Indian Capital Market - Evolution and Growth
The period between 1947 and 1973 marked the development of infrastructure for capital market. During this period, a network of development financial institutions such as IFCI, ICICI, IDBI and UTI, SFCs and SIDCs were established. These financial institutions strengthened the capital market.
During the period between 1980 and 1992, debenture emerged as a powerful instrument of resource mobilization in the primary market. The public sector bonds were introduced. A number of stock exchanges came into existence. There was a momentous growth in the secondary market.
SEBI emerged as an effective regulatory body for the primary and secondary markets and afford a measure of protection to small investors. New financial services such as credit rating was introduced.NI
A number of committees were constituted in order to suggest measures to revamp and restructure the working of the secondary market and cause buoyancy in the primary market. Some of these committees were: Committee on Organization and Management of Stock Exchange, Working group on the Development of the Capital Market, A Study Group for Guidelines Relating to Valuation and New Instruments, A High Powered Study Group on Establishment of New Stock Exchange, A Committee on Trading in Public Sector Bonds and Units of Mutual Funds.