Commerce 12th Std

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Commerce 12th Std

UNIT I: Management Process

Chapter 1: Principles of Management


=> Principles of Management
=> Concept of Management
=> Definitions of Management
=> Management is differ from Administration
=> Management Process
=> Principles of Scientific Management
=> Principles of Modern Management
=> Span of management

Chapter 2: Functions of Management


=> Functions of Management
=> Main Functions of management
=> Subsidiary Functions of management

Chapter 3: Management By Objectives (MBO) Management By Exception (MBE)


=> Meaning and Definition of MBO
=> Objectives of MBO
=> Features of MBO
=> Process of MBO
=> Advantages of MBO
=> Disadvantages of MBO
=> Meaning of MBE
=> Process of MBE
=> Advantages of MBE
=> Disadvantages of MBE

UNIT II : Financial Markets I

Chapter 4: Introduction to Financial Markets


=> Introduction to Financial Markets
=> Meaning and Definition of Financial Market
=> Scope of Indian Financial Market
=> Types of Financial Markets
=> Role of Financial Market
=> Functions of Financial Markets
=> New Issue Market (NIM) Vs. Secondary Market

Chapter 5: Capital Market


=> Capital Market
=> Meaning and Definition of Capital Market
=> Characteristics of Capital Market
=> Kinds of Capital Market
=> Functions and Importance of Capital Market
=> Indian Capital Market - Evolution and Growth
=> New Financial Institutions

Chapter 6: Money Market


=> Meaning and Definition of Money Market
=> Objectives and Characteristics of Money Market
=> Money Market vs. Capital Market
=> Participants in Money Markets
=> Money Market Instruments

UNIT III : Financial Markets II

Chapter 7: Stock Exchange


=> Stock Exchange
=> Origin, Meaning, Definition of Stock Exchange
=> Functions of Stock Exchange
=> Features of Stock Exchange
=> Benefits and Limitations of Stock Exchange
=> Stock Exchanges In India
=> Types of Speculators in stock market
=> Stock Exchange Vs Commodity Exchange
=> Feature of Stock Exchange and Commodity Exchange
=> Recent Development in Stock Exchange
=> Do You Know - Stock Exchange

Chapter 8: Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI)


=> Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
=> Objectives of SEBI
=> Functions of SEBI
=> Powers of SEBI
=> Dematerialization (DEMAT)
=> Benefits of Dematerialization (DEMAT)

UNIT IV : Human Resource Management

Chapter 9: Fundamentals of Human Resource Management


=> Fundamentals of Human Resource Management
=> Meaning and Definition of Human Resource
=> Characteristics of Human Resources
=> Significance of Human Resources
=> Meaning and Definition of Human Resource Management
=> Features of Human Resource Management
=> Significance of Human Resource Management
=> Functions of Human Resource Management

Chapter 10: Recruitment Methods


=> Meaning and Definition of Recruitment
=> Recruitment Process
=> Sources of Recruitment
=> Recent Trends in Recruitment

Chapter 11: Employee Selection process


=> Meaning and definition of Employee Selection process
=> Steps in Employee Selection Process
=> Factors influencing Employee Selection process
=> Importance of Employee Selection process
=> Employee Selection differs from Recruitment
=> Placement
=> Significance of Placement
=> Principles of Placement

Chapter 12: Employee Training Method


=> Employee Training Method
=> Purpose of Training or Need for Training
=> Steps in Designing a Training Programme
=> Employee Training Methods
=> On the Job Training
=> Off the Job Training
=> Difference Between on the Job Training and off the Job Training
=> Benefits of Training

UNIT V : Elements of Marketing

Chapter 13: Concept of Market and Marketer


=> Meaning and Definition of Market
=> Need for Market
=> Classification of Markets
=> Meaning and Definition of Marketer
=> What can be Marketed ?
=> Role of a Marketer
=> Functions of Marketer

Chapter 14: Marketing and Marketing Mix


=> Marketing and Marketing Mix
=> Evolution of Marketing
=> Marketing Concepts
=> Definition of Marketing
=> Objectives of Marketing
=> Importance of Marketing
=> Functions of Marketing
=> Meaning and Definition of Marketing Mix
=> Elements of Marketing of Mix
=> Marketing Mix Matrix

Chapter 15: Recent Trends in Marketing


=> Recent Trends in Marketing
=> E-Marketing
=> E-Tailing
=> Green Marketing
=> Social Marketing
=> Rural Marketing
=> Service Marketing
=> Commodity Exchanges
=> Niche Marketing
=> Viral Marketing
=> Ambush Marketing
=> Guerrilla Marketing
=> Multilevel Marketing
=> Referral Marketing
=> Content Marketing

