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1st year 2017 regulation sylabus

Basic Electrical and Instrumentation Engineering - BE8254

Basic Electrical and Instrumentation Engineering

UNIT I AC CIRCUITS AND POWER SYSTEMS


-:- Magnetic Circuits and Magnetic Materials
-:- Laws Governing Magnetic Circuits
-:- Flux Linkage, Inductance and Energy
-:- Statically and Dynamically Induced Emf
-:- Properties of Magnetic Materials
-:- Iron or Core losses
-:- AC Operation of Magnetic Circuits
-:- Transformer as a Magnetically Coupled Circuit
-:- Solved problems - Magnetic Circuits and Magnetic Materials
-:- Important Short Questions and Answers : Electrical machines - Magnetic Circuits and Magnetic Materials

UNIT II TRANSFORMER


-:- Transformer - Electrical Engineering and Instrumentation
-:- Single Phase Transformer Construction and Principle of Operation
-:- EMF Equation of Transformer
-:- Transformer on No-Load
-:- Transformer on Load
-:- Equivalent Circuit of Transformer
-:- Regulation of Transformer
-:- Transformer Losses and Efficiency
-:- All Day Efficiency of Transformer
-:- Auto Transformer
-:- Solved Problems: Electrical Engineering and Instrumentation - Transformer
-:- Important Short Questions and Answers: Electrical Engineering and Instrumentation - Transformer

REFER


-:- Transformer: Principle of Operation
-:- An ideal Transformer: Principle of Operation
-:- Induction Law - Transformer
-:- Equivalent Circuit of Transformer
-:- Transformer Losses
-:- Transformer Tests
-:- Efficiency of a Transformer
-:- Voltage Regulation of Transformer
-:- Auto Transformer
-:- Three-phase autotransformer connection
-:- Parallel Operation of Transformers
-:- Tap Changing in Transformer
-:- Solved Problems - Transformer - Electrical machines
-:- Important Short Questions and Answers: Electrical machines - Transformer

UNIT III DC MACHINES


-:- Three Phase Circuits, A Review
-:- Construction of DC Machines
-:- Theory of Operation of DC Generators
-:- Characteristics of DC Generators
-:- Operating Principle of DC Motors and Torque Equation
-:- Types of DC Motors and their Characteristics
-:- Speed Control of DC Motors
-:- Application of DC Motor
-:- Solved Problems: Electrical Engineering and Instrumentation - DC Machines
-:- Important Short Questions and Answers: Electrical Engineering and Instrumentation - DC Machines

REFER


-:- Construction of DC Machines
-:- Lap Winding
-:- Wave Winding
-:- EMF Equation of DC Generators
-:- Armature reaction
-:- Methods of excitation of the field windings
-:- Methods of Excitation used for DC Generator
-:- Commutation and Interpoles
-:- DC Generator Characteristics
-:- Important short questions and answers: DC Generators
-:- Principle of operation of a D.C. Motor
-:- Working of D.C. Motor
-:- Types of DC Motors
-:- DC Motor Characteristics
-:- Speed Control of DC Shunt Motor: Varying Armature Resistance, Field Resistance
-:- Starting of DC Motors
-:- Three Point Starter: Working principle
-:- Four Point Starter
-:- Swinburne’s Test
-:- Hopkinson’s test: Procedure, Calculation of efficiency, Advantages, Disadvantages
-:- Braking of DC shunt motor
-:- Important Short questions and answers: DC Motor - Electrical machines

UNIT IV AC MACHINES


-:- Types, Construction and Working of 3 Phase Induction Motor
-:- Equivalent Circuit of Induction Motor
-:- Construction of Single-Phase Induction Motors
-:- Types of Single Phase Induction Motors and Double Revolving Field Theory
-:- Starting Methods of Induction Motor
-:- Types, Construction and Working Principle of Synchronous Generator or Alternator
-:- Equation of Induced EMF - Synchronous Generator or Alternator
-:- Voltage Regulation - Synchronous Generator or Alternator
-:- Working Principle and Methods of Starting of Synchronous Motors
-:- V Curves
-:- Important Short Questions and Answers: Induction Machines and Synchronous Machines

