Various methods of training are used to train the employees. It is varying from one organization to another. Various factors like skill requirement, qualification of the candidates, cost and time availability and indepth knowledge should be considered before adopting any given method. There are two principal methods of employee training which are used by the organization as given in the figure.
(I) On the Job Training
On the job training refers to the training which is
given to the employee at the work place by his immediate supervisor. In an
other words the employee learns the job in the actual work environment. It is
based on the principle of “Learning by Doing and Learning While Earning”. On
the job training is suitable for imparting skills that can be learnt in a
relatively short period of time. The following are the on the job training
In the coaching method of training, the superior
teaches or guides the new employee about the knowledge and skills relevant to a
given job. In this method superior plays the role of coach or guide and an
instructor. Under this method the superior should point out mistakes/lapses
committed by the new worker and also advise the remedial measures, to trainees.
The trainees can clear their doubts then and there.
Mentoring is the process of sharing knowledge and
experience of an employee. The focus in this training is on the development of
attitude of trainees. It is mostly used for managerial employees. Mentoring is
always done by senior person, it is also one-to-one interaction ,like coaching.
Besides the mentor is responsible for the providing necessary support to
trainees, and feedback on the performance of trainee.
Job rotation is an important method for broadening
the knowledge of executives. Under this method a trainee is periodically
shifted from one work to another work and from one department / division to
another department / division for a particular period of time. The main aim of
job rotation is to expose the employee to various inter related jobs.
In this method, a trainer at the supervisory level
gives some instructions to an employees to how to perform his job and its
The apprentice or trainee learns the job knowledge
and skills from the trainer or superior or senior worker. Generally the apprenticeship
training is given to the technical cader like that Mechanics, Electricians,
Craftsmen, Welders, Fitter etc., This duration of this training programme
ranges from one to five years. The trainee gets the stipend during the training
When employees are assigned to committee to address
a particular issue, they are able to work closely with other members and
committee leader. They gain more knowledge by observing and participating in
decision making process.
A superior gives training to a subordinates or
understudy like an assistant to a manager or director. The subordinates learn
through experience and observation by participating in handling day to day
problems. Basic purpose of internship training is to prepare subordinate for
assuming the full responsibilities and duties.