Physics - 1

Online Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki and important questions and answers


Nature of the Physical World and Measurement

=> Scope of Physics
=> Physics, Technology and Society
=> Forces of nature
=> Measurement
=> Derived quantities and their units
=> SI standards
=> Rules and conventions for writing SI units and their symbols
=> Expressing larger and smaller physical quantities
=> Determination of distance, mass, time
=> Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments
=> Measurement: Significant figures
=> Measurement: Rounding off
=> Classification of Errors in Measurement
=> Dimensional Analysis
=> Uses and Limitations of Dimensional Analysis


=> Kinematics - Rest and Motion
=> Motion in one dimension (rectilinear motion)
=> Equations of motion
=> Graphical representations - displacement, velocity,acceleration with time graph
=> Representation of a vector quantities
=> Different types of vectors
=> Addition of vectors: Triangle and Parallelogram law of vectors
=> Subtraction of vectors
=> Resolution of vectors and rectangular components
=> Multiplication of two vectors
=> Projectile motion
=> Motion of a projectile thrown horizontally
=> Motion of a projectile projected at an angle with the horizontal (oblique projection)
=> Newton's first law of motion
=> Three types of the inertia
=> Examples for Newton's first law of motion
=> Newton's second law of motion
=> Impulsive force and Impulse of a force
=> Newton's third Law of motion
=> Applications of Newton s third law of motion
=> Proof and Applications of Law of conservation of momentum
=> Concurrent forces and Coplanar forces
=> Parallelogram and Triangle law of forces
=> Experimental verification of triangle law, parallelogram law and Lami's theorem
=> Uniform circular motion
=> Relation between linear velocity and angular velocity
=> Centripetal acceleration, Centripetal force and Centripetal reaction
=> Applications of centripetal forces
=> Banking of curved roads and tracks and Condition for skidding
=> Motion in a vertical circle
=> Motion on a level circular road
=> Work : Work done by a constant force and variable force
=> Potential energy and Kinetic energy
=> Principle of work and energy (work - energy theorem) Statement
=> Conservative forces and non-conservative forces
=> Collision: Types - Elastic collision and Inelastic collision

Dynamics of Rotational Motion

=> Centre of mass
=> Centre of gravity
=> Equilibrium of bodies and types of equilibrium
=> Rotational motion of rigid bodies
=> Rotational kinetic energy and moment of inertia of a rigid body
=> Theorems of moment of inertia : Perpendicular and Parallel axes theorem
=> Moment of a force
=> Couple and moment of the couple (Torque)
=> Angular momentum of a rigid body
=> Relation between torque and angular acceleration
=> Conservation of angular momentum with Illustration

Gravitation and Space Science

=> Newton's law of gravitation
=> Acceleration due to gravity
=> Acceleration due to gravity at the surface of the Earth
=> Variation of acceleration due to gravity
=> Gravitational field: potential difference and potential energy
=> Inertial mass and Gravitational mass
=> Escape speed derivation and with the atmosphere of a planet
=> Satellites: Orbital velocity, Time period and Energy
=> Geo-stationary satellites and Polar satellites
=> Uses of satellites
=> Indian space programme: List of Indian satellites and Indian Launch Vehicles (Rockets)
=> Weightlessness, Rockets - principle and Types of fuels
=> The Solar system
=> Kepler's laws of planetary motion: The law of orbits, areas, periods
=> Size, Surface temperatures, Mass, Atmosphere of the planets
=> Conditions for life on any planet
=> Asteroids, Comets, Meteors and Meteorites inthe Solar system
=> Stars, Constellations, Galaxy in the Solar system
=> Milky Way galaxy
=> Origin of the Universe

