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Aquaculture Engineering -

Aquaculture Engineering

Introduction


-:- Aquaculture engineering
-:- Classification of aquaculture
-:- The farm: technical components in a Aquaculture system
-:- Future trends: increased importance of aquaculture engineering

Water Transport


-:- Water Transport in Aquaculture
-:- Pipes: materials, Classification, Pressure class
-:- Valves - Pipe and pipe parts
-:- Pipe parts - fittings
-:- Pipe connections - jointing
-:- Mooring of pipes
-:- Ditches for pipes
-:- Water flow in channels and pipe systems
-:- Head loss in pipelines
-:- Head loss in single parts (fittings)
-:- Pumps
-:- Types of pump
-:- Pump height, Cavitation and Net positive suction head (NPSH)
-:- Pumping of water requires energy
-:- Centrifugal and propeller pumps
-:- Pump performance curves and working point for centrifugal pumps
-:- Change of water flow or pressure
-:- Regulation of flow from selected pumps

Water Quality and Water Treatment an Introduction


-:- Increased focus on water quality
-:- Inlet water
-:- Outlet water
-:- Water treatment in Aquaculture

Adjustment of pH


-:- Adjustment of pH - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Problems with low pH - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- pH of different water sources - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- pH adjustment - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Examples of methods for pH adjustment: Lime, Seawater, Lye or hydroxides - Aquaculture Engineering

Removal of Particles


-:- Removal of Particles - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Characterization of the water - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Methods for particle removal in fish farming
-:- Mechanical filters and micro screens - Methods for particle removal in fish farming
-:- Depth filtration granular medium filters - Methods for particle removal in fish farming
-:- Settling or gravity filters - Methods for particle removal in fish farming
-:- Integrated treatment systems - Methods for particle removal in fish farming
-:- Hydraulic loads on filter units - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Purification efficiency - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Dual drain tank - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Sludge production and utilization - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Local ecological solutions - Aquaculture Engineering

Disinfection


-:- Disinfection - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Basis of disinfection - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Chick’s law and Watson’s law - law for disinfection
-:- Ultraviolet light - Disinfection in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Ozone - Disinfection in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Photozone - Disinfection methods in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Heat treatment - Disinfection methods in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Chlorine - Disinfection methods in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Changing the pH - Disinfection methods in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Natural methods: ground filtration or constructed wetland - Disinfection methods in Aquaculture Engineering

Heating and Cooling


-:- Heating and Cooling - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Heating requires energy - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Methods for heating water - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Immersion heaters - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Oil and gas burners heaters - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Why use heat exchangers? - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- How is the heat transferred ? - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Factors affecting heat transfer - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Important parameters when calculating the size of heat exchangers - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Types of heat exchanger
-:- Flow pattern in heat exchangers
-:- Materials in heat exchangers
-:- Fouling - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Why use heat pumps? - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Construction and function of a heat pump
-:- Log pressure–enthalpy (p-H) in heat pump
-:- Coefficient of performance in heat pump
-:- Installations of heat pumps - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Management and maintenance of heat pumps - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Composite heating systems - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Chilling of water - Aquaculture Engineering

Aeration and Oxygenation


-:- Aeration and Oxygenation - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Gases in water
-:- Gas theory Aeration: Equilibrium, Gas transfer
-:- Design and construction of aerators: Basic principles, Evaluation criteria
-:- Example of designs for different types of aerator: Gravity, Surface, Subsurface aerators
-:- Oxygenation of water
-:- Theory of oxygenation
-:- Design and construction of oxygen injection systems
-:- Evaluation of methods for injecting oxygen gas
-:- Examples of oxygen injection system designs
-:- Oxygen gas characteristics
-:- Sources of oxygen

Ammonia Removal


-:- Ammonia Removal - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Biological removal of ammonium ion
-:- Nitrification
-:- Construction of nitrification filters
-:- Management of biological filters
-:- Example of biofilter design
-:- Denitrification
-:- Chemical removal of ammonia: Principle, Construction - Aquaculture Engineering

Recirculationand Water Re


-:- Recirculationand Water Re-use Systems
-:- Advantages and disadvantages of re-use systems in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Definitions for re-use or recycling systems
-:- Degree of re-use
-:- Water exchange in relation to amount of fish
-:- Degree of purification
-:- Mass flow in the system - Theoretical models for construction of re-use systems
-:- Water requirements of Aquaculture re-use systems
-:- Connection between outlet concentration, degree of re-use and effectiveness of the water treatment system
-:- Components in a Aquaculture re-use system
-:- Design of a re-use system in Aquaculture

Production Units a Classification


-:- Production Units: a Classification - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Classification of production units - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Possibilities for controlling environmental impact - Aquaculture Engineering

Egg Storage and Hatching Equipment


-:- Introduction of Egg Storage and Hatching Equipment in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Systems where the Fish eggs stay pelagic in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- The incubator - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Systems where the Fish eggs lie on the bottom - Aquaculture
-:- Systems where the eggs lie in the same unit from spawning to fry ready for start feeding
-:- Systems where the eggs must be removed before hatching
-:- System where storing, hatching and firs feeding are carried out in the same unit

Tanks Basins and Other Closed Production Units


-:- Introduction of Tanks, Basins and Other Closed Production Units - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Types of closed production units - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- How much water should be supplied? - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Water exchange rate - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Ideal or non-ideal mixing and water exchange
-:- Tank design - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Flow pattern and self-cleaning - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Water inlet design - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Water outlet or drain - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Dual drain - Aquaculture Engineering

