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Organic Chemistry -

Organic Chemistry

Structure and bonding


-:- Atomic structure of carbon
-:- Covalent bonding and hybridization
-:- sp3 Hybridization
-:- sp2 Hybridization
-:- sp Hybridization
-:- Bonds and hybridized centers

Alkanes and cycloalkanes


-:- Alkanes and cycloalkanes
-:- Alkanes and cycloalkanes: Drawing structures
-:- Alkanes and cycloalkanes: Nomenclature

Functional groups


-:- Organic Chemistry: Recognition of functional groups
-:- Aliphatic and aromatic functional groups
-:- Intermolecular bonding
-:- Functional groups: Properties and reactions
-:- Nomenclature of compounds with functional groups
-:- Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary nomenclature

Stereochemistry


-:- Constitutional isomers
-:- Configurational isomers – alkenes and cycloalkanes
-:- Configurational isomers - optical isomers
-:- Conformational isomers

Nucleophiles and electrophiles


-:- Nucleophiles and electrophiles: Definition
-:- Nucleophiles and electrophiles: Charged species
-:- Nucleophiles and electrophiles: Neutral inorganic species
-:- Nucleophiles and electrophiles: Organic structures

Reactions and mechanisms


-:- Organic Chemistry Reactions
-:- Organic Chemistry Mechanisms

Acidbase reactions


-:- Brønsted–Lowry acids and bases
-:- Acid strength
-:- Base strength
-:- Lewis acids and bases
-:- Enolates

Alkenes and alkynes


-:- Preparation of alkenes and alkynes
-:- Properties of alkenes and alkynes
-:- Electrophilic addition to symmetrical alkenes
-:- Electrophilic addition to unsymmetrical alkenes
-:- Carbocation stabilization
-:- Reduction and oxidation of alkenes
-:- Hydroboration of alkenes
-:- Electrophilic additions to alkynes
-:- Reduction of alkynes
-:- Alkylation of terminal alkynes
-:- Conjugated dienes

Aromatic chemistry


-:- Aromaticity
-:- Aromatic chemistry: Preparation and properties
-:- Electrophilic substitutions of benzene
-:- Synthesis of mono-substituted benzenes
-:- Electrophilic substitutions of mono-substituted aromatic rings
-:- Synthesis of di- and tri-substituted benzenes
-:- Aromatic chemistry: Oxidation and reduction

Aldehydes and ketones


-:- Preparation of Aldehydes and ketones
-:- Properties of Aldehydes and ketones
-:- Nucleophilic addition - Aldehydes and ketones
-:- Nucleophilic addition – charged nucleophiles
-:- Aldehydes and ketones: Electronic and steric effects
-:- Nucleophilic addition - nitrogen nucleophiles
-:- Nucleophilic addition - oxygen and sulfur nucleophiles
-:- Aldehydes and ketones: Reactions of enolate ions
-:- Aldehydes and ketones: α-Halogenation
-:- Aldehydes and ketones: Reduction and oxidation
-:- Aldehydes and ketones: α,β-Unsaturated aldehydes and ketones

Carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid derivatives


-:- Structure and properties of Carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid derivatives
-:- Nucleophilic substitution - Carboxylic acids
-:- Reactivity of Carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid derivatives
-:- Preparations of carboxylic acids
-:- Preparations of carboxylic acid derivatives
-:- Reactions of Carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid derivatives
-:- Enolate reactions - Carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid derivatives

Alkyl halides


-:- Preparation and physical properties of alkyl halides
-:- Alkyl halides: Nucleophilic substitution
-:- Alkyl halides: Factors affecting SN2 versus SN1 reactions
-:- Alkyl halides: Elimination
-:- Alkyl halides: Elimination versus substitution
-:- Reactions of alkyl halides
-:- Alkyl halides: Organometallic reactions

Alcohols phenols and thiols


-:- Preparation of alcohols
-:- Preparation of phenols
-:- Properties of alcohols and phenols
-:- Reactions of alcohols
-:- Reactions of phenols
-:- Chemistry of thiols

Ethers epoxides and thioethers


-:- Preparation of ethers, epoxides, and thioethers
-:- Properties of ethers, epoxides, and thioethers
-:- Reactions of ethers, epoxides, and thioethers

Amines and nitriles


-:- Preparation of amines
-:- Properties of amines
-:- Reactions of amines
-:- Chemistry of nitriles

Organic spectroscopy and analysis


-:- Spectroscopy
-:- Visible and ultra violet spectroscopy
-:- Infra-red spectroscopy
-:- Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy: Introduction
-:- Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
-:- Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy: Spin-spin coupling
-:- 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
-:- Mass spectroscopy