Effect of Change of Input Torque
The amount of power output delivered by an alternator running in parallel with others is governed solely by the power input received from its prime mover. If two alternators only are operating in parallel the increase in power input may be accompanied by a minute increase in their speeds, causing a proportional rise in frequency. This can be corrected by reducing the power input to the other alternator, until the frequency is brought back to its original value. In practice, when load is transferred from one alternator to another, the power input to the alternator required to take additional load is increased, the power input to the other alternator being simultaneously decreased. In this way, the change in power output can be effected without measurable change in the frequency. The effect of increasing the input to one prime mover is, thus, seen to make its alternator take an increased share of the load, the other being relieved to a corresponding extent. The final power-factors are also altered, since the ratio of the reactive components of the load has also been changed. The power-factors of the two alternators can be brought back to their original values, if desired, by adjusting the excitations of alternators.