Aquaculture Engineering

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Aquaculture Engineering

Introduction


=> Aquaculture engineering
=> Classification of aquaculture
=> The farm: technical components in a Aquaculture system
=> Future trends: increased importance of aquaculture engineering

Water Transport


=> Water Transport in Aquaculture
=> Pipes: materials, Classification, Pressure class
=> Valves - Pipe and pipe parts
=> Pipe parts - fittings
=> Pipe connections - jointing
=> Mooring of pipes
=> Ditches for pipes
=> Water flow in channels and pipe systems
=> Head loss in pipelines
=> Head loss in single parts (fittings)
=> Pumps
=> Types of pump
=> Pump height, Cavitation and Net positive suction head (NPSH)
=> Pumping of water requires energy
=> Centrifugal and propeller pumps
=> Pump performance curves and working point for centrifugal pumps
=> Change of water flow or pressure
=> Regulation of flow from selected pumps

Water Quality and Water Treatment an Introduction


=> Increased focus on water quality
=> Inlet water
=> Outlet water
=> Water treatment in Aquaculture

Adjustment of pH


=> Adjustment of pH - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Problems with low pH - Aquaculture Engineering
=> pH of different water sources - Aquaculture Engineering
=> pH adjustment - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Examples of methods for pH adjustment: Lime, Seawater, Lye or hydroxides - Aquaculture Engineering

Removal of Particles


=> Removal of Particles - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Characterization of the water - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Methods for particle removal in fish farming
=> Mechanical filters and micro screens - Methods for particle removal in fish farming
=> Depth filtration granular medium filters - Methods for particle removal in fish farming
=> Settling or gravity filters - Methods for particle removal in fish farming
=> Integrated treatment systems - Methods for particle removal in fish farming
=> Hydraulic loads on filter units - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Purification efficiency - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Dual drain tank - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Sludge production and utilization - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Local ecological solutions - Aquaculture Engineering

Disinfection


=> Disinfection - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Basis of disinfection - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Chick’s law and Watson’s law - law for disinfection
=> Ultraviolet light - Disinfection in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Ozone - Disinfection in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Photozone - Disinfection methods in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Heat treatment - Disinfection methods in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Chlorine - Disinfection methods in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Changing the pH - Disinfection methods in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Natural methods: ground filtration or constructed wetland - Disinfection methods in Aquaculture Engineering

Heating and Cooling


=> Heating and Cooling - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Heating requires energy - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Methods for heating water - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Immersion heaters - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Oil and gas burners heaters - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Why use heat exchangers? - Aquaculture Engineering
=> How is the heat transferred ? - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Factors affecting heat transfer - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Important parameters when calculating the size of heat exchangers - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Types of heat exchanger
=> Flow pattern in heat exchangers
=> Materials in heat exchangers
=> Fouling - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Why use heat pumps? - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Construction and function of a heat pump
=> Log pressure–enthalpy (p-H) in heat pump
=> Coefficient of performance in heat pump
=> Installations of heat pumps - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Management and maintenance of heat pumps - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Composite heating systems - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Chilling of water - Aquaculture Engineering

Aeration and Oxygenation


=> Aeration and Oxygenation - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Gases in water
=> Gas theory Aeration: Equilibrium, Gas transfer
=> Design and construction of aerators: Basic principles, Evaluation criteria
=> Example of designs for different types of aerator: Gravity, Surface, Subsurface aerators
=> Oxygenation of water
=> Theory of oxygenation
=> Design and construction of oxygen injection systems
=> Evaluation of methods for injecting oxygen gas
=> Examples of oxygen injection system designs
=> Oxygen gas characteristics
=> Sources of oxygen

Ammonia Removal


=> Ammonia Removal - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Biological removal of ammonium ion
=> Nitrification
=> Construction of nitrification filters
=> Management of biological filters
=> Example of biofilter design
=> Denitrification
=> Chemical removal of ammonia: Principle, Construction - Aquaculture Engineering

Recirculationand Water Re


=> Recirculationand Water Re-use Systems
=> Advantages and disadvantages of re-use systems in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Definitions for re-use or recycling systems
=> Degree of re-use
=> Water exchange in relation to amount of fish
=> Degree of purification
=> Mass flow in the system - Theoretical models for construction of re-use systems
=> Water requirements of Aquaculture re-use systems
=> Connection between outlet concentration, degree of re-use and effectiveness of the water treatment system
=> Components in a Aquaculture re-use system
=> Design of a re-use system in Aquaculture

Production Units a Classification


=> Production Units: a Classification - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Classification of production units - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Possibilities for controlling environmental impact - Aquaculture Engineering

Egg Storage and Hatching Equipment


=> Introduction of Egg Storage and Hatching Equipment in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Systems where the Fish eggs stay pelagic in Aquaculture Engineering
=> The incubator - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Systems where the Fish eggs lie on the bottom - Aquaculture
=> Systems where the eggs lie in the same unit from spawning to fry ready for start feeding
=> Systems where the eggs must be removed before hatching
=> System where storing, hatching and firs feeding are carried out in the same unit

Tanks Basins and Other Closed Production Units


=> Introduction of Tanks, Basins and Other Closed Production Units - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Types of closed production units - Aquaculture Engineering
=> How much water should be supplied? - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Water exchange rate - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Ideal or non-ideal mixing and water exchange
=> Tank design - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Flow pattern and self-cleaning - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Water inlet design - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Water outlet or drain - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Dual drain - Aquaculture Engineering

