Commerce 12th Std

Online Study, Important Questions with Answer Key, Question Papers, Textbook, Study Material

Online Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki and important questions and answers

Commerce 12th Std

UNIT I: Management Process

Chapter 1: Principles of Management

=> Principles of Management
=> Concept of Management
=> Definitions of Management
=> Management is differ from Administration
=> Management Process
=> Principles of Scientific Management
=> Principles of Modern Management
=> Span of management

Chapter 2: Functions of Management

=> Functions of Management
=> Main Functions of management
=> Subsidiary Functions of management

Chapter 3: Management By Objectives (MBO) Management By Exception (MBE)

=> Meaning and Definition of MBO
=> Objectives of MBO
=> Features of MBO
=> Process of MBO
=> Advantages of MBO
=> Disadvantages of MBO
=> Meaning of MBE
=> Process of MBE
=> Advantages of MBE
=> Disadvantages of MBE

UNIT II : Financial Markets I

Chapter 4: Introduction to Financial Markets

=> Introduction to Financial Markets
=> Meaning and Definition of Financial Market
=> Scope of Indian Financial Market
=> Types of Financial Markets
=> Role of Financial Market
=> Functions of Financial Markets
=> New Issue Market (NIM) Vs. Secondary Market

Chapter 5: Capital Market

=> Capital Market
=> Meaning and Definition of Capital Market
=> Characteristics of Capital Market
=> Kinds of Capital Market
=> Functions and Importance of Capital Market
=> Indian Capital Market - Evolution and Growth
=> New Financial Institutions

Chapter 6: Money Market

=> Meaning and Definition of Money Market
=> Objectives and Characteristics of Money Market
=> Money Market vs. Capital Market
=> Participants in Money Markets
=> Money Market Instruments

UNIT III : Financial Markets II

Chapter 7: Stock Exchange

=> Stock Exchange
=> Origin, Meaning, Definition of Stock Exchange
=> Functions of Stock Exchange
=> Features of Stock Exchange
=> Benefits and Limitations of Stock Exchange
=> Stock Exchanges In India
=> Types of Speculators in stock market
=> Stock Exchange Vs Commodity Exchange
=> Feature of Stock Exchange and Commodity Exchange
=> Recent Development in Stock Exchange
=> Do You Know - Stock Exchange

Chapter 8: Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI)

=> Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
=> Objectives of SEBI
=> Functions of SEBI
=> Powers of SEBI
=> Dematerialization (DEMAT)
=> Benefits of Dematerialization (DEMAT)

UNIT IV : Human Resource Management

Chapter 9: Fundamentals of Human Resource Management

=> Fundamentals of Human Resource Management
=> Meaning and Definition of Human Resource
=> Characteristics of Human Resources
=> Significance of Human Resources
=> Meaning and Definition of Human Resource Management
=> Features of Human Resource Management
=> Significance of Human Resource Management
=> Functions of Human Resource Management

Chapter 10: Recruitment Methods

=> Meaning and Definition of Recruitment
=> Recruitment Process
=> Sources of Recruitment
=> Recent Trends in Recruitment

Chapter 11: Employee Selection process

=> Meaning and definition of Employee Selection process
=> Steps in Employee Selection Process
=> Factors influencing Employee Selection process
=> Importance of Employee Selection process
=> Employee Selection differs from Recruitment
=> Placement
=> Significance of Placement
=> Principles of Placement

Chapter 12: Employee Training Method

=> Employee Training Method
=> Purpose of Training or Need for Training
=> Steps in Designing a Training Programme
=> Employee Training Methods
=> On the Job Training
=> Off the Job Training
=> Difference Between on the Job Training and off the Job Training
=> Benefits of Training

UNIT V : Elements of Marketing

Chapter 13: Concept of Market and Marketer

=> Meaning and Definition of Market
=> Need for Market
=> Classification of Markets
=> Meaning and Definition of Marketer
=> What can be Marketed ?
=> Role of a Marketer
=> Functions of Marketer

Chapter 14: Marketing and Marketing Mix

=> Marketing and Marketing Mix
=> Evolution of Marketing
=> Marketing Concepts
=> Definition of Marketing
=> Objectives of Marketing
=> Importance of Marketing
=> Functions of Marketing
=> Meaning and Definition of Marketing Mix
=> Elements of Marketing of Mix
=> Marketing Mix Matrix

Chapter 15: Recent Trends in Marketing

=> Recent Trends in Marketing
=> E-Marketing
=> E-Tailing
=> Green Marketing
=> Social Marketing
=> Rural Marketing
=> Service Marketing
=> Commodity Exchanges
=> Niche Marketing
=> Viral Marketing
=> Ambush Marketing
=> Guerrilla Marketing
=> Multilevel Marketing
=> Referral Marketing
=> Content Marketing

