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Environmental Biotechnology -

Environmental Biotechnology

Theory and Application


-:- Introduction to Biotechnology
-:- Role of Environmental Biotechnology
-:- Scope for Use of Environmental Biotechnology
-:- Market for Environmental Biotechnology
-:- Modalities and local influences - Environmental Biotechnology

Microbes and Metabolism


-:- Microbes and Metabolism
-:- Immobilisation, Degradation or Monitoring of Pollutants from a Biological Origin
-:- players - Microbes and Metabolism
-:- Metabolism
-:- Genetic blueprint for metabolic capability
-:- Microbial diversity
-:- Metabolic Pathways of Particular Relevance to Environmental Biotechnology
-:- Glycolysis: TCA and Glyoxalate cycle
-:- Macromolecules - description and degradation
-:- Production of Cellular Energy
-:- Fermentation and respiration
-:- Photosynthesis and the Basis of Phytotechnology
-:- The light reactions
-:- The dark reactions
-:- The Nitrogen Cycle

Fundamentals of Biological Intervention


-:- Using Biological Systems - Biological Intervention
-:- Extremophiles
-:- Xenobiotics and Other Problematic Chemicals
-:- Endocrine disrupters - Biological Intervention
-:- New discoveries - Biological Intervention
-:- Mobility of DNA

Pollution and Pollution Control


-:- Classifying Pollution - Environmental Biotechnology
-:- Pollution Environment
-:- Dilution and dispersal - Pollution Control Strategies
-:- Concentration and containment - Pollution Control Strategies
-:- Pollution Control Strategies
-:- Practical Toxicity Issues
-:- Practical Applications to Pollution Control
-:- Biofilters - Practical Applications to Pollution Control
-:- Biotrickling filters - Practical Applications to Pollution Control
-:- Bioscrubbers - Practical Applications to Pollution Control
-:- Other options - Practical Applications to Pollution Control
-:- ‘Clean’ Technology
-:- process changes - Clean Technology
-:- Biological Control - Clean Technology
-:- Biosubstitutions - Clean Technology

Contaminated Land and Bioremediation


-:- Contaminated Land and Bioremediation
-:- Soil Remediation Methods
-:- In Situ and Ex Situ Techniques
-:- Intensive and Extensive Technologies
-:- Process Integration
-:- Suitability of Bioremediation
-:- Factors Affecting the use of Bioremediation
-:- Biotechnology Selection
-:- Essential Features of Biological Treatment Systems
-:- In situ techniques
-:- Site monitoring for biotechnological applications
-:- Ex situ techniques
-:- Process selection and integration - Contaminated Land and Bioremediation
-:- Use of remediation techniques

Aerobes and Effluents


-:- Aerobes and Effluents
-:- Sewage Treatment
-:- Process Issues - Aerobes and Effluents
-:- Land Spread - Sewage Treatment
-:- Septic tank - Sewage Treatment
-:- Limits to land application - Sewage Treatment
-:- Nitrogenous Wastes
-:- Aeration: Diffused air systems, Mechanical aeration
-:- Trickling Filters
-:- Activated Sludge Systems
-:- Process disruption
-:- Organic loadings - Aerobes and Effluents
-:- Deep Shaft Process - Aerobes and Effluents
-:- Pure Oxygen Systems
-:- The Oxidation Ditch
-:- Rotating Biological Contactor
-:- Membrane Bioreactors
-:- Cellulose Ion-Exchange Media
-:- Sludge Disposal

Phytotechnology and Photosynthesis


-:- Phytotechnology and Photosynthesis
-:- Terrestrial Phyto Systems (TPS)
-:- Phytoextraction - Metal Phytoremediation
-:- Hyperaccumulation - Metal Phytoremediation
-:- Rhizofiltration - Metal Phytoremediation
-:- Phytostabilisation - Metal Phytoremediation
-:- Phytodegradation - Organic Phytoremediation
-:- Rhizodegradation - Organic Phytoremediation
-:- Phytovolatilisation - Organic Phytoremediation
-:- Hydraulic Containment
-:- Plant Selection - Hydraulic Containment
-:- Applications of Phytotechnology
-:- Aquatic Phyto-Systems (APS)
-:- Macrophyte Treatment Systems (MaTS)
-:- Nutrient Film Techniques (NFT)
-:- Algal Treatment Systems (ATS)
-:- Effluent treatment
-:- Carbon sequestration
-:- Pollution Detection

Biotechnology and Waste


-:- Biotechnology and Waste
-:- Nature of Biowaste
-:- Composition of biowaste
-:- Biological Waste Treatment
-:- Composting
-:- Applying Composting to Waste Management
-:- Anaerobic Digestion and digestion process
-:- Applying Anaerobic Digestion(AD) to Waste Management
-:- Process parameters - Anaerobic Digestion
-:- Biogas
-:- Other Biotechnologies
-:- Annelidic conversion (AC)
-:- Biowaste to ethanol
-:- Eutrophic fermentation (EF)

Genetic Manipulation


-:- Genetic Manipulation
-:- Training: Manipulation of Bacteria Without Genetic Engineering
-:- Manipulation of Bacteria by Genetic Engineering
-:- Enzymes, solutions and equipment - Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering
-:- DNA for transfer - Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering
-:- Cloning vectors - Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering
-:- Expression vectors - Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering
-:- Reporter genes - Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering
-:- Analysis of Recombinants: Bacteria, Yeast, Viruses
-:- Transgenic Plants
-:- Examples of developments in plant GE(Genetic Engineering)
-:- Integrated Environmental Biotechnology
-:- Bioenergy
-:- Methane biogas - Derived Biofuels
-:- Ethanol fermentation - Derived Biofuels
-:- Short rotation coppicing - Derived Biofuels
-:- Biodiesel - Derived Biofuels
-:- The carbon sink or energy crop question
-:- Biotechnology Integrated Agricultural Applications
-:- Plant disease suppression - Biotechnology Integrated Agricultural Applications
-:- Microbial pesticides - Biotechnology Integrated Agricultural Applications
-:- Plant/microbe interactions - Biotechnology Integrated Agricultural Applications
-:- Symbiotic nitrogen fixation - Biotechnology Integrated Agricultural Applications
-:- Endomycorrhizae
-:- Plant pathogens: Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Cauliflower mosaic virus