds
-:- Chemical Reactions
-:- Inorganic Compounds of Importance
-:- Organic Compounds of Importance
-:- Carbohydrates
-:- Lipids
-:- Proteins
-:- Enzymes
-:- Nucleic Acids

Cells


-:- Cells
-:- Cell Structure
-:- Cell Membrane
-:- Nucleus - Cells
-:- Cytoplasm and Cell Organelles
-:- Cellular Transport Mechanisms
-:- The Genetic Code and Protein Synthesis
-:- Cell Division
-:- Aging and Cells

Tissues and Membranes


-:- Epithelial Tissue
-:- Connective Tissue
-:- Muscle Tissue
-:- Nerve Tissue
-:- Membranes: Epithelial and Connective, serous and mucous Membranes
-:- Aging and Tissues

The Integumentary System


-:- Skin - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Outer epidermis - Skin
-:- Inner dermis - Skin
-:- Subcutaneous Tissue
-:- Aging and the Integumentary System

The Skeletal System


-:- Skeletal System
-:- Functions of the Skeleton
-:- Types of Bone Tissue
-:- Classification of Bones
-:- Embryonic Growth of Bone
-:- Factors That Affect Bone Growth and Maintenance
-:- The Skeleton
-:- Skull - Skeleton
-:- Vertebral Column - Skeleton
-:- Rib Cage - Skeleton
-:- Shoulder And Arm - Skeleton
-:- Hip and Leg - Skeleton
-:- Joints-Articulations
-:- Aging and the Skeletal System

The Muscular System


-:- The Muscular System
-:- Muscle Structure
-:- Muscle Tone
-:- Muscle Sense
-:- Energy Sources for Muscle Contraction
-:- Muscle Fiber- Microscopic Structure
-:- Contraction-The Sliding Filament Mechanism
-:- Responses to Exercise-Maintaining Homeostasis
-:- Aging and the Muscular System
-:- Major Muscles of the Body

The Nervous System


-:- The Nervous System
-:- Nervous System Divisions
-:- Nerve Tissue
-:- Types of Neurons
-:- Nerves and Nerve Tracts
-:- The Nerve Impulse
-:- Spinal Cord
-:- Spinal Nerves
-:- Spinal Cord Reflexes
-:- The Brain - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Meninges and Cerebrospinal Fluid
-:- Cranial Nerves
-:- Autonomic Nervous System
-:- Aging and the Nervous System

The Senses


-:- Sensory Pathway
-:- Characteristics of Sensations
-:- Cutaneous Senses
-:- Muscle Sense
-:- Sense of Taste
-:- Sense of Smell
-:- Hunger and Thirst
-:- The Eye - Structure, Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Eyeball: Layers and Cavities of the Eyeball
-:- Physiology of Vision - Eye
-:- The Ear: Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Arterial Receptors
-:- Aging and the Senses

The Endocrine System


-:- The Endocrine System
-:- Chemistry of Hormones
-:- Regulation of Hormone Secretion
-:- The Pituitary Gland - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Posterior Pituitary Gland
-:- Anterior Pituitary Gland
-:- Thyroid Gland - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Parathyroid Glands and Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
-:- Pancreas - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Adrenal Glands - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Adrenal Medulla: Epinephrine and Norepinephrine
-:- Adrenal Cortex: Aldosterone, Cortisol
-:- Ovaries
-:- Testes
-:- Melatonin
-:- Prostaglandins (PGs)
-:- Mechanisms of Hormone Action
-:- Aging and the Endocrine System

Blood


-:- Characteristics of Blood
-:- Plasma
-:- Red Blood Cells: Function, Production and Maturation, Life Span, Blood Types
-:- White Blood Cells: Classification and Function
-:- Platelets: Function
-:- Prevention of Abnormal Clotting