Ponds


-:- Ponds: Introduction
-:- The ecosystem
-:- Different production ponds
-:- Pond types
-:- Construction principles of Pond - Aquaculture
-:- Drainable or non drainable Pond - Aquaculture
-:- Size and construction of Pond - Aquaculture
-:- Site selection for Aquaculture Pond
-:- Water supply for Aquaculture Pond
-:- The inlet of Aquaculture Pond
-:- The outlet - drainage for Aquaculture Pond
-:- Aquaculture Pond layout

Sea Cages


-:- Sea Cages
-:- Site selection - Aquaculture Sea Cages
-:- What creates waves?
-:- Waves - Environmental factors affecting a floating construction in Sea Cages
-:- Wind - Environmental factors affecting a floating construction in Sea Cages
-:- Wind, Oceani, Tidal Current - Environmental factors affecting a floating construction in Sea Cages
-:- Ice - Environmental factors affecting a floating construction in Sea Cages
-:- Construction of sea cages
-:- Examples of Sea cage constructions
-:- Cage collar or framework
-:- Mooring systems
-:- Design of the mooring system
-:- Description of the single components in a pre-stressed mooring system
-:- Fixing point - Mooring systems
-:- Mooring lines - Mooring systems
-:- Buoys - Mooring systems
-:- Anchors - Mooring systems
-:- Calculation of current, wave and wind forces on a sea cage farm
-:- Calculation of the size of the mooring system
-:- Calculation of sizes for mooring lines
-:- Control of mooring systems

Feeding Systems


-:- Why use automatic feeding systems in Aquaculture ? What can be automated?
-:- Selection of feeding system
-:- Feeding system requirements in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Types of feeding equipment
-:- Feed blowers - feeding equipment in Aquaculture
-:- Feed dispensers - feeding equipment in Aquaculture
-:- Demand feeders - feeding equipment in Aquaculture
-:- Automatic feeders and its Types, components - feeding equipment in Aquaculture
-:- Central feeding system - feeding equipment in Aquaculture
-:- Feed control - Feeding Systems in Aquaculture
-:- Feed control systems - Feeding Systems in Aquaculture
-:- Dynamic feeding systems - Feeding Systems in Aquaculture

Internal Transport and Size Grading


-:- Internal Transport and Size Grading: Introduction - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- The importance of fish handling
-:- Why move the fish? - fish handling
-:- Why size grade in fish handling?
-:- Negative effects of handling the fish
-:- Moving fish with a supply of external energy - Methods and equipment for internal transport
-:- Methods for moving of fish without the need for external energy - Methods and equipment for internal transport
-:- Methods and equipment for size grading of fish

Transport of Live Fish


-:- Transport of Live Fish: Introduction
-:- Preparation for Transport of Live Fish
-:- Land Transport of Live Fish
-:- Sea transport of Live Fish
-:- Air transport of Live Fish
-:- Other transport methods of Live Fish
-:- Cleaning and re-use of water - Transport of Live Fish
-:- Use of additives - Transport of Live Fish

Instrumentation and Monitoring


-:- Instrumentation and Monitoring in Aquaculture
-:- Construction of measuring instruments
-:- Instruments for measuring water quality - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Measuring temperature - Instruments for measuring water quality in Aquaculture
-:- Measuring oxygen content of the water in Aquaculture
-:- Measuring pH - Instruments for measuring water quality in Aquaculture
-:- Measuring conductivity and salinity - Instruments for measuring water quality in Aquaculture
-:- Measuring total gas pressure and nitrogen saturation - Instruments for measuring water quality in Aquaculture
-:- Instruments for measuring physical conditions - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Equipment for counting fish, measuring fish size and estimation of total biomass
-:- Monitoring systems - Aquaculture Engineering

Buildings and Superstructures


-:- Why use buildings in Aquaculture Engineering?
-:- Types, shape and roof design of Buildings in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Load carrying systems - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Materials - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Prefabricate or build on site? - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Insulated or not? - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Foundations and ground conditions - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Design of major parts - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Ventilation and climatization - Buildings and Superstructures in Aquaculture Engineering

Design and Construction of Aquaculture Facilities


-:- Design and Construction of Aquaculture Facilities: Introduction
-:- Land-based hatchery, juvenile and on-growing production plant in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Water intake and transfer - Land-based hatchery, juvenile and on-growing production plant in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Water treatment department - Land-based hatchery, juvenile and on-growing production plant in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Production rooms in Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Feed storage - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Disinfection barrier - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Other rooms - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Outlet water treatment - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- Important equipment - Aquaculture Engineering
-:- On growing production, sea cage farms
-:- Site selection - On growing production, sea cage farms
-:- The cages and the fixed equipment
-:- The base station - On growing production, sea cage farms
-:- Net handling - On growing production, sea cage farms
-:- Boat - On growing production, sea cage farms

Planning Aquaculture Facilities


-:- Planning Aquaculture Facilities
-:- The planning process - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
-:- Site selection - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
-:- Production plan - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
-:- Room programme - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
-:- Necessary analyses - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
-:- Drawing up alternative solutions - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
-:- Evaluation of and choosing between the alternative solutions - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
-:- Finishing plans, detailed planning - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
-:- Function test of the plant - Planning Aquaculture Facilities
Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman

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