Human Neuroanatomy(Fundamental and Clinical)

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Human Neuroanatomy(Fundamental and Clinical)

Introduction to Neuroanatomy


=> Introduction to Neuroanatomy
=> What is Neuroanatomy?
=> Divisions of the Nervous System
=> Tissues constituting the nervous system
=> How the Nervous system can be affected by disease
=> Neuron Structure
=> Elementary Structure of a Typical Neuron
=> Grey and White Matter
=> Variability in Neuron Structure
=> Role of axoplasmic transport in spread of disease
=> Some features of dendrites
=> Sex chromatin in neurons
=> The Synapse - Human Neuroanatomy
=> Neurotransmitters
=> Classification of Synapses
=> Peripheral Nerves
=> Basic Structure of Peripheral Nerve Fibres
=> Classification of Fibres in Peripheral Nerves according to Diameter and Velocity of Conduction
=> Incisures of Schmidt Lanterman
=> Nodes of Ranvier
=> Some facts about myelination
=> Degeneration and Regeneration of Neurons
=> Neuroglia
=> Astrocytes
=> Oligodendrocytes
=> Microglia
=> Functions of Neuroglia
=> Tumours of Nervous Tissue
=> A Brief Review of Techniques used in the Study of Neuroanatomy
=> Early Development of Nervous system
=> Faulty formation of neural tube
=> Formation of neurons and neuroglial cells
=> Neural Crest

The Spinal Cord Gross Anatomy and Some features of Internal Structure


=> The Spinal Cord : Gross Anatomy and Some features of Internal Structure
=> Spinal Nerves & Spinal Segments
=> Segmental Innervation: Dermatomes
=> Segmental Innervation of Muscles

Basic Neuronal Arrangements


=> Classification of neurons and of nerve fibres in peripheral nerves according to function
=> Somatic Efferent Neurons
=> Special Visceral Efferent Neurons (Branchiomotor Neurons)
=> General Visceral Efferent Neurons
=> Afferent Neurons
=> Arrangement of Neurons within the Central Nervous System
=> Projection, Association and Commissural Fibres

Sensory Receptors and Neuromuscular Junctions


=> Sensory Receptors
=> Exteroceptive Receptors
=> Proprioceptive Receptors
=> Neuromuscular Junctions
=> Structure of a Typical Motor End Plate
=> Some Facts about Muscle Action
=> Myasthenia Gravis

Internal Structure of the Spinal Cord


=> Internal Structure of the Spinal Cord
=> Grey Matter of the Spinal Cord
=> Subdivisions of Grey Matter
=> Significance of Neurons in Grey Matter of Spinal Cord
=> Spinal Reflexes
=> Myotatic or Stretch Reflexes
=> Superficial Reflexes
=> Development of the Spinal Cord
=> Preliminary Review of the Brainstem
=> The Medulla: gross anatomy
=> The Pons: gross anatomy
=> The Midbrain: gross anatomy

Preliminary Review of the Brainstem


=> Preliminary Review of the Internal Structure of the Brainstem
=> Subdivisions of Neural Tube

Gross Anatomy of the Cerebellum


=> Subdivisions of the Cerebellum - Gross Anatomy of the Cerebellum
=> Grey matter of the cerebellum - Gross Anatomy of the Cerebellum
=> White matter of the cerebellum - Gross Anatomy of the Cerebellum
=> Cerebellar Peduncles - Gross Anatomy of the Cerebellum
=> Development of the Cerebellum

Gross Anatomy of the Cerebral Hemispheres


=> Exterior of the Cerebral Hemispheres - Gross Anatomy of The Cerebral Hemispheres
=> Inferior Surface of Cerebrum - Gross Anatomy of The Cerebral Hemispheres
=> An Introduction to Some Structures within the Cerebral Hemispheres
=> Development of the Cerebral Hemisphere
=> Important Functional Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
=> White Matter of Cerebral Hemispheres
=> Anomalies of the Brain and the Spinal Cord

Tracts of Spinal Cord and Brainstem


=> Tracts of Spinal Cord and Brainstem
=> Descending Tracts ending in the Spinal Cord
=> Descending Tracts ending in the Brainstem
=> Disorders of Motor Function
=> Ascending Tracts
=> Pathways connecting the spinal cord to the cerebral cortex
=> Ascending pathways ending in the brainstem
=> Sensory Disorders - Tracts of Spinal Cord and Brainstem
=> Spinocerebellar Pathways - Tracts of Spinal Cord and Brainstem
=> Disorders of Equilibrium - Tracts of Spinal Cord and Brainstem
=> Involvement of Spinal Cord in Disease