Mechanics of Solids and Fluids

=> Mechanics of Solids and Fluids
=> Intermolecular or interatomic forces
=> Elasticity: Stress, strain Elastic limit, Hooke's law
=> Experimental verification of Hooke's law
=> Study of stress - strain relationship
=> Three moduli of elasticity
=> Relation between the three moduli of elasticity
=> Determination of Young's modulusby Searle's method
=> Applications of modulus of elasticity
=> Pressure due to a liquid column
=> Pascal's law and effect of gravity
=> Applications of Pascal's law: Hydraulic lift and brake
=> Co-efficient of viscosity
=> Viscosity: Streamline flow and Turbulent flow
=> Stoke's law (for highly viscous liquids)
=> Determination of coefficient of viscosity of water by Poiseuille's flow method
=> Surface tension: Intermolecular, Cohesive, Adhesive force
=> Experiments to demonstrate surface tension
=> Molecular theory of surface tension
=> Fluid Surface energy and surface tension
=> Pressure difference and pressure inside a liquid drop and a soap bubble
=> Capillarity and Illustrations of capillarity
=> Experimental determination of surface tension of water by capillary rise method
=> Factors affecting and Applications surface tension
=> Total energy of a liquid: Pressure, Kineti, Potential energy
=> Fluid Equation of continuity
=> Bernoulli's theorem
=> Application of Bernoulli's theorem


=> The projection of uniform circular motion on a diameter is SHM
=> Important terms in simple harmonic motion
=> Dynamics of harmonic oscillations
=> Angular harmonic oscillator
=> Horizontal and Vertical oscillations of spring
=> Oscillation of liquid column in a U - tube
=> Oscillations of a simple pendulum
=> Laws of pendulum
=> Kinetic and Potential in simple harmonic motion
=> Types of oscillations

Wave Motion

=> Characteristics of wave motion
=> Mechanical wave motion - Transverse and Longitudinal wave motion
=> Relationship between velocity, frequency and wavelength of a wave
=> Velocity of wave in different media
=> Laplace?s correction
=> Factors affecting velocity of sound in gases
=> Equation of a plane progressive wave
=> Characteristics of progressive wave
=> Progressive wave : Intensity and sound level
=> Applications of reflection of sound waves
=> Applications of refraction of sound
=> Superposition principle of waves
=> Interference of waves
=> Experimental demonstration of interference of sound
=> Beats - Analytical method and Uses of beats
=> Analytical method and Characteristics of stationary waves
=> Standing waves in strings - Sonometer
=> Vibrations of air column in Organ pipes
=> Resonance air column apparatus
=> Doppler effect : Different cases and Applications

Heat and Thermodynamics

=> Heat and Thermodynamics - Introduction
=> Postulates of Kinetic theory of gases
=> Pressure exerted by a gas
=> Degrees of freedom of molecule
=> Law of equipartition of energy
=> Thermal equilibrium
=> Molar specific heat capacity of a gas
=> First law of thermodynamics
=> Relation between Cp and Cv (Meyer's relation)
=> Indicator diagram (P-V diagram)
=> Isothermal process and Workdone in an isothermal expansion
=> Adiabatic process and Work done in an adiabatic expansion
=> Thermodynamic : Reversible and irreversible processes
=> Second law of thermodynamics- Kelvin's, Clausius, Kelvin - Planck's statement
=> Carnot engine - Essential parts, Working, four stages of operations
=> Refrigerator : Coefficient of performance and Inferences
=> Transfer of heat - Conduction, Convection, Radiation
=> Perfect black body
=> Experimental verification of Newton's law of cooling
=> Surface temperature of the Sun
=> Angstrom pyrheliometer

Ray Optics

=> Reflection of light
=> Image in a plane mirror
=> Reflection at curved surfaces
=> Total internal reflection
=> Applications of Total internal reflection
=> Michelson's method
=> Importance of velocity of light
=> Refraction of light
=> Refraction at a spherical surface
=> Lens maker's formula and lens formula and Magnification
=> Combination of thin lenses in contact
=> Refraction of light through a prism
=> Dispersion of light and Dispersive power
=> Spectrometer
=> Basic Parts and Adjustments of the spectrometer
=> Determination of the refractive index of the material of the prism
=> Formation of rainbows


=> Earth?s magnetic field and magnetic elements
=> Basic properties of magnets
=> Force between two magnetic poles
=> Magnetic induction at a point along the axial line due to a magnetic dipole (Bar magnet)
=> Magnetic induction at a point along the equatorial line of a bar magnet
=> Mapping of magnetic field due to a bar magnet
=> Torque on a bar magnet placed in a uniform magnetic field
=> Tangent law
=> End-on (or) Tan A position- Deflection magnetometer
=> Broad?side on (or) Tan B position - Deflection magnetometer
=> Magnetic properties of materials
=> Properties of diamagnetic, paramagnetic, ferromagnetic substances
=> Hysteresis and Hysteresis loss
=> Uses of ferromagnetic materials

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