The Heart


-:- Location and Pericardial Membranes
-:- Heart Chambers-Vessels and Valves
-:- Coronary Vessels
-:- Cardiac Cycle and Heart Sounds
-:- Cardiac Conduction Pathway
-:- Heart Rate
-:- Cardiac Output
-:- Regulation of Heart Rate
-:- Aging and the Heart

The Vascular System


-:- Arteries - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Veins - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Capillaries - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Pathways of Circulation
-:- Velocity of Blood Flow
-:- Blood Pressure
-:- Maintenance of Systemic Blood Pressure
-:- Distribution of Blood Flow
-:- Regulation of Blood Pressure
-:- Aging and the Vascular System

The Lymphatic System and Immunity


-:- Lymph - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Lymph Vessels
-:- Lymphatic Tissue
-:- Lymph Nodes and Nodules
-:- Spleen
-:- Thymus
-:- Immunity
-:- Innate Immunity
-:- Adaptive Immunity
-:- Types of Immunity
-:- Aging and the Lymphatic System

The Respiratory System


-:- Divisions of the Respiratory System
-:- Mechanism of Breathing
-:- Pulmonary Volumes
-:- Exchange of Gases - The Respiratory System
-:- Transport of Gases in the Blood
-:- Regulation of Respiration: Nervous and Chemical Regulation
-:- Respiration and Acid-Base Balance
-:- Aging and the Respiratory System

The Digestive System


-:- Divisions of the Digestive System
-:- Types of Digestion
-:- Oral Cavity
-:- Pharynx
-:- Esophagus
-:- Structural Layers of the Alimentary Tube
-:- Stomach - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Small Intestine - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Liver - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Gallbladder - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Pancreas
-:- Completion of Digestion and Absorption
-:- Large Intestine - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Functions of the Liver
-:- Aging and the Digestive System

Body Temperature and Metabolism


-:- Body Temperature
-:- Heat Production - Body Temperature
-:- Heat Loss - Body Temperature
-:- Regulation of Body Temperature
-:- Fever - Body Temperature
-:- Metabolism
-:- Cell Respiration
-:- Synthesis Uses Of Foods - Metabolism
-:- Metabolism: Vitamins and Minerals
-:- Metabolic Rate
-:- Aging and Metabolism

The Urinary System


-:- The Urinary System
-:- Kidneys - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Internal Structure of the Kidney
-:- Nephron - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Blood Vessels of the Kidney
-:- Formation of Urine
-:- Glomerular Filtration - Formation of Urine
-:- Tubular Reabsorption - Formation of Urine
-:- Tubular Secretion - Formation of Urine
-:- Hormones that Influence Reabsorption of Water - Formation of Urine
-:- Kidneys and Acid-Base Balance
-:- Functions of the Kidneys
-:- Elimination of Urine
-:- Characteristics of Urine
-:- Aging and the Urinary System

Fluid Electrolyte and Acid Base Balance


-:- Water Compartments in Human body
-:- Water Intake and Output in Human body
-:- Electrolytes in Human body
-:- Acid-Base Balance in Human body
-:- Aging and Fluid and pH Regulation

The Reproductive Systems


-:- Meiosis - Human Reproductive Systems
-:- Male Reproductive System in Human
-:- Female Reproductive System in Human
-:- Menstrual Cycle in Human
-:- Aging and the Reproductive Systems
-:- Testes - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Urethra-Penis
-:- Semen
-:- Ovaries - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Fallopian Tubes
-:- Uterus - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Vagina - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- External Genitals - Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Mammary Glands - Anatomy and Physiology

Human Development and Genetics


-:- Human Development
-:- Embryo And Embryonic Membranes
-:- Placenta and Umbilical Cord
-:- Parturition and Labor
-:- Infant at Birth
-:- Genetics

An Introduction to Microbiology and Human Disease


-:- Classification of Microorganisms
-:- Normal Flora
-:- Infectious Disease
-:- Epidemiology
-:- Methods of Control of Microbes
-:- The Pathogens and its List