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11th Standard Higher secondary First Year

Chemistry -


Inorganic Chemistry

Chemical Calculations

-:- Chemical Calculations : Formula Weight (FW) or Formula Mass
-:- Mole Concept and Molar Mass with Example Problems
-:- Converting Grams of Substances to Moles and Grams with Solved Problems
-:- Calculation of Empirical Formula from Quantitative Analysis and Percentage composition
-:- Stoichiometry Equations
-:- Rules for writing stoichiometric equations
-:- Balancing chemical equation in its molecular form
-:- General Rules for assigning Oxidation Number to an atom
-:- Balancing Redox reaction by Oxidation Number Method
-:- Methods of Expressing the concentration of solution
-:- Volumetric Analysis - Law with Solved problem
-:- Determination of equivalent masses of elements
-:- Equivalent mass of acid, base, salt, oxidising agent and reducing agent
-:- Determination of Molecular Mass Victor-Meyer's Method
-:- Calculations based on Principle of Volumetric Analysis

General Introduction to Metallurgy

-:- Metallurgy - Ores and Minerals
-:- Sources from earth, living systems and in sea
-:- Metallurgy - Purification of ores
-:- Metallurgical processes
-:- Metallurgy - Purification of metals

Atomic Structure I

-:- Rutherford's Scattering Experiment
-:- Defects of Rutherford's model
-:- Postulates of Bohr's model of an atom
-:- Limitation of Bohr's Theory
-:- Electronic configuration and quantum numbers
-:- Shapes or boundary surfaces of Orbitals
-:- Pauli's exclusion principle and Uses
-:- Hund's rule of maximum multiplicity
-:- Aufbau Principle
-:- Stability of orbitals

Periodic Classification I

-:- Brief history of periodic classification
-:- Earlier periodic classification
-:- Modern Periodic Law
-:- IUPAC Nomenclature for Elements with Z greater than 100
-:- Electronic configuration and periodic table
-:- Types of elements: s-, p-,d-, f- Blocks
-:- Atomic and ionic radii
-:- Variation of Ionization Energy in the periodic Table
-:- Factors Influencing Ionization Enthalpy
-:- Electron affinity
-:- Electronegativity
-:- Anomalous periodic properties in terms of screening constant, stability etc.

Group 1 sBlock elements

-:- The structure of the three isotopes of hydrogen
-:- Deuterium: Methods of Preparation, properties and Uses
-:- Tritium - preparation, Properties, Uses
-:- Ortho and Para hydrogen: Conversion and Properties
-:- Heavy water: Preparation, Principle, Properties, Important reactions, Uses
-:- Hydrogen peroxide: Preparation, Properties, reactions, Uses
-:- Liquid hydrogen as a fuel
-:- Alkali Metals: General characteristics, Physical Properties
-:- Lithium : Extraction, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses
-:- Sodium: Extraction, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses

Group 2 sBlock elements

-:- Group 2 s - Block Elements
-:- Magnesium: Important Ores, Metallurgy, Properties, Uses
-:- Compounds of alkaline earth metals

pBlock elements

-:- p-Block Elements - General Characteristics
-:- Group 13 - Boron Group (B, Al, Ga, In, Tl): Extraction, Properties
-:- Carbon group elements: properties, Structure, Uses
-:- Structure of Diamond, Graphite, Buckminster fullerenes
-:- Metallic character of Carbon group elements
-:- Nitrogen Group
-:- Nitric acid: Preparation, Properties
-:- Importance of molecular oxygen
-:- Oxygen: Oxides Classification
-:- Ozone: Laboratory preparation, Properties, Uses, structure, layer
-:- Factors affecting ozone layer

Physical Chemistry

Solid state I

-:- Crystalline solids and Amorphous solids
-:- Difference between Crystalline and Amorphous Solids
-:- Characteristic parameters and seven classes of unit cell
-:- Miller Indices

Gaseous state I

-:- Properties of gases
-:- The gas laws: Boyle's law and Charle's Law
-:- Numerical values of gas constant (R)
-:- Dalton's law of partial Pressures
-:- Graham's Law of Diffusion
-:- Causes for deviation of real gas from ideal behaviour
-:- Vanderwaal's Equation of state : Units, Significance, Limitations
-:- Gaseous state - Critical phenomena
-:- Joule-Thomson Effect and Inversion temperature (Ti)
-:- Conditions of liquefaction of gases: Linde's Method, Claude's process

Chemical Bonding

-:- Elementary theories on Chemical Bonding
-:- Kossel-Lewis approach to Chemical Bonding
-:- Ionic (or) Electrovalent bond
-:- Lattice energy and Born - Haber's cycle
-:- Determination and Calculation of lattice enthalpy of NaCl
-:- Properties of electrovalent (or) ionic compounds
-:- Covalent bond: Lewis dot structure and Double bond formation
-:- Characteristics of covalent compounds
-:- Fajan's rules: Covalent character of ionic bonds
-:- Polarity of Covalent Bonds
-:- Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR) Theory
-:- Directional Properties of Covalent Bonds
-:- Theory of Hybridisation
-:- Chemical Bonding: Concept of Resonance
-:- Co-ordinate-covalent bonding or Dative bonding

Colligative Properties

-:- Colligative Properties and its Scope
-:- Lowering of Vapour Pressure
-:- Raoult's Law and Dynamic method (or) Ostwald - Walker method
-:- Depression of freezing point of dilute solution
-:- Measurement of freezing point depression by Beckmann method
-:- Elevation of boiling point of dilute solutions and Cottrell's Method
-:- Osmosis in solution
-:- Determination of molecular weight and osmotic pressure by Berkley-Hartley method
-:- Abnormal Colligative Properties

Thermodynamics I

-:- Introduction and Terminology used in Thermodynamics
-:- Thermodynamics: State functions of a system
-:- Thermodyanamic processes
-:- Different between Exothermic and endothermic processes
-:- Thermodynamics: Difference between Irreversible and Reversible process
-:- Nature of thermodynamic functions
-:- Zeroth law of thermodynamics or Thermal equilibrium
-:- Thermodynamics: Work, heat and energy
-:- First law of thermodynamics
-:- Relation between enthalpy `H' and internal energy `U'
-:- Thermochemical equations
-:- Enthalpy of combustion - Bomb calorimeter
-:- Enthalpy of neutralisation

Chemical Equilibrium I

-:- Scope and Nature of Chemical Equilibrium
-:- Dynamic Equilibrium: Characteristics, Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes
-:- Law of chemical equilibrium and equilibrium constant with example
-:- Formation of HI from H2 and I2 - Equilibrium constants in terms of degree of dissociation
-:- Dissociation of PCl5 - Equilibrium constants in terms of degree of dissociation
-:- Characteristics of Equilibrium constant
-:- Heterogeneous equilibria

Chemical Kinetics I

-:- Scope of chemical kinetics
-:- Rate of chemical reactions
-:- Factors influencing reaction rates
-:- Chemical Kinetics: Unit of rate constant
-:- Molecularity of the reaction
-:- Classification of rates based on the order of the reaction
-:- Characteristics of organic compounds
-:- Purification of Organic compounds: Crystallisation
-:- Sublimation - Purification of Organic compounds
-:- Methods for the purification of liquids Distillation
-:- Chromatography and Different Chromatographic Techniques

Organic Chemistry

Basic Concepts of Organic Chemistry

-:- Basic Concepts Of Organic Chemistry - Introduction
-:- Classification of Organic Compounds: open chain, cyclic compounds