Go to All Subject -

12th Standard Higher secondary Second Year

zoology -

zoology

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY


-:- Nutrition : Carbohydrates (Poly hydroxyaldehydes (or) ketones.), Proteins(Polypeptides), Lipids, Vitamins
-:- Carbohydrates (Poly hydroxyaldehydes (or) ketones.)
-:- Proteins(Polypeptides)
-:- Lipids
-:- Vitamins : functions of vitamins and Vitamin Deficiency Ailments
-:- Minerals, Water, Balanced diet, Calorie values, Obesity
-:- The digestive system and The process of digestion
-:- Dental Caries (Tooth decay) : Symptoms, Root Canal Treatment
-:- Peptic ulcer and Hernia : Causes of Peptic ulcer and Types of Hernia
-:- Appendicitis, Gall Stones, Hepatitis, Hernia, Peptic ulcer
-:- Types of fractures, Mechanism of fracture, Healing of Bones in fracture, Dislocation of joints, Physiotherapy and rehabilitation, Arthiritis , Orthopedics, Rickets and steomalacia
-:- Structure of a skeletal muscle, sarcomere
-:- Mechanism and Types of muscle contraction
-:- Benefits of aerobic exercise
-:- Myasthenia Gravis Muscle Disease
-:- Process of pulmonary respiration
-:- Mechanism of Human Breathing : Expiration , Inspiration
-:- Gaseous exchange in the alveoli
-:- Herring - Breuer reflex
-:- Lungs Disease : Tuberculosis (TB), Herring - Breuer reflex, Acute and Chronic Bronchitis
-:- Human Circulatory System : Functioning of Human heart
-:- Myocardial infarction : Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors
-:- Angina pectoris
-:- Angiogram : Coronary Angiography and Coronary Angioplasty
-:- Atherosclerosis, Heart block, Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD)
-:- ICCU - (Intensive Coronary Care Unit)
-:- Blood Pressure : Intensive of hypertension
-:- Composition of plasma : Components with Functions
-:- Types of blood cells or corpuscles
-:- Human Nervous system
-:- Human brain
-:- Types of memory
-:- Types of sleep
-:- Human Brain Stroke and Brain haemorrhage
-:- Alzheimer's Disease, Meningitis (Brain fever), Conditioned reflex
-:- Right and Left Human brain concept
-:- Spinal cord functioning
-:- Functions of Endocrine glands
-:- Pituitary gland and The hormones of anterior pituitary
-:- Thyroid gland and thyroxine
-:- Human Insulin
-:- Human Glucagon
-:- Gonads : Testis and Overies
-:- Focusing Mechanism in the Human Eye
-:- Human eye : Errors of refraction
-:- Retinopathy - Human Eye Disease
-:- Human Eye : Cataract, Lens Replacement
-:- Human Eye : Glaucoma, Nyctalopia Disorder, Infections, Symptoms, Treatment
-:- EAR - Some Information
-:- Mechanism of hearing - Human Ear
-:- Defects of the Human ear
-:- Human Hearing Aid
-:- Noise pollution
-:- Human Skin and Functions of skin
-:- Functions of Human Skin Melanin
-:- Human Skin grafting and Dermatitis
-:- Human Tongue and Mechanism of Stimulation
-:- Human Excretion
-:- Mechanism of urine formation
-:- Renal Failure, Dialysis and Kidney Machines
-:- Human Kidney stone (Calculus) And Kidney transplantation
-:- Diabetes mellitus : Symptoms, Causes, prevention
-:- Functioning of male reproductive system
-:- Functioning of female reproductive system
-:- Female Menstrual cycle - 28 days
-:- In vitro fertilization (Test tube babies) and Birth control
-:- Contraception - Methods to prevention of pregnancy

