Various methods of training are used to train the employees. It is varying from one organization to another. Various factors like skill requirement, qualification of the candidates, cost and time availability and indepth knowledge should be considered before adopting any given method. There are two principal methods of employee training which are used by the organization as given in the figure.
(I) On the Job Training
On the job training refers to the training which is given to the employee at the work place by his immediate supervisor. In an other words the employee learns the job in the actual work environment. It is based on the principle of “Learning by Doing and Learning While Earning”. On the job training is suitable for imparting skills that can be learnt in a relatively short period of time. The following are the on the job training methods.
In the coaching method of training, the superior teaches or guides the new employee about the knowledge and skills relevant to a given job. In this method superior plays the role of coach or guide and an instructor. Under this method the superior should point out mistakes/lapses committed by the new worker and also advise the remedial measures, to trainees. The trainees can clear their doubts then and there.
Mentoring is the process of sharing knowledge and experience of an employee. The focus in this training is on the development of attitude of trainees. It is mostly used for managerial employees. Mentoring is always done by senior person, it is also one-to-one interaction ,like coaching. Besides the mentor is responsible for the providing necessary support to trainees, and feedback on the performance of trainee.
Job rotation is an important method for broadening the knowledge of executives. Under this method a trainee is periodically shifted from one work to another work and from one department / division to another department / division for a particular period of time. The main aim of job rotation is to expose the employee to various inter related jobs.
In this method, a trainer at the supervisory level gives some instructions to an employees to how to perform his job and its purpose.
The apprentice or trainee learns the job knowledge and skills from the trainer or superior or senior worker. Generally the apprenticeship training is given to the technical cader like that Mechanics, Electricians, Craftsmen, Welders, Fitter etc., This duration of this training programme ranges from one to five years. The trainee gets the stipend during the training period.
When employees are assigned to committee to address a particular issue, they are able to work closely with other members and committee leader. They gain more knowledge by observing and participating in decision making process.
A superior gives training to a subordinates or understudy like an assistant to a manager or director. The subordinates learn through experience and observation by participating in handling day to day problems. Basic purpose of internship training is to prepare subordinate for assuming the full responsibilities and duties.