MicroBiology 11th std

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MicroBiology 11th std

Chapter 1 : Introduction to Microbiology


=> Introduction to Microbiology
=> Groups of Microorganisms
=> Contributors to Microbiology
=> Branches of Microbiology

Chapter 2 : Microscopy


=> Historical Background of Microscopy
=> Principles of Microscopy
=> Bright Field Microscope
=> Dark Field Microscope

Chapter 3 : Stains and Staining Methods


=> Techniques for Observing Microorganism
=> Purpose of Staining
=> Stains
=> Classification of Stains
=> Principle of Staining
=> Preparation of Materials for Staining
=> Simple Staining Method
=> Differential Staining
=> Special Staining - Endospore Staining
=> Commonly used Stains and its Applications

Chapter 4 : Sterilization


=> Sterilization
=> Need for Sterilization
=> Physical Methods of Sterilization
=> Sterilization by Heat
=> Sterilization by Radiation
=> Sterilization by Filtration

Chapter 5 : Cultivation of Microorganisms


=> Cultivation of Microorganisms
=> Significance of Culturing Microorganisms
=> Bacteriological Media and its Types
=> Pure Culture
=> Growth and Colony Characteristics of Bacteria and Fungi

Chapter 6 : Microbial Nutrition and Growth


=> Nutrient Requirement of Microorganisms
=> Nutritional Types of Microorganisms
=> Photosynthesis
=> Microbial Growth
=> Factors Influencing Microbial Growth
=> Measurement of cell growth of microorganisms

Chapter 7 : Morphology of Bacteria


=> Morphology of Bacteria
=> Size, Shape and Arrangement of Bacteria
=> Structures External to Cell Wall of Bacetria
=> Cell Envelope of Bacteria
=> Structure of Bacteria Outer Membrane
=> Structure of Bacteria Cytoplasmic Membrane
=> Structures Internal to Cell Membrane of Bacteria
=> Eukaryotic Cell Structure

Chapter 8 : Microbial Taxonomy


=> Diversity of Living Organisms is Fascinating
=> Binomial Nomenclature
=> Whittaker’s System of Classification
=> Taxonomic Systems
=> The Three Domain System
=> The Past and Present State of Bacterial Taxonomy

Chapter 9 : Environmental Microbiology


=> Environmental Microbiology
=> Environmental Microbiology Interrelationship with other Fields
=> Air Microbiology
=> Microbiology of Water
=> Water Pollution and Microbial Contamination
=> Sewage Treatment or Wastewater treatments
=> Recycling of Treated Sewage
=> Composting
=> Biogas Production

Chapter 10 : Soil Microbiology


=> Soil in General
=> Pioneers of Soil Microbiology
=> Components of Soil
=> Soil Microorganisms
=> Microbial Interactions
=> Rhizosphere
=> Phyllosphere
=> Spermosphere

Chapter 11 : Agricultural Microbiology


=> Agricultural Microbiology
=> Biogeochemical Cycles
=> Carbon Cycle
=> Nitrogen Cycle
=> Phosphorus Cycle
=> Sulphur Cycle
=> Biofertilizers
=> Biopesticides
=> Plant Diseases

Chapter 12 : Medical Microbiology


=> Microbial Infections of the Human Body
=> Skin and Wound Infections
=> Respiratory Tract Infections - Medical Microbiology
=> Gastrointestinal Tract Infections - Medical Microbiology
=> Ocular Infections
=> Urinary Tract Infections - Medical Microbiology
=> Reproductive Tract Infections
=> Infections of the Nervous System
=> Systemic Infections

Chapter 13 : Immunology


=> Historical Background of Immunology
=> Organs of the Immune System
=> Cells of the Immune System
=> Hematopoiesis
=> Types of Leukocytes
=> Immunity
=> Mechanisms of Innate Immunity
=> Antigens
=> Antibodies
=> Structure of an Immunoglobulin Molecule
=> Properties and Activities of Immunoglobulin Classes
=> Antigen - Antibody Reactions
=> General Features of Antigen - Antibody Reactions
=> Measurement of Antigen and Antibody

Chapter 14 : Microbial Genetics


=> Genetic Information is Stored in DNA
=> DNA Structure
=> DNA Replication

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