Ponds


=> Ponds: Introduction
=> The ecosystem
=> Different production ponds
=> Pond types
=> Construction principles of Pond - Aquaculture
=> Drainable or non drainable Pond - Aquaculture
=> Size and construction of Pond - Aquaculture
=> Site selection for Aquaculture Pond
=> Water supply for Aquaculture Pond
=> The inlet of Aquaculture Pond
=> The outlet - drainage for Aquaculture Pond
=> Aquaculture Pond layout

Sea Cages


=> Sea Cages
=> Site selection - Aquaculture Sea Cages
=> What creates waves?
=> Waves - Environmental factors affecting a floating construction in Sea Cages
=> Wind - Environmental factors affecting a floating construction in Sea Cages
=> Wind, Oceani, Tidal Current - Environmental factors affecting a floating construction in Sea Cages
=> Ice - Environmental factors affecting a floating construction in Sea Cages
=> Construction of sea cages
=> Examples of Sea cage constructions
=> Cage collar or framework
=> Mooring systems
=> Design of the mooring system
=> Description of the single components in a pre-stressed mooring system
=> Fixing point - Mooring systems
=> Mooring lines - Mooring systems
=> Buoys - Mooring systems
=> Anchors - Mooring systems
=> Calculation of current, wave and wind forces on a sea cage farm
=> Calculation of the size of the mooring system
=> Calculation of sizes for mooring lines
=> Control of mooring systems

Feeding Systems


=> Why use automatic feeding systems in Aquaculture ? What can be automated?
=> Selection of feeding system
=> Feeding system requirements in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Types of feeding equipment
=> Feed blowers - feeding equipment in Aquaculture
=> Feed dispensers - feeding equipment in Aquaculture
=> Demand feeders - feeding equipment in Aquaculture
=> Automatic feeders and its Types, components - feeding equipment in Aquaculture
=> Central feeding system - feeding equipment in Aquaculture
=> Feed control - Feeding Systems in Aquaculture
=> Feed control systems - Feeding Systems in Aquaculture
=> Dynamic feeding systems - Feeding Systems in Aquaculture

Internal Transport and Size Grading


=> Internal Transport and Size Grading: Introduction - Aquaculture Engineering
=> The importance of fish handling
=> Why move the fish? - fish handling
=> Why size grade in fish handling?
=> Negative effects of handling the fish
=> Moving fish with a supply of external energy - Methods and equipment for internal transport
=> Methods for moving of fish without the need for external energy - Methods and equipment for internal transport
=> Methods and equipment for size grading of fish

Transport of Live Fish


=> Transport of Live Fish: Introduction
=> Preparation for Transport of Live Fish
=> Land Transport of Live Fish
=> Sea transport of Live Fish
=> Air transport of Live Fish
=> Other transport methods of Live Fish
=> Cleaning and re-use of water - Transport of Live Fish
=> Use of additives - Transport of Live Fish

Instrumentation and Monitoring


=> Instrumentation and Monitoring in Aquaculture
=> Construction of measuring instruments
=> Instruments for measuring water quality - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Measuring temperature - Instruments for measuring water quality in Aquaculture
=> Measuring oxygen content of the water in Aquaculture
=> Measuring pH - Instruments for measuring water quality in Aquaculture
=> Measuring conductivity and salinity - Instruments for measuring water quality in Aquaculture
=> Measuring total gas pressure and nitrogen saturation - Instruments for measuring water quality in Aquaculture
=> Instruments for measuring physical conditions - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Equipment for counting fish, measuring fish size and estimation of total biomass
=> Monitoring systems - Aquaculture Engineering

Buildings and Superstructures


=> Why use buildings in Aquaculture Engineering?
=> Types, shape and roof design of Buildings in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Load carrying systems - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Materials - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Prefabricate or build on site? - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Insulated or not? - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Foundations and ground conditions - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Design of major parts - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Ventilation and climatization - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering

Design and Construction of Aquaculture Facilities


=> Design and Construction of Aquaculture Facilities: Introduction
=> Land-based hatchery, juvenile and on-growing production plant in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Water intake and transfer - Land-based hatchery, juvenile and on-growing production plant in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Water treatment department - Land-based hatchery, juvenile and on-growing production plant in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Production rooms in Aquaculture Engineering
=> Feed storage - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Disinfection barrier - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Other rooms - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Outlet water treatment - Aquaculture Engineering
=> Important equipment - Aquaculture Engineering
=> On growing production, sea cage farms
=> Site selection - On growing production, sea cage farms
=> The cages and the fixed equipment
=> The base station - On growing production, sea cage farms
=> Net handling - On growing production, sea cage farms
=> Boat - On growing production, sea cage farms

Planning Aquaculture Facilities


=> Planning Aquaculture Facilities
=> The planning process - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
=> Site selection - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
=> Production plan - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
=> Room programme - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
=> Necessary analyses - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
=> Drawing up alternative solutions - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
=> Evaluation of and choosing between the alternative solutions - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
=> Finishing plans, detailed planning - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
=> Function test of the plant - Planning Aquaculture Facilities



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