zoology - 1

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Biodiversity Explanation and Biodiversity in India
Taxonomic systems
Introduction to taxa and species
Phenetic method or Numerical taxonomy and Cytotaxonomy and Chemotaxonomy and Palaeotaxonomy Explaination
Nomenclature methods and Basic principles of nomenclature and Identification keys
Methods of grouping animals
Phylum : Protozoa, Porifera and Coelenterata or Cnidaria
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Phylum : Nematoda and Annelida
Phylum : Arthropoda
Phylum Mollusca and Phylum Echinodermata
Phylum Chordata and Diversity and General Characters of Chordates
Classification of Phylum Chordata
Sub phylum : Vertebrata (Craniata) and Classification of Vertebrata - Class : Pisces and Tetrapoda
Class : Amphibia - sub phylum Tetrapoda
Class : Amniota - Reptilia - sub phylum - Tetrapoda
Class : Aves - sub phylum : Tetrapoda
Class : Mammalia - Reptilia - sub phylum : Tetrapoda
Monotremata, Marsupialia and Placentalia -Classification of Class : Mammalia - Reptilia - sub phylum - Tetrapoda
Scientific Names of Animals
Life cycle in the mosquito - sporogony
Control of Malaria
Types of Malaria
Earthworm : External features , External apertures
Earthworm - Body wall ,Body Cavity,Locomotion
Earthworm - Digestive System, Feeding
Earthworm - Circulatory System
Earthworm : Excretory System
Earthworm : Excretory System
Earthworm : Nervous System
Earthworm : Reproductive System
Pigeon : External features
Pigeon : The wings
Pigeon : Exoskeleton , Quill feather
Pigeon : Endoskeleton : Flight muscles, Pectoralis major, Pectoralis minor or subclavius, Coracobrachialis
Pigeon - Digestive system
Pigeon - Respiratory System
Pigeon - Circulatory system and Venous system
Nervous system and Sense organ of Pigeon
Pigeon - Urinogenital system and Male, Female reproductive organs


Cell Biology
Microscopy and Anton van Leeuwenhoek simple microscope
Compound light, Dark field, Phase contrast, Oil - immersion and Electron microscope
Cytological Techniques
Plasma Membrane
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) and Function of Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi apparatus
Animal Nucleus or Human Nucleus
Chromosomes of Animal Nucleus or Human Nucleus
Cancer biology
Molecular biology of cancer
Types of cancer and factor causes cancer
Cancer and death
Management of cancer : Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy


History of Human anatomy
The Integumentary System - Skin and hypodermis
The Integumentary System - hypodermis, Epidermis, Callus, Skin color, Hair, glands, Nails
Human Skeletal System
Structure of a typical long bone
Skull - Human Skeletal system
Vertebrae - Human Skeletal system
Rib cage - Human Skeletal system
Appendicular skeleton - Pectoral girdle, Pectoral girdle, Pelvic girdle or pelvis, Wrist, Hand, Leg, Ankle, Foot, Kinds of joints, Fibrous joints, Cartilaginous joints, Synovial joints
Human Muscular System and Types of Muscular System
Skeletal muscles - Human Muscular System
Shapes of muscles and Naming of muscles - Human Muscular System
Distribution of human muscles - Muscles of the human head, Muscles of the Neck region, Muscles of the Trunk region, Muscles of the upper limb, Muscles of the lower limb
Human Entire Digestive system process with diagram - Mouth or Buccal cavity, Tongue, Teeth, Salivary glands, Pharynx, Stomach, Small intestine, Duodenum, Jejunum and ileum, Liver, Gall bladder, Pancreas, Caecum, Colon, Rectum, Anal canal
Human Respiratory system with diagram - Nasal cavity, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Lungs, Thoracic wall and muscles of respirations
The Human Circulatory System - Systemic and Pulmonary circulations - Pulmonary circulation, Systemic circulation, Portal circulation
Components of Human Circulatory system : Blood vessels, Types of blood vessels, The Heart
The Human Heart structure with diagram
Human Lymphatic system - Lymphoid cells and tissues, Thymus, Lymph nodes, Spleen, Tonsils, The lymphatic circulation
The structure of a peripheral nerve : Central nervous system (C N S) Peripheral nervous system Autonomous nervous system , brain
Human Brain : Prosencephalon (Fore brain), Mesencephalon (mid brain), Rhombencephalon (hind brain), Brain stem, Pachymenix, Leptomeninges
The Eye - Sensory Organ
Ears (The organs of hearing) - The Sensory Organ
Endocrine system and glands : Pituitary gland (or) Hypophysis, thyroid, parathy roids, pancreas, adrenals, testes and ovaries
Urinary system : kidneys (renes), ureters, the uri-nary bladder (vesica urinaria) and the urethra
Male reproductive organs
Female reproductive organs


Quantitive inheritance - GENETICS
Genetics : Sex determination in Human beings
Male haploidy or Haplo-diploidy mechanism
Genetics : Sex - linked Inheritance
Genetics : Pleiotropy


Developmental Biology - Gametogenesis, Spermatogenesis, Oogenesis, Fertilization
Types of eggs
Cleavage and types - Frog's egg
Gastrulation in frog embryo
Organogenesis of Frog


Corals - reef builders - ECONOMIC ZOOLOGY
Earthworm - Vermiculture
Uses and types of Beneficial Insects : Productive Insects - Honey bee, Silk worms, Lac insects. Helpful Insects : Insect - Predators
Prawns, Lobsters and Crabs - ECONOMIC ZOOLOGY
Pearl Oyster
Fishes - Nutritive value
Guano (Bird excreta)
Aquarium - Setting up an aquarium tank
Vivarium ( Zoo ) and List of important Zoos
Disease causing organisms - Vectors : Housefly - Musca domestica, Sand flies - Phlebotomus papatasi, Rat fleas - Xenopsylla cheopis, The human louse - Pediculus humanus, Mosquitoes : Anopheles, Culex, Aedes sp
Poisonous Organisