Environmental Biotechnology

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Environmental Biotechnology

Environmental Biotechnology



Theory and Application


Introduction to Biotechnology
Role of Environmental Biotechnology
Scope for Use of Environmental Biotechnology
Market for Environmental Biotechnology
Modalities and local influences - Environmental Biotechnology

Microbes and Metabolism


Microbes and Metabolism
Immobilisation, Degradation or Monitoring of Pollutants from a Biological Origin
players - Microbes and Metabolism
Metabolism
Genetic blueprint for metabolic capability
Microbial diversity
Metabolic Pathways of Particular Relevance to Environmental Biotechnology
Glycolysis: TCA and Glyoxalate cycle
Macromolecules - description and degradation
Production of Cellular Energy
Fermentation and respiration
Photosynthesis and the Basis of Phytotechnology
The light reactions
The dark reactions
The Nitrogen Cycle

Fundamentals of Biological Intervention


Using Biological Systems - Biological Intervention
Extremophiles
Xenobiotics and Other Problematic Chemicals
Endocrine disrupters - Biological Intervention
New discoveries - Biological Intervention
Mobility of DNA

Pollution and Pollution Control


Classifying Pollution - Environmental Biotechnology
Pollution Environment
Dilution and dispersal - Pollution Control Strategies
Concentration and containment - Pollution Control Strategies
Pollution Control Strategies
Practical Toxicity Issues
Practical Applications to Pollution Control
Biofilters - Practical Applications to Pollution Control
Biotrickling filters - Practical Applications to Pollution Control
Bioscrubbers - Practical Applications to Pollution Control
Other options - Practical Applications to Pollution Control
‘Clean’ Technology
process changes - Clean Technology
Biological Control - Clean Technology
Biosubstitutions - Clean Technology

Contaminated Land and Bioremediation


Contaminated Land and Bioremediation
Soil Remediation Methods
In Situ and Ex Situ Techniques
Intensive and Extensive Technologies
Process Integration
Suitability of Bioremediation
Factors Affecting the use of Bioremediation
Biotechnology Selection
Essential Features of Biological Treatment Systems
In situ techniques
Site monitoring for biotechnological applications
Ex situ techniques
Process selection and integration - Contaminated Land and Bioremediation
Use of remediation techniques

Aerobes and Effluents


Aerobes and Effluents
Sewage Treatment
Process Issues - Aerobes and Effluents
Land Spread - Sewage Treatment
Septic tank - Sewage Treatment
Limits to land application - Sewage Treatment
Nitrogenous Wastes
Aeration: Diffused air systems, Mechanical aeration
Trickling Filters
Activated Sludge Systems
Process disruption
Organic loadings - Aerobes and Effluents
Deep Shaft Process - Aerobes and Effluents
Pure Oxygen Systems
The Oxidation Ditch
Rotating Biological Contactor
Membrane Bioreactors
Cellulose Ion-Exchange Media
Sludge Disposal

Phytotechnology and Photosynthesis


Phytotechnology and Photosynthesis
Terrestrial Phyto Systems (TPS)
Phytoextraction - Metal Phytoremediation
Hyperaccumulation - Metal Phytoremediation
Rhizofiltration - Metal Phytoremediation
Phytostabilisation - Metal Phytoremediation
Phytodegradation - Organic Phytoremediation
Rhizodegradation - Organic Phytoremediation
Phytovolatilisation - Organic Phytoremediation
Hydraulic Containment
Plant Selection - Hydraulic Containment
Applications of Phytotechnology
Aquatic Phyto-Systems (APS)
Macrophyte Treatment Systems (MaTS)
Nutrient Film Techniques (NFT)
Algal Treatment Systems (ATS)
Effluent treatment
Carbon sequestration
Pollution Detection

Biotechnology and Waste


Biotechnology and Waste
Nature of Biowaste
Composition of biowaste
Biological Waste Treatment
Composting
Applying Composting to Waste Management
Anaerobic Digestion and digestion process
Applying Anaerobic Digestion(AD) to Waste Management
Process parameters - Anaerobic Digestion
Biogas
Other Biotechnologies
Annelidic conversion (AC)
Biowaste to ethanol
Eutrophic fermentation (EF)

Genetic Manipulation


Genetic Manipulation
Training: Manipulation of Bacteria Without Genetic Engineering
Manipulation of Bacteria by Genetic Engineering
Enzymes, solutions and equipment - Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering
DNA for transfer - Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering
Cloning vectors - Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering
Expression vectors - Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering
Reporter genes - Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering
Analysis of Recombinants: Bacteria, Yeast, Viruses
Transgenic Plants
Examples of developments in plant GE(Genetic Engineering)
Integrated Environmental Biotechnology
Bioenergy
Methane biogas - Derived Biofuels
Ethanol fermentation - Derived Biofuels
Short rotation coppicing - Derived Biofuels
Biodiesel - Derived Biofuels
The carbon sink or energy crop question
Biotechnology Integrated Agricultural Applications
Plant disease suppression - Biotechnology Integrated Agricultural Applications
Microbial pesticides - Biotechnology Integrated Agricultural Applications
Plant/microbe interactions - Biotechnology Integrated Agricultural Applications
Symbiotic nitrogen fixation - Biotechnology Integrated Agricultural Applications
Endomycorrhizae
Plant pathogens: Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Cauliflower mosaic virus



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