UNIT VI : Consumer Protection

Chapter 16: Consumerism

=> Consumerism
=> Consumer
=> Consumer Exploitation
=> Concept of Consumerism
=> Importance of Consumerism
=> Origin, Evolution, and Growth of Consumerism
=> Consumer Protection
=> Need for Consumer Protection
=> Consumer Legislation
=> The Consumer Protection Act 1986 (COPRA)
=> Caveat Emptor
=> Caveat Venditor

Chapter 17: Rights, Duties and Responsibilities of Consumers

=> Rights, Duties and Responsibilities of Consumers
=> Rights of Consumer
=> Duties of Consumers
=> Responsibilities of Consumer

Chapter 18: Grievance and Redressal Mechanism

=> Grievance and Redressal Mechanism
=> District Forum
=> State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission or State Commission
=> National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC) or National Commission
=> Voluntary Organizations for Consumer Awareness

UNIT VII : Business Environment

Chapter 19: Environmental Factors

=> Environmental Factors
=> Meaning and Definition of Business Environment
=> Types of Business Environment
=> Future environment of business-VUCA
=> Corporate Governance
=> GST Goods and Services Tax

Chapter 20: Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization

=> Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization
=> Dimensions of New Economic Policy
=> Meaning and forms of Liberalization
=> Advantages and Disadvantages of Liberlization
=> Impact of Liberalization
=> Meaning and forms of Privatization
=> Advantages and Disadvantages of Privatization
=> Impact of Privatization
=> Meaning and Forms of Globalization
=> Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization
=> Impact of Globalization
=> Highlights of the LPG Policy


Chapter 21: The Sale of Goods Act 1930

=> The Sale of Goods Act 1930
=> Formation of Contract of Sale
=> Difference between Sale and Agreement to Sell
=> Types of Goods
=> Transfer of Ownership
=> Conditions and Warranties
=> Rights of an Unpaid Seller

Chapter 22: The Negotiable Instruments Act 1881

=> The Negotiable Instruments Act 1881
=> Negotiable Instruments - Meaning, Characteristics, Assumptions
=> Negotiability and Assignability
=> Bills of Exchange, Cheque, Promissory Note - Comparison
=> Crossing of Cheque
=> Endorsements

UNIT IX : Entrepreneurship Development

Chapter 23: Elements of Entrepreneurship

=> Elements of Entrepreneurship
=> Entrepreneurship - Meaning, Concept and Definition
=> Characteristics of Entrepreneur
=> Importance of Entrepreneurship
=> Entrepreneur, Intrapreneur and Manager - a Comparison
=> Women Entrepreneurs
=> Entrepreneurial Functions

Chapter 24: Types of Entrepreneurs

=> Types of Entrepreneurs
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs According to Function
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs According to Type of Business
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs based on Technology Adopted
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs in Terms of Motivation
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs Based on Development Stage
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs According to Area
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs According to Ownership

Chapter 25: Government Schemes for Entrepreneurial Development

=> Government Schemes for Entrepreneurial Development
=> India’s efforts at Promoting Entrepreneurship and Innovations
=> Other Specific Entrepreneurship Schemes
=> Steps in Promoting an Entrepreneurial Venture
=> Government of Tamil Nadu - Entrepreneurial schemes for Entrepreneurial Development

UNIT X : Company Law and Secretarial Practice

Chapter 26: Companies Act 2013

=> Companies Act 2013
=> Evolution & History of Company Law in India
=> The Companies Act 2013
=> Meaning and Definition of a Company
=> Formation/Incorporation of a Company
=> Share and Share Capital
=> Issue of shares, Bonus shares and Right shares
=> Share Certificate and Share Warrant
=> Share and Stock
=> Debentures
=> Distinction Between Debentures and Shares

Chapter 27: Company Management

=> Company Management
=> Meaning and Definition of Directors
=> Key- Managerial Personnel of a Company
=> Board of Directors
=> Types of Directors as per Companies Act 2013
=> Number of Directors Required
=> Legal Position of Director
=> Appointment of Directors under Companies Act 2013 - Section 152
=> Qualifications of Director
=> Disqualifications of a director
=> Removal of Director
=> Remuneration of Director
=> Powers of Director
=> Rights of Director
=> Duties of Director
=> Liabilities of director
=> Directorial Register or Register of directors and KMPs (Rule 17)
=> Differences betweeen Manager Vs Director
=> Differences betweeen Managing Director Vs Whole time Director

Chapter 28: Company Secretary

=> Company Secretary
=> Qualifications of Company Secretary
=> Appointment of Company Secretary
=> Functions/ Duties of Company Secretary
=> Powers and Rights of Company Secretary
=> Removal / Dismissal of Company Secretary
=> Company Meetings
=> Kinds of Company Meetings
=> Kinds of Resolution
=> Voting and Procedures of Voting
=> Specimen Notice of Statutory Meeting, Proxy form

Privacy Policy, Terms and Conditions, DMCA Policy and Compliant, Contact

Copyright © 2018-2023; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.