Why fried foods are tastier than boiled foods?
There are two kinds of oils namely, essential oils and vegetable
oils or fatty oils. The essential oils or volatile oils which possess aroma
evaporate or volatilize in contact with air. Any organ of a plant may be the
source of essential oil. For example, flowers of Jasmine, fruits of orange and
roots of ginger. The vegetable oils or non-volatile oils or fixed oils that do
not evaporate. Whole seeds or endosperm form the sources of vegetable oils.
Let us know about few oil seeds
Botanical name : Arachis hypogaea
Family : Fabaceae
Groundnut is native of Brazil. Portuguese
introduced groundnut into Africa. The Spanish took it to the South East Asia
and India via Philippines. In India Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan are
Nuts contain about 45% oil. The kernels are also rich sources of
phosphorous and vitamins, particularly thiamine, riboflavin and niacin. It is
premium cooking oil because it does not smoke. Lower grade oil is used in
manufacture of soaps and lubricants.
Botanical name : Sesamum indicum
Family : Pedaliaceae
Sesamum indicum has originated from
Africa.. Sesame is cultivated as a dry land crop. West Bengal and Madhya
Pradesh are the top producers in India during 2017-18. It is considered as a
healthy oil in Southern Indian culture.
Sesame oil is used for mostly culinary purposes in India. Lower
grades are used in manufacture of soaps, in paint industries, as a lubricant
and as an illuminant. In India, the oil is the basis of most of the scented
oils used in perfumes. Sesame seed snacks are popular throughout India.
Botanical name : Cocos nucifera
Family : Arecaceae
The origin of coconut is Pacific island region. Kerala and Tamil Nadu are the leading producers in India.
Coconut oil is classified as edible-industrial oil. Soaps obtained
from coconut oil lathers well in soft and hard water. It is used in manufacture
of rubber, synthetic resins, lubricants, brake fluids for aeroplanes and
detergents. It is used as major hair oil and a base for applying medicinal