Planning Aquaculture Facilities
aquaculture facilities, of whatever type, is a complicated process that
requires much knowledge to achieve a good result. It is, for example, more
difficult than planning a typical industrial production plant, such as for
manufacturing metal parts. Aquaculture facilities involve living individuals.
The production result depends, for instance, on the suitability of the tanks,
water flow conditions and whether water quality meets the requirements of the
individuals, whether fish or shellfish. Planning faults will reduce the
performance of the individuals, which can be manifest as reduced growth or more
frequent disease problems, for example.
requirements for planning will vary according to the type of facility. The
planning of a farm with one or a few excavated ponds is fairly simple. A rather
more complex situation occurs when planning a land-based fish farm for indoor
juvenile production. The planning will be even more complex if the farm is to
include water re-use technology in addition to flow-through technology. Such
complex planning tasks involve several fields of competence: for instance,
sanitary, electrical, building and architectural. These are all technological,
but because the production involves living organisms it is also necessary to
have biological knowledge, for example of the optimal environmental growth condition
for the fish. Since so many subjects are involved, planning is not simple to
perform and a number of specialists will normally be involved, at least when
planning larger farms.
A number of
theories and methods have been introduced to optimize the planning process,
especially for planning buildings and industrial facilities. Despite the
biological aspects involved in the planning of aquaculture facilities, some of
these basic theories and methods can be employed in addition to the important
matters regarding aquaculture.