Organic Chemistry

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Organic Chemistry

Structure and bonding


=> Atomic structure of carbon
=> Covalent bonding and hybridization
=> sp3 Hybridization
=> sp2 Hybridization
=> sp Hybridization
=> Bonds and hybridized centers

Alkanes and cycloalkanes


=> Alkanes and cycloalkanes
=> Alkanes and cycloalkanes: Drawing structures
=> Alkanes and cycloalkanes: Nomenclature

Functional groups


=> Organic Chemistry: Recognition of functional groups
=> Aliphatic and aromatic functional groups
=> Intermolecular bonding
=> Functional groups: Properties and reactions
=> Nomenclature of compounds with functional groups
=> Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary nomenclature

Stereochemistry


=> Constitutional isomers
=> Configurational isomers – alkenes and cycloalkanes
=> Configurational isomers - optical isomers
=> Conformational isomers

Nucleophiles and electrophiles


=> Nucleophiles and electrophiles: Definition
=> Nucleophiles and electrophiles: Charged species
=> Nucleophiles and electrophiles: Neutral inorganic species
=> Nucleophiles and electrophiles: Organic structures

Reactions and mechanisms


=> Organic Chemistry Reactions
=> Organic Chemistry Mechanisms

Acidbase reactions


=> Brønsted–Lowry acids and bases
=> Acid strength
=> Base strength
=> Lewis acids and bases
=> Enolates

Alkenes and alkynes


=> Preparation of alkenes and alkynes
=> Properties of alkenes and alkynes
=> Electrophilic addition to symmetrical alkenes
=> Electrophilic addition to unsymmetrical alkenes
=> Carbocation stabilization
=> Reduction and oxidation of alkenes
=> Hydroboration of alkenes
=> Electrophilic additions to alkynes
=> Reduction of alkynes
=> Alkylation of terminal alkynes
=> Conjugated dienes

Aromatic chemistry


=> Aromaticity
=> Aromatic chemistry: Preparation and properties
=> Electrophilic substitutions of benzene
=> Synthesis of mono-substituted benzenes
=> Electrophilic substitutions of mono-substituted aromatic rings
=> Synthesis of di- and tri-substituted benzenes
=> Aromatic chemistry: Oxidation and reduction

Aldehydes and ketones


=> Preparation of Aldehydes and ketones
=> Properties of Aldehydes and ketones
=> Nucleophilic addition - Aldehydes and ketones
=> Nucleophilic addition – charged nucleophiles
=> Aldehydes and ketones: Electronic and steric effects
=> Nucleophilic addition - nitrogen nucleophiles
=> Nucleophilic addition - oxygen and sulfur nucleophiles
=> Aldehydes and ketones: Reactions of enolate ions
=> Aldehydes and ketones: α-Halogenation
=> Aldehydes and ketones: Reduction and oxidation
=> Aldehydes and ketones: α,β-Unsaturated aldehydes and ketones

Carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid derivatives


=> Structure and properties of Carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid derivatives
=> Nucleophilic substitution - Carboxylic acids
=> Reactivity of Carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid derivatives
=> Preparations of carboxylic acids
=> Preparations of carboxylic acid derivatives
=> Reactions of Carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid derivatives
=> Enolate reactions - Carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid derivatives

Alkyl halides


=> Preparation and physical properties of alkyl halides
=> Alkyl halides: Nucleophilic substitution
=> Alkyl halides: Factors affecting SN2 versus SN1 reactions
=> Alkyl halides: Elimination
=> Alkyl halides: Elimination versus substitution
=> Reactions of alkyl halides
=> Alkyl halides: Organometallic reactions

Alcohols phenols and thiols


=> Preparation of alcohols
=> Preparation of phenols
=> Properties of alcohols and phenols
=> Reactions of alcohols
=> Reactions of phenols
=> Chemistry of thiols

Ethers epoxides and thioethers


=> Preparation of ethers, epoxides, and thioethers
=> Properties of ethers, epoxides, and thioethers
=> Reactions of ethers, epoxides, and thioethers

Amines and nitriles


=> Preparation of amines
=> Properties of amines
=> Reactions of amines
=> Chemistry of nitriles

Organic spectroscopy and analysis


=> Spectroscopy
=> Visible and ultra violet spectroscopy
=> Infra-red spectroscopy
=> Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy: Introduction
=> Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
=> Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy: Spin-spin coupling
=> 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
=> Mass spectroscopy



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