Chemistry - 1

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Chemistry

Inorganic Chemistry

Chemical Calculations


=> Chemical Calculations : Formula Weight (FW) or Formula Mass
=> Mole Concept and Molar Mass with Example Problems
=> Converting Grams of Substances to Moles and Grams with Solved Problems
=> Calculation of Empirical Formula from Quantitative Analysis and Percentage composition
=> Stoichiometry Equations
=> Rules for writing stoichiometric equations
=> Balancing chemical equation in its molecular form
=> General Rules for assigning Oxidation Number to an atom
=> Balancing Redox reaction by Oxidation Number Method
=> Methods of Expressing the concentration of solution
=> Volumetric Analysis - Law with Solved problem
=> Determination of equivalent masses of elements
=> Equivalent mass of acid, base, salt, oxidising agent and reducing agent
=> Determination of Molecular Mass Victor-Meyer's Method
=> Calculations based on Principle of Volumetric Analysis

General Introduction to Metallurgy


=> Metallurgy - Ores and Minerals
=> Sources from earth, living systems and in sea
=> Metallurgy - Purification of ores
=> Metallurgical processes
=> Metallurgy - Purification of metals

Atomic Structure I


=> Rutherford's Scattering Experiment
=> Defects of Rutherford's model
=> Postulates of Bohr's model of an atom
=> Limitation of Bohr's Theory
=> Electronic configuration and quantum numbers
=> Shapes or boundary surfaces of Orbitals
=> Pauli's exclusion principle and Uses
=> Hund's rule of maximum multiplicity
=> Aufbau Principle
=> Stability of orbitals

Periodic Classification I


=> Brief history of periodic classification
=> Earlier periodic classification
=> Modern Periodic Law
=> IUPAC Nomenclature for Elements with Z greater than 100
=> Electronic configuration and periodic table
=> Types of elements: s-, p-,d-, f- Blocks
=> Atomic and ionic radii
=> Variation of Ionization Energy in the periodic Table
=> Factors Influencing Ionization Enthalpy
=> Electron affinity
=> Electronegativity
=> Anomalous periodic properties in terms of screening constant, stability etc.

Group 1 sBlock elements


=> The structure of the three isotopes of hydrogen
=> Deuterium: Methods of Preparation, properties and Uses
=> Tritium - preparation, Properties, Uses
=> Ortho and Para hydrogen: Conversion and Properties
=> Heavy water: Preparation, Principle, Properties, Important reactions, Uses
=> Hydrogen peroxide: Preparation, Properties, reactions, Uses
=> Liquid hydrogen as a fuel
=> Alkali Metals: General characteristics, Physical Properties
=> Lithium : Extraction, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses
=> Sodium: Extraction, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses

Group 2 sBlock elements


=> Group 2 s - Block Elements
=> Magnesium: Important Ores, Metallurgy, Properties, Uses
=> Compounds of alkaline earth metals

pBlock elements


=> p-Block Elements - General Characteristics
=> Group 13 - Boron Group (B, Al, Ga, In, Tl): Extraction, Properties
=> Carbon group elements: properties, Structure, Uses
=> Structure of Diamond, Graphite, Buckminster fullerenes
=> Metallic character of Carbon group elements
=> Nitrogen Group
=> Nitric acid: Preparation, Properties
=> Importance of molecular oxygen
=> Oxygen: Oxides Classification
=> Ozone: Laboratory preparation, Properties, Uses, structure, layer
=> Factors affecting ozone layer

Physical Chemistry

Solid state I


=> Crystalline solids and Amorphous solids
=> Difference between Crystalline and Amorphous Solids
=> Characteristic parameters and seven classes of unit cell
=> Miller Indices

Gaseous state I


=> Properties of gases
=> The gas laws: Boyle's law and Charle's Law
=> Numerical values of gas constant (R)
=> Dalton's law of partial Pressures
=> Graham's Law of Diffusion
=> Causes for deviation of real gas from ideal behaviour
=> Vanderwaal's Equation of state : Units, Significance, Limitations
=> Gaseous state - Critical phenomena
=> Joule-Thomson Effect and Inversion temperature (Ti)
=> Conditions of liquefaction of gases: Linde's Method, Claude's process

Chemical Bonding


=> Elementary theories on Chemical Bonding
=> Kossel-Lewis approach to Chemical Bonding
=> Ionic (or) Electrovalent bond
=> Lattice energy and Born - Haber's cycle
=> Determination and Calculation of lattice enthalpy of NaCl
=> Properties of electrovalent (or) ionic compounds
=> Covalent bond: Lewis dot structure and Double bond formation
=> Characteristics of covalent compounds
=> Fajan's rules: Covalent character of ionic bonds
=> Polarity of Covalent Bonds
=> Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR) Theory
=> Directional Properties of Covalent Bonds
=> Theory of Hybridisation
=> Chemical Bonding: Concept of Resonance
=> Co-ordinate-covalent bonding or Dative bonding

Colligative Properties


=> Colligative Properties and its Scope
=> Lowering of Vapour Pressure
=> Raoult's Law and Dynamic method (or) Ostwald - Walker method
=> Depression of freezing point of dilute solution
=> Measurement of freezing point depression by Beckmann method
=> Elevation of boiling point of dilute solutions and Cottrell's Method
=> Osmosis in solution
=> Determination of molecular weight and osmotic pressure by Berkley-Hartley method
=> Abnormal Colligative Properties

Thermodynamics I


=> Introduction and Terminology used in Thermodynamics
=> Thermodynamics: State functions of a system
=> Thermodyanamic processes
=> Different between Exothermic and endothermic processes
=> Thermodynamics: Difference between Irreversible and Reversible process
=> Nature of thermodynamic functions
=> Zeroth law of thermodynamics or Thermal equilibrium
=> Thermodynamics: Work, heat and energy
=> First law of thermodynamics
=> Relation between enthalpy `H' and internal energy `U'
=> Thermochemical equations
=> Enthalpy of combustion - Bomb calorimeter
=> Enthalpy of neutralisation

Chemical Equilibrium I


=> Scope and Nature of Chemical Equilibrium
=> Dynamic Equilibrium: Characteristics, Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes
=> Law of chemical equilibrium and equilibrium constant with example
=> Formation of HI from H2 and I2 - Equilibrium constants in terms of degree of dissociation
=> Dissociation of PCl5 - Equilibrium constants in terms of degree of dissociation
=> Characteristics of Equilibrium constant
=> Heterogeneous equilibria

Chemical Kinetics I


=> Scope of chemical kinetics
=> Rate of chemical reactions
=> Factors influencing reaction rates
=> Chemical Kinetics: Unit of rate constant
=> Molecularity of the reaction
=> Classification of rates based on the order of the reaction
=> Characteristics of organic compounds
=> Purification of Organic compounds: Crystallisation
=> Sublimation - Purification of Organic compounds
=> Methods for the purification of liquids Distillation
=> Chromatography and Different Chromatographic Techniques

Organic Chemistry

Basic Concepts of Organic Chemistry


=> Basic Concepts Of Organic Chemistry - Introduction
=> Classification of Organic Compounds: open chain, cyclic compounds



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