MICROBIOLOGY


-:- History of Medical microbiology
-:- Structure of Viruses And Viral genetics
-:- Viral Diseases
-:- Cultivation (culture) of Animal viruses
-:- Bacterial structure And Culture
-:- Bacterial Genetics
-:- Bacterial Diseases
-:- Protozoan microbiology
-:- Larval microbiology
-:- AIDS (HIV) Structure, its control, Pathogenesis, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Control and Management

IMMUNOLOGY


-:- IMMUNOLOGY : Innate Immunity (Non-specific) And Acquired Immunity (Specific immunity)
-:- Primary Lymphoid Organ Thymus
-:- Peripheral Lymphoid Organs : Lymph nodes, Spleen
-:- Secondary Lymphoid Organs : Mucosa associated lymphoid tissues (MALT)
-:- Antibodies - Immunoglobulins, Region of polypeptide chains, Transplantation immunology
-:- Classification of grafts
-:- Immune system disorders

MODERN GENETICS


-:- Human Genetics - Karyotyping
-:- Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology)
-:- Genetic Diseases
-:- Human Genome Project (HGP)
-:- Cloning : Differentiation, Cloning of Sheep (Mechanism), Ethical Issues, Merits and Demerits of cloning
-:- Transgenic organisms : Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
-:- Gene therapy
-:- Bioinformatics : Definition, History, Applications
-:- Scope of Genetic Engineering And Bioinformatics
-:- Nucleic acid, Protein sequence databases And Genome sequencing, DNA library
-:- Protein Structure, Protein Model And Uses
-:- Human population and explosion - Issues

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE


-:- Reasons for the Explosion. Impacts Of Growing Population and Environmental
-:- Global warming : Green house effect
-:- Types of Greenhouse Gases
-:- Effects of Global warming
-:- Ozone layer depletion : Ozone hole, Preventing And Effect of Ozone depletions
-:- Waste management
-:- Waste management : Classification of wastes
-:- Management of hazardous wastes
-:- Management of non-hazardous wastes- Solid Waste Management
-:- Biodiversity conservation (Biosphere reserves) Government and non Governmental organizations
-:- Energy crisis and its environmental impact
-:- Steps to be taken to resolve energy crisis
-:- Environmental impacts : Thermal, Hydel, Nuclear Power, Solar energy, Fossil fuels
-:- Poverty and Environmental : issues, alleviation
-:- Fresh water crisis and management
-:- Freshwater resources
-:- Freshwater shortages
-:- Freshwater Management

APPLIED BIOLOGY


-:- Important cattle breeds and their characteristics
-:- cattle breeds : Milch breeds (or) Dairy breeds, Dual purpose breeds, Draught breeds
-:- Milch breeds (or) Dairy Cattle breeds : Sindhi (Red Sindhi, Red Karachi), Gir (Kathiawarhi, Surti)
-:- Dual purpose Cattle breeds - Ongole : Nellore
-:- Draught Cattle breeds : Kangayam, Hallikar, Jersey
-:- Common diseases and control for Cattle
-:- Poultry Breeds
-:- Poultry Farming methods
-:- Factors involved in brooding
-:- Pisciculture : Characters of cultivable fish
-:- Fish Pond : Types and Preparation of pond, Management and Feeding
-:- Edible Fishes Of Tamilnadu (India)
-:- Stethoscope and Uses of Stethoscope
-:- Sphygmomanometer
-:- Haemocytometer
-:- Urine - Sugar analysis
-:- ECG-Electrocardiogram
-:- Computed Tomography (CT)(OR) Computerized axial tomography (CAT) - Advantages and Uses
-:- Types of Endoscopy
-:- Artificial Pacemaker And Autoanalyser

THEORIES OF EVOLUTION


-:- THEORIES OF EVOLUTION : Lamarckism
-:- THEORIES OF EVOLUTION : Neo-lamarckism
-:- THEORIES OF EVOLUTION : Darwinism
-:- Modern concept of Natural Selection (or) Modern synthetic theory of Evolution
Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman

​ReadOrRefer.in

Recent New Topics :