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Human Neuroanatomy(Fundamental and Clinical) -

Human Neuroanatomy(Fundamental and Clinical)

Introduction to Neuroanatomy


-:- Introduction to Neuroanatomy
-:- What is Neuroanatomy?
-:- Divisions of the Nervous System
-:- Tissues constituting the nervous system
-:- How the Nervous system can be affected by disease
-:- Neuron Structure
-:- Elementary Structure of a Typical Neuron
-:- Grey and White Matter
-:- Variability in Neuron Structure
-:- Role of axoplasmic transport in spread of disease
-:- Some features of dendrites
-:- Sex chromatin in neurons
-:- The Synapse - Human Neuroanatomy
-:- Neurotransmitters
-:- Classification of Synapses
-:- Peripheral Nerves
-:- Basic Structure of Peripheral Nerve Fibres
-:- Classification of Fibres in Peripheral Nerves according to Diameter and Velocity of Conduction
-:- Incisures of Schmidt Lanterman
-:- Nodes of Ranvier
-:- Some facts about myelination
-:- Degeneration and Regeneration of Neurons
-:- Neuroglia
-:- Astrocytes
-:- Oligodendrocytes
-:- Microglia
-:- Functions of Neuroglia
-:- Tumours of Nervous Tissue
-:- A Brief Review of Techniques used in the Study of Neuroanatomy
-:- Early Development of Nervous system
-:- Faulty formation of neural tube
-:- Formation of neurons and neuroglial cells
-:- Neural Crest

The Spinal Cord Gross Anatomy and Some features of Internal Structure


-:- The Spinal Cord : Gross Anatomy and Some features of Internal Structure
-:- Spinal Nerves & Spinal Segments
-:- Segmental Innervation: Dermatomes
-:- Segmental Innervation of Muscles

Basic Neuronal Arrangements


-:- Classification of neurons and of nerve fibres in peripheral nerves according to function
-:- Somatic Efferent Neurons
-:- Special Visceral Efferent Neurons (Branchiomotor Neurons)
-:- General Visceral Efferent Neurons
-:- Afferent Neurons
-:- Arrangement of Neurons within the Central Nervous System
-:- Projection, Association and Commissural Fibres

Sensory Receptors and Neuromuscular Junctions


-:- Sensory Receptors
-:- Exteroceptive Receptors
-:- Proprioceptive Receptors
-:- Neuromuscular Junctions
-:- Structure of a Typical Motor End Plate
-:- Some Facts about Muscle Action
-:- Myasthenia Gravis

Internal Structure of the Spinal Cord


-:- Internal Structure of the Spinal Cord
-:- Grey Matter of the Spinal Cord
-:- Subdivisions of Grey Matter
-:- Significance of Neurons in Grey Matter of Spinal Cord
-:- Spinal Reflexes
-:- Myotatic or Stretch Reflexes
-:- Superficial Reflexes
-:- Development of the Spinal Cord
-:- Preliminary Review of the Brainstem
-:- The Medulla: gross anatomy
-:- The Pons: gross anatomy
-:- The Midbrain: gross anatomy

Preliminary Review of the Brainstem


-:- Preliminary Review of the Internal Structure of the Brainstem
-:- Subdivisions of Neural Tube

Gross Anatomy of the Cerebellum


-:- Subdivisions of the Cerebellum - Gross Anatomy of the Cerebellum
-:- Grey matter of the cerebellum - Gross Anatomy of the Cerebellum
-:- White matter of the cerebellum - Gross Anatomy of the Cerebellum
-:- Cerebellar Peduncles - Gross Anatomy of the Cerebellum
-:- Development of the Cerebellum

Gross Anatomy of the Cerebral Hemispheres


-:- Exterior of the Cerebral Hemispheres - Gross Anatomy of The Cerebral Hemispheres
-:- Inferior Surface of Cerebrum - Gross Anatomy of The Cerebral Hemispheres
-:- An Introduction to Some Structures within the Cerebral Hemispheres
-:- Development of the Cerebral Hemisphere
-:- Important Functional Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
-:- White Matter of Cerebral Hemispheres
-:- Anomalies of the Brain and the Spinal Cord

Tracts of Spinal Cord and Brainstem


-:- Tracts of Spinal Cord and Brainstem
-:- Descending Tracts ending in the Spinal Cord
-:- Descending Tracts ending in the Brainstem
-:- Disorders of Motor Function
-:- Ascending Tracts
-:- Pathways connecting the spinal cord to the cerebral cortex
-:- Ascending pathways ending in the brainstem
-:- Sensory Disorders - Tracts of Spinal Cord and Brainstem
-:- Spinocerebellar Pathways - Tracts of Spinal Cord and Brainstem
-:- Disorders of Equilibrium - Tracts of Spinal Cord and Brainstem
-:- Involvement of Spinal Cord in Disease

Cranial Nerve Nuclei


-:- Cranial Nerve Nuclei
-:- Somatic Efferent Nuclei - Cranial Nerve Nuclei
-:- Special Visceral Efferent Nuclei - Cranial Nerve Nuclei
-:- General Visceral Efferent Nuclei - Cranial Nerve Nuclei
-:- General and Special Visceral Afferent Nuclei - Cranial Nerve Nuclei
-:- General and Special Somatic Afferent Nuclei - Cranial Nerve Nuclei
-:- Other Connections of Cranial Nerve Nuclei
-:- Pathway of Hearing & Connections of Cochlear Nuclei
-:- Connections of Vestibular Nuclei
-:- Medial Longitudinal Fasciculus
-:- Functional Components of Individual Cranial Nerves
-:- Olfactory nerve and Optic nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
-:- Oculomotor, Trochlear and Abducent Nerves - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
-:- Trigeminal nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
-:- Facial nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
-:- Vestibulocochlear nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
-:- Glossopharyngeal nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
-:- Vagus nerve (and cranial part of accessory) - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
-:- Accessory nerve (spinal part) - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing
-:- Hypoglossal nerve - Damage to Cranial Nerves and Testing

Internal Structure of Brainstem


-:- Medulla - Internal Structure of Brainstem
-:- Pons - Internal Structure of Brainstem
-:- The Midbrain - Internal Structure of Brainstem
-:- Reticular Formation of the Brainstem - Internal Structure of Brainstem
-:- Control of Eye Movements - Internal Structure of Brainstem
-:- Development of the Medulla Oblongata
-:- Development of Pons
-:- Development of the Midbrain

Internal Structure of Cerebellum


-:- Basic Structure of the Cerebellar Cortex
-:- Main Connections of the Cerebellum
-:- Connections between Cerebellum and Spinal Cord
-:- Connections between Cerebellum and Cerebral Cortex
-:- Functions of the Cerebellum
-:- Few Details about the Cerebellar Cortex
-:- Few Details of Cerebellar Connections
-:- Connections of Cerebellar Nuclei: Afferents and Efferents
-:- Disorders of Equilibrium - Cerebellum

The Diencephalon


-:- The Thalamus (Dorsal Thalamus) - The Diencephalon
-:- Internal Structure of the Thalamus
-:- Connections of the Thalamus
-:- Connections of Ventral Group of nuclei - Thalamus (Dorsal Thalamus)
-:- Medial & Lateral Geniculate Bodies - Thalamus (Dorsal Thalamus)
-:- The Hypothalamus - The Diencephalon
-:- Subdivisions of the Hypothalamus
-:- Hypothalamic nuclei
-:- Connections of the Hypothalamus
-:- Control of hypophysis cerebri by the hypothalamus
-:- Functions of the Hypothalamus
-:- Epithalamus - The Diencephalon
-:- Ventral Thalamus - The Diencephalon
-:- Subthalamic Nucleus
-:- Development of the Diencephalon

The Basal Nuclei


-:- The Basal Nuclei
-:- Caudate Nucleus
-:- The Lentiform Nucleus
-:- Connections of the Basal Nuclei
-:- Ventral striatum and pallidum
-:- Abnormal Movements - The Basal Nuclei
-:- Development of the Corpus Striatum

Further Consideration of the Cerebral Cortex


-:- Structure of the Cerebral Cortex
-:- Neurons in the Cerebral Cortex
-:- Laminae of Cerebral Cortex
-:- Further Consideration of Functional Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
-:- Motor and Premotor Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
-:- Sensory Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
-:- Visual Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
-:- Auditory (acoustic) Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
-:- Prefrontal Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
-:- Disorders of Memory and Behaviour
-:- Some Features of Cortical Connections

The Olfactory and Limbic Regions


-:- The Olfactory Region
-:- The Olfactory Pathway
-:- The Limbic Region
-:- Connections of the Amygdaloid Nuclei
-:- Septal Region
-:- Hippocampal Formation
-:- Fibre bundles of limbic region

Internal Capsule and Commissures of the Brain


-:- The Internal Capsule of the Brain
-:- Commissures of the Brain

The Visual Pathway


-:- The Visual Pathway of the Brain
-:- The Retina - Visual Pathway of the Brain
-:- The Visual Field and Retinal Quadrants
-:- Optic Nerve, Optic Chiasma & Optic Tract
-:- The Lateral Geniculate Body
-:- Geniculocalcarine Tract and Visual Cortex
-:- Reflexes related to the Eyeball: Pupillary and Corneal Reflex

Autonomic Nervous System


-:- Autonomic Nervous System
-:- The Sympathetic Trunks - Autonomic Nervous System
-:- Autonomic Plexuses - Autonomic Nervous System
-:- Preganglionic and Postganglionic Neurons
-:- Some Further Details of Autonomic Neurons
-:- Afferent autonomic pathways
-:- Some Further Comments on Autonomic Afferents
-:- Autonomic Nerve Supply of some Important Organs
-:- Some Recent Developments about the Autonomic Nervous System

Ventricles of the Brain


-:- Ventricles of the Brain
-:- The Lateral Ventricles - Ventricles of the Brain
-:- The Third Ventricle - Ventricles of the Brain
-:- The Fourth Ventricle - Ventricles of the Brain
-:- The Cerebrospinal Fluid - Ventricles of the Brain

Blood Supply of Central Nervous System


-:- Blood Supply of the Spinal Cord - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
-:- Arteries Supplying the Brain - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
-:- Arterial Supply of the Cerebral Cortex - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
-:- Arteries Supplying the Interior of the Cerebral Hemisphere - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
-:- Arterial Supply of the Brainstem - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
-:- Venous Drainage of the Brain - Blood Supply of Central Nervous System
-:- Blood-Brain Barrier
-:- Control of Cerebral Blood Flow

Some Investigative Procedures


-:- Some Investigative Procedures - Human Neuroanatomy