Cranial Nerve Nuclei


=> Cranial Nerve Nuclei
=> Somatic Efferent Nuclei - Cranial Nerve Nuclei
=> Special Visceral Efferent Nuclei - Cranial Nerve Nuclei
=> General Visceral Efferent Nuclei - Cranial Nerve Nuclei
=> General and Special Visceral Afferent Nuclei - Cranial Nerve Nuclei
=> General and Special Somatic Afferent Nuclei - Cranial Nerve Nuclei
=> Other Connections of Cranial Nerve Nuclei
=> Pathway of Hearing & Connections of Cochlear Nuclei
=> Connections of Vestibular Nuclei
=> Medial Longitudinal Fasciculus
=> Functional Components of Individual Cranial Nerves
=> Olfactory nerve and Optic nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
=> Oculomotor, Trochlear and Abducent Nerves - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
=> Trigeminal nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
=> Facial nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
=> Vestibulocochlear nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
=> Glossopharyngeal nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
=> Vagus nerve (and cranial part of accessory) - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
=> Accessory nerve (spinal part) - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
=> Hypoglossal nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing

Internal Structure of Brainstem


=> Medulla - Internal Structure of Brainstem
=> Pons - Internal Structure of Brainstem
=> The Midbrain - Internal Structure of Brainstem
=> Reticular Formation of the Brainstem - Internal Structure of Brainstem
=> Control of Eye Movements - Internal Structure of Brainstem
=> Development of the Medulla Oblongata
=> Development of Pons
=> Development of the Midbrain

Internal Structure of Cerebellum


=> Basic Structure of the Cerebellar Cortex
=> Main Connections of the Cerebellum
=> Connections between Cerebellum and Spinal Cord
=> Connections between Cerebellum and Cerebral Cortex
=> Functions of the Cerebellum
=> Few Details about the Cerebellar Cortex
=> Few Details of Cerebellar Connections
=> Connections of Cerebellar Nuclei: Afferents and Efferents
=> Disorders of Equilibrium - Cerebellum

The Diencephalon


=> The Thalamus (Dorsal Thalamus) - The Diencephalon
=> Internal Structure of the Thalamus
=> Connections of the Thalamus
=> Connections of Ventral Group of nuclei - Thalamus (Dorsal Thalamus)
=> Medial & Lateral Geniculate Bodies - Thalamus (Dorsal Thalamus)
=> The Hypothalamus - The Diencephalon
=> Subdivisions of the Hypothalamus
=> Hypothalamic nuclei
=> Connections of the Hypothalamus
=> Control of hypophysis cerebri by the hypothalamus
=> Functions of the Hypothalamus
=> Epithalamus - The Diencephalon
=> Ventral Thalamus - The Diencephalon
=> Subthalamic Nucleus
=> Development of the Diencephalon

The Basal Nuclei


=> The Basal Nuclei
=> Caudate Nucleus
=> The Lentiform Nucleus
=> Connections of the Basal Nuclei
=> Ventral striatum and pallidum
=> Abnormal Movements - The Basal Nuclei
=> Development of the Corpus Striatum

Further Consideration of the Cerebral Cortex


=> Structure of the Cerebral Cortex
=> Neurons in the Cerebral Cortex
=> Laminae of Cerebral Cortex
=> Further Consideration of Functional Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
=> Motor and Premotor Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
=> Sensory Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
=> Visual Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
=> Auditory (acoustic) Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
=> Prefrontal Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
=> Disorders of Memory and Behaviour
=> Some Features of Cortical Connections

The Olfactory and Limbic Regions


=> The Olfactory Region
=> The Olfactory Pathway
=> The Limbic Region
=> Connections of the Amygdaloid Nuclei
=> Septal Region
=> Hippocampal Formation
=> Fibre bundles of limbic region

Internal Capsule and Commissures of the Brain


=> The Internal Capsule of the Brain
=> Commissures of the Brain

The Visual Pathway


=> The Visual Pathway of the Brain
=> The Retina - Visual Pathway of the Brain
=> The Visual Field and Retinal Quadrants
=> Optic Nerve, Optic Chiasma & Optic Tract
=> The Lateral Geniculate Body
=> Geniculocalcarine Tract and Visual Cortex
=> Reflexes related to the Eyeball: Pupillary and Corneal Reflex

Autonomic Nervous System


=> Autonomic Nervous System
=> The Sympathetic Trunks - Autonomic Nervous System
=> Autonomic Plexuses - Autonomic Nervous System
=> Preganglionic and Postganglionic Neurons
=> Some Further Details of Autonomic Neurons
=> Afferent autonomic pathways
=> Some Further Comments on Autonomic Afferents
=> Autonomic Nerve Supply of some Important Organs
=> Some Recent Developments about the Autonomic Nervous System

Ventricles of the Brain


=> Ventricles of the Brain
=> The Lateral Ventricles - Ventricles of the Brain
=> The Third Ventricle - Ventricles of the Brain
=> The Fourth Ventricle - Ventricles of the Brain
=> The Cerebrospinal Fluid - Ventricles of the Brain

Blood Supply of Central Nervous System


=> Blood Supply of the Spinal Cord - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
=> Arteries Supplying the Brain - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
=> Arterial Supply of the Cerebral Cortex - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
=> Arteries Supplying the Interior of the Cerebral Hemisphere - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
=> Arterial Supply of the Brainstem - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
=> Venous Drainage of the Brain - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
=> Blood-Brain Barrier
=> Control of Cerebral Blood Flow

Some Investigative Procedures


=> Some Investigative Procedures - Human Neuroanatomy



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