UNIT VI : Consumer Protection

Chapter 16: Consumerism


=> Consumerism
=> Consumer
=> Consumer Exploitation
=> Concept of Consumerism
=> Importance of Consumerism
=> Origin, Evolution, and Growth of Consumerism
=> Consumer Protection
=> Need for Consumer Protection
=> Consumer Legislation
=> The Consumer Protection Act 1986 (COPRA)
=> Caveat Emptor
=> Caveat Venditor

Chapter 17: Rights, Duties and Responsibilities of Consumers


=> Rights, Duties and Responsibilities of Consumers
=> Rights of Consumer
=> Duties of Consumers
=> Responsibilities of Consumer

Chapter 18: Grievance and Redressal Mechanism


=> Grievance and Redressal Mechanism
=> District Forum
=> State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission or State Commission
=> National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC) or National Commission
=> Voluntary Organizations for Consumer Awareness

UNIT VII : Business Environment

Chapter 19: Environmental Factors


=> Environmental Factors
=> Meaning and Definition of Business Environment
=> Types of Business Environment
=> Future environment of business-VUCA
=> Corporate Governance
=> GST Goods and Services Tax

Chapter 20: Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization


=> Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization
=> Dimensions of New Economic Policy
=> Meaning and forms of Liberalization
=> Advantages and Disadvantages of Liberlization
=> Impact of Liberalization
=> Meaning and forms of Privatization
=> Advantages and Disadvantages of Privatization
=> Impact of Privatization
=> Meaning and Forms of Globalization
=> Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization
=> Impact of Globalization
=> Highlights of the LPG Policy

UNIT VIII : THE SALE OF GOODS ACT, 1930 AND THE NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS ACT, 1881

Chapter 21: The Sale of Goods Act 1930


=> The Sale of Goods Act 1930
=> Formation of Contract of Sale
=> Difference between Sale and Agreement to Sell
=> Types of Goods
=> Transfer of Ownership
=> Conditions and Warranties
=> Rights of an Unpaid Seller

Chapter 22: The Negotiable Instruments Act 1881


=> The Negotiable Instruments Act 1881
=> Negotiable Instruments - Meaning, Characteristics, Assumptions
=> Negotiability and Assignability
=> Bills of Exchange, Cheque, Promissory Note - Comparison
=> Crossing of Cheque
=> Endorsements

UNIT IX : Entrepreneurship Development

Chapter 23: Elements of Entrepreneurship


=> Elements of Entrepreneurship
=> Entrepreneurship - Meaning, Concept and Definition
=> Characteristics of Entrepreneur
=> Importance of Entrepreneurship
=> Entrepreneur, Intrapreneur and Manager - a Comparison
=> Women Entrepreneurs
=> Entrepreneurial Functions

Chapter 24: Types of Entrepreneurs


=> Types of Entrepreneurs
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs According to Function
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs According to Type of Business
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs based on Technology Adopted
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs in Terms of Motivation
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs Based on Development Stage
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs According to Area
=> Classification of Entrepreneurs According to Ownership

Chapter 25: Government Schemes for Entrepreneurial Development


=> Government Schemes for Entrepreneurial Development
=> India’s efforts at Promoting Entrepreneurship and Innovations
=> Other Specific Entrepreneurship Schemes
=> Steps in Promoting an Entrepreneurial Venture
=> Government of Tamil Nadu - Entrepreneurial schemes for Entrepreneurial Development

UNIT X : Company Law and Secretarial Practice

Chapter 26: Companies Act 2013


=> Companies Act 2013
=> Evolution & History of Company Law in India
=> The Companies Act 2013
=> Meaning and Definition of a Company
=> Formation/Incorporation of a Company
=> Share and Share Capital
=> Issue of shares, Bonus shares and Right shares
=> Share Certificate and Share Warrant
=> Share and Stock
=> Debentures
=> Distinction Between Debentures and Shares

Chapter 27: Company Management


=> Company Management
=> Meaning and Definition of Directors
=> Key- Managerial Personnel of a Company
=> Board of Directors
=> Types of Directors as per Companies Act 2013
=> Number of Directors Required
=> Legal Position of Director
=> Appointment of Directors under Companies Act 2013 - Section 152
=> Qualifications of Director
=> Disqualifications of a director
=> Removal of Director
=> Remuneration of Director
=> Powers of Director
=> Rights of Director
=> Duties of Director
=> Liabilities of director
=> Directorial Register or Register of directors and KMPs (Rule 17)
=> Differences betweeen Manager Vs Director
=> Differences betweeen Managing Director Vs Whole time Director

Chapter 28: Company Secretary


=> Company Secretary
=> Qualifications of Company Secretary
=> Appointment of Company Secretary
=> Functions/ Duties of Company Secretary
=> Powers and Rights of Company Secretary
=> Removal / Dismissal of Company Secretary
=> Company Meetings
=> Kinds of Company Meetings
=> Kinds of Resolution
=> Voting and Procedures of Voting
=> Specimen Notice of Statutory Meeting, Proxy form



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