Botany 12th Std

Online Study, Important Questions with Answer Key, Question Papers, Textbook, Study Material

Online Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki and important questions and answers

Botany 12th Std

UNIT VI: Reproduction in Plants

Chapter 1: Asexual and Sexual Reproduction in Plants


=> Milestones in Plant Embryology
=> Reproduction in Plants
=> Asexual Reproduction in Plants
=> Vegetative reproduction in Plants
=> Natural Vegetative methods
=> Artificial Vegetative methods
=> Sexual Reproduction in Plants
=> Male Reproductive part - Androecium
=> Female reproductive part - Gynoecium
=> Pollination
=> T.S. of Mature anther
=> Microspores and pollen grains
=> Development of Male gametophyte
=> Structure of ovule (Megasporangium)
=> Types of Ovules
=> Megasporogenesis
=> Development of Monosporic embryo sac.
=> Self-pollination or Autogamy
=> Cross - pollination
=> Agents of pollination
=> Fertilization
=> Double fertilization and triple fusion
=> Post Fertilization structure and events
=> Apomixis
=> Polyembryony
=> Parthenocarpy
=> Reproduction in Plants: Summary
=> Reproduction in Plants: Evaluation

UNIT VII: Genetics

Chapter 2: Classical Genetics


=> Classical Genetics
=> Heredity and variation
=> Mendelism
=> Monohybrid cross
=> Intragenic gene interactions
=> Intergenic gene interactions
=> Polygenic Inheritance in Wheat (Kernel colour)
=> Extra Chromosomal Inheritance or Extra Nuclear Inheritance (Cytoplasmic Inheritance)
=> Classical Genetics: Summary
=> Classical Genetics: Evaluation

Chapter 3: Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance


=> Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance
=> Linkage
=> Crossing Over
=> Recombination
=> Genetic Mapping
=> Multiple alleles
=> Sex determination in plants
=> Mutation
=> Types of point mutations
=> Mutagenic agents
=> Chromosomal mutations
=> Polyploidy
=> DNA Metabolism in Plants
=> Protein synthesis in plants
=> Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance: Summary
=> Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance: Evaluation

UNIT VIII: Biotechnology

Chapter 4: Principles and Processes of Biotechnology


=> Principles and Processes of Biotechnology
=> Development of Biotechnology
=> Historical Perspective of Biotechnology
=> Traditional Biotechnology: Fermentation, Single Cell Protein (SCP)
=> Advancements in Modern Biotechnology
=> Tools for Genetic Engineering
=> Methods of Gene Transfer
=> Screening for Recombinants
=> Transgenic Plants / Genetically Modified Crops (Gm Crops)
=> Applications of Biotechnology
=> Principles and Processes of Biotechnology: Summary
=> Principles and Processes of Biotechnology: Evaluation

Chapter 5: Plant Tissue Culture


=> Introduction
=> Milestones in Plant Tissue Culture
=> Basic concepts of Tissue Culture
=> Plant Tissue Culture (PTC)
=> Types of Plant tissue cultures
=> Plant Regeneration Pathway
=> Applications of Plant Tissue Culture
=> Conservation of plant genetic resources
=> Intellectual Property Right (IPR)
=> Future of Biotechnology
=> Plant Tissue Culture (PTC): Summary
=> Plant Tissue Culture (PTC): Evaluation

UNIT IX: Plant Ecology

Chapter 6: Principles of Plant Ecology


=> Principles of Ecology
=> Ecology
=> Ecological factors
=> Ecological adaptations
=> Dispersal of Fruits and Seeds
=> Principles of Ecology: Summary
=> Principles of Ecology: Evaluation

Chapter 7: Ecosystem


=> Ecosystem
=> Structure of ecosystem
=> Functions of ecosystem
=> Plant Succession
=> Vegetation types of India and Tamil Nadu
=> Ecosystem: Summary
=> Ecosystem: Evaluation

Chapter 8: Environmental Issues


=> Environmental Issues
=> Green House effect and Global Warming
=> Forestry
=> Deforestation
=> Afforestation
=> Agrochemicals and their effects
=> Alien invasive species
=> Conservation
=> Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
=> Rain water harvesting - RWH (Solution to water crisis - A ecological problem)
=> Sewage disposal
=> Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
=> Geographic Information System (GIS)
=> Environmental Issues: Summary
=> Environmental Issues: Evaluation

UNIT X: Economic Botany

Chapter 9: Plant Breeding


=> Relationship between humans and plants
=> Domestication of plants
=> Origin of Agriculture
=> History of Agriculture
=> Organic Agriculture
=> Plant Breeding
=> Conventional Plant Breeding Methods
=> Modern Plant Breeding
=> Seed Protection
=> Seed Storage
=> Plant Breeding: Summary
=> Plant Breeding: Evaluation

Chapter 10: Economically Useful Plants and Entrepreneurial Botany


=> Economically Useful Plants and Entrepreneurial Botany
=> Cereals
=> Millets (Siru Thaniyangal)
=> Minor Millets
=> Pulses
=> Vegetables
=> Fruits
=> Nuts
=> Sugars
=> Oil Seeds
=> Beverages
=> Spices and Condiments
=> Fibres
=> Timber
=> Latex: Rubber
=> Pulp Wood
=> Dyes
=> Cosmetics
=> Traditional Systems of Medicines
=> Medicinal Plants
=> Entrepreneurial Botany
=> Economically Useful Plants and Entrepreneurial Botany: Summary
=> Economically Useful Plants and Entrepreneurial Botany: Evaluation

Competitive Examination Questions


=> Reproduction in plants - Competitive Examination Questions
=> Genetics - Competitive Examination Questions
=> Biotechnology - Competitive Examination Questions
=> Plant Ecology - Competitive Examination Questions
=> Economic Botany - Competitive Examination Questions

Practicals Experiments


=> T.S of Anther
=> L.S of an Angiospermic ovule
=> T.S. of Nerium Leaf
=> Natural methods of Vegetative Propagation in Plants
=> Adaptations of flowers for pollination by different agents
=> Dicot seed
=> Dispersal of seeds by various agents
=> Ecological adaptations of plants found in hydro-phytic, xerophytic, halophytic and epiphytic conditions
=> Types of ovules
=> E.coli cloning vector (pBR 322)
=> Plant tissue culture - Callus with plantlets
=> Types of ecological pyramid
=> To verify Mendel’s Monohybrid cross
=> Analysis of seed sample to study Mendelian dihybrid ratio
=> Flow of energy and Ten percent law
=> Determination of Population density and Percentage frequency by Quadrat method
=> Chromosomal aberrations - Deletion, Duplication and Inversion
=> Genetic / linkage maps
=> To dissect and display the pollinia of Calotropis
=> Study of Pollen germination on a slide
=> Study of pH of different types of soil
=> Water holding capacity of garden soil and roadside soil
=> Isolation of DNA from plant materials
=> Economically important plants
=> Economically important plant products



Copyright © 2018-2020 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.