REFER


-:- Fundamental Principles of A.C. Machines
-:- E.M.F. equation of an elementary alternator single phase
-:- E.M.F. equation of an elementary alternator three phase
-:- Relation between speed and frequency
-:- Factors affecting the induced emf (Coil Pitch and Distributed Windings) - Synchronous Generator
-:- Armature Reaction - Synchronous Generator
-:- Synchronous Generators
-:- Open circuit characteristic (OCC) and Short Circuit Characteristics (SCC) of a Synchronous generator
-:- Armature Reaction Reactance - Synchronous Generators
-:- Synchronous reactance
-:- Short Circuit Ratio (SCR) - Synchronous Generator
-:- Load Characteristics - Synchronous Generator
-:- Potier Reactance - Synchronous Generator
-:- Voltage Regulation - Synchronous Generator
-:- Methods of finding Voltage Regulation in Synchronous Generator
-:- Power angle characteristics
-:- Salient pole alternators and Blondel's Two Reaction Theory
-:- Direct-axis and Quadrature-axis Synchronous Reactances
-:- Power Angle Characteristic of Salient Pole Machine
-:- Slip Test
-:- Parallel Operation of Alternators
-:- Synchronizing Current
-:- Effect of Change of Excitation
-:- Effect of Change of Input Torque
-:- Sharing of load when two alternators are in parallel
-:- Prime-mover Governor Characteristic
-:- Important Short Questions and Answers: Synchronous Generator
-:- Synchronous Motors: Construction, Operating Principle, Equivalent Circuit
-:- Phasor Diagram - Synchronous Motors
-:- Torque and Power Relations
-:- V-Curves and Inverted V-Curves
-:- Effect of Changing Field Excitation at Constant Load
-:- Synchronous Condenser and its Advantages, Disadvantages
-:- Methods of starting synchronous motor
-:- Performance Characteristic of Synchronous Motors
-:- Hunting and Damper Winding
-:- Synchronous Induction Motor
-:- Important Short Questions and Answers: Synchronous Motors
-:- Three Phase Induction Motor
-:- Types and Construction of Three Phase Induction Motor
-:- Squirrel cage Induction Motors
-:- Slip ring Induction Motors
-:- Principle of Operation - Three Phase Induction Motor
-:- Rotating Magnetic Field and Induced Voltages
-:- Alternate Analysis for Rotating Magnetic Field
-:- Phasor Diagram of Three Phase Induction Motor
-:- Equivalent Circuit of Three Phase Induction Motor
-:- Power and Torque Relations of Three Phase Induction Motor
-:- Induction Motor Torque
-:- Rotor Output
-:- Circle Diagram - analyse the three phase induction motor performance
-:- Tests to Determine the Equivalent Circuit Parameters - Induction Motor
-:- Construction of Circle Diagram - Induction Motor
-:- Performance Characteristics of Three phase Induction Motor
-:- Operation with Unbalanced Supply Voltage on Polyphase Induction Motors
-:- Important Short Questions and Answers: Three Phase Induction Motor
-:- Methods of Starting Three Phase Induction Motors
-:- Starting of Slip-Ring Induction Motors
-:- Speed control of Three Phase Induction Motors
-:- Changing applied voltage - Speed control of Three Phase Induction Motors
-:- Rotor resistance control - Speed control of Three Phase Induction Motors
-:- Cascade control - Speed control of Three Phase Induction Motors
-:- Pole changing method - Speed control of Three Phase Induction Motors
-:- Stator frequency control - Speed control of Three Phase Induction Motors
-:- Power Stages in an Induction Motor
-:- Double Cage Induction Motor: Construction, Working
-:- Cogging and Crawling of Induction Motor
-:- Induction Generator
-:- Induction Generator advantages, disadvantages and Application
-:- Induction Motor Braking Regenerative Plugging Dynamic
-:- Important Short Questions and Answers: Starting and Speed Control of Three Phase Induction Motor

UNIT V MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION


-:- Transducers
-:- Classification of Electrical Transducers
-:- Advantages and Disadvantages of Electrical Transducers
-:- Characteristics of Transducer
-:- Transducer Selection Factors
-:- Resistance Transducers
-:- Resistance Thermometers: Construction, Advantages, Limitations
-:- Thermistors: Construction, Advantages, Limitations
-:- Capacitive Transducers and its Application
-:- Inductive Transducers
-:- Digital Transducers
-:- Static and Dynamic Characteristics of Measurement
-:- Errors in Measurement
-:- Strain gauge: Principle of Working, Materials Used, Applications
-:- Capacitive Transducers
-:- Piezo electric transducer
-:- Variable Inductive Transducers: LVDT and RVDT
-:- Important Short Questions and Answers: Basics of Measurement and Instrumentation

REFER


-:- D.C and A.C Bridges
-:- Wheatstone bridge(Null-type, D.C. bridge)
-:- Deflection-type D.C. bridge
-:- Null-type impedance A.C bridge
-:- Maxwell bridge: Definition, Circuit Diagram, Explanation, Advantages and Disadvantages
-:- Schering Bridge: Definition, Circuit Diagram, Explanation, Advantages
-:- Hay Bridge: Definition, Circuit Diagram, Explanation, Advantages and Disadvantages
-:- Wien bridge: Definition, Circuit Diagram, Explanation, Advantages
-:- Transformer Ratio Bridges & Self-Balancing Bridges
-:- Digital Voltmeter (DVM)
-:- Digital Multi Meter (DMM)
-:- Storage oscilloscope
-:- Wheat stone bridge and Kelvin’s double bridge
-:- Q-Meter
-:- Important Short Questions and Answers: Analog and Digital Instruments