zoology - 2

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zoology

zoology



HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY


Nutrition : Carbohydrates (Poly hydroxyaldehydes (or) ketones.), Proteins(Polypeptides), Lipids, Vitamins
Carbohydrates (Poly hydroxyaldehydes (or) ketones.)
Proteins(Polypeptides)
Lipids
Vitamins : functions of vitamins and Vitamin Deficiency Ailments
Minerals, Water, Balanced diet, Calorie values, Obesity
The digestive system and The process of digestion
Dental Caries (Tooth decay) : Symptoms, Root Canal Treatment
Peptic ulcer and Hernia : Causes of Peptic ulcer and Types of Hernia
Appendicitis, Gall Stones, Hepatitis, Hernia, Peptic ulcer
Types of fractures, Mechanism of fracture, Healing of Bones in fracture, Dislocation of joints, Physiotherapy and rehabilitation, Arthiritis , Orthopedics, Rickets and steomalacia
Structure of a skeletal muscle, sarcomere
Mechanism and Types of muscle contraction
Benefits of aerobic exercise
Myasthenia Gravis Muscle Disease
Process of pulmonary respiration
Mechanism of Human Breathing : Expiration , Inspiration
Gaseous exchange in the alveoli
Herring - Breuer reflex
Lungs Disease : Tuberculosis (TB), Herring - Breuer reflex, Acute and Chronic Bronchitis
Human Circulatory System : Functioning of Human heart
Myocardial infarction : Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors
Angina pectoris
Angiogram : Coronary Angiography and Coronary Angioplasty
Atherosclerosis, Heart block, Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD)
ICCU - (Intensive Coronary Care Unit)
Blood Pressure : Intensive of hypertension
Composition of plasma : Components with Functions
Types of blood cells or corpuscles
Human Nervous system
Human brain
Types of memory
Types of sleep
Human Brain Stroke and Brain haemorrhage
Alzheimer's Disease, Meningitis (Brain fever), Conditioned reflex
Right and Left Human brain concept
Spinal cord functioning
Functions of Endocrine glands
Pituitary gland and The hormones of anterior pituitary
Thyroid gland and thyroxine
Human Insulin
Human Glucagon
Gonads : Testis and Overies
Focusing Mechanism in the Human Eye
Human eye : Errors of refraction
Retinopathy - Human Eye Disease
Human Eye : Cataract, Lens Replacement
Human Eye : Glaucoma, Nyctalopia Disorder, Infections, Symptoms, Treatment
EAR - Some Information
Mechanism of hearing - Human Ear
Defects of the Human ear
Human Hearing Aid
Noise pollution
Human Skin and Functions of skin
Functions of Human Skin Melanin
Human Skin grafting and Dermatitis
Human Tongue and Mechanism of Stimulation
Human Excretion
Mechanism of urine formation
Renal Failure, Dialysis and Kidney Machines
Human Kidney stone (Calculus) And Kidney transplantation
Diabetes mellitus : Symptoms, Causes, prevention
Functioning of male reproductive system
Functioning of female reproductive system
Female Menstrual cycle - 28 days
In vitro fertilization (Test tube babies) and Birth control
Contraception - Methods to prevention of pregnancy

MICROBIOLOGY


History of Medical microbiology
Structure of Viruses And Viral genetics
Viral Diseases
Cultivation (culture) of Animal viruses
Bacterial structure And Culture
Bacterial Genetics
Bacterial Diseases
Protozoan microbiology
Larval microbiology
AIDS (HIV) Structure, its control, Pathogenesis, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Control and Management

IMMUNOLOGY


IMMUNOLOGY : Innate Immunity (Non-specific) And Acquired Immunity (Specific immunity)
Primary Lymphoid Organ Thymus
Peripheral Lymphoid Organs : Lymph nodes, Spleen
Secondary Lymphoid Organs : Mucosa associated lymphoid tissues (MALT)
Antibodies - Immunoglobulins, Region of polypeptide chains, Transplantation immunology
Classification of grafts
Immune system disorders

MODERN GENETICS


Human Genetics - Karyotyping
Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology)
Genetic Diseases
Human Genome Project (HGP)
Cloning : Differentiation, Cloning of Sheep (Mechanism), Ethical Issues, Merits and Demerits of cloning
Transgenic organisms : Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
Gene therapy
Bioinformatics : Definition, History, Applications
Scope of Genetic Engineering And Bioinformatics
Nucleic acid, Protein sequence databases And Genome sequencing, DNA library
Protein Structure, Protein Model And Uses
Human population and explosion - Issues

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE


Reasons for the Explosion. Impacts Of Growing Population and Environmental
Global warming : Green house effect
Types of Greenhouse Gases
Effects of Global warming
Ozone layer depletion : Ozone hole, Preventing And Effect of Ozone depletions
Waste management
Waste management : Classification of wastes
Management of hazardous wastes
Management of non-hazardous wastes- Solid Waste Management
Biodiversity conservation (Biosphere reserves) Government and non Governmental organizations
Energy crisis and its environmental impact
Steps to be taken to resolve energy crisis
Environmental impacts : Thermal, Hydel, Nuclear Power, Solar energy, Fossil fuels
Poverty and Environmental : issues, alleviation
Fresh water crisis and management
Freshwater resources
Freshwater shortages
Freshwater Management

APPLIED BIOLOGY


Important cattle breeds and their characteristics
cattle breeds : Milch breeds (or) Dairy breeds, Dual purpose breeds, Draught breeds
Milch breeds (or) Dairy Cattle breeds : Sindhi (Red Sindhi, Red Karachi), Gir (Kathiawarhi, Surti)
Dual purpose Cattle breeds - Ongole : Nellore
Draught Cattle breeds : Kangayam, Hallikar, Jersey
Common diseases and control for Cattle
Poultry Breeds
Poultry Farming methods
Factors involved in brooding
Pisciculture : Characters of cultivable fish
Fish Pond : Types and Preparation of pond, Management and Feeding
Edible Fishes Of Tamilnadu (India)
Stethoscope and Uses of Stethoscope
Sphygmomanometer
Haemocytometer
Urine - Sugar analysis
ECG-Electrocardiogram
Computed Tomography (CT)(OR) Computerized axial tomography (CAT) - Advantages and Uses
Types of Endoscopy
Artificial Pacemaker And Autoanalyser

THEORIES OF EVOLUTION


THEORIES OF EVOLUTION : Lamarckism
THEORIES OF EVOLUTION : Neo-lamarckism
THEORIES OF EVOLUTION : Darwinism
Modern concept of Natural Selection (or) Modern synthetic theory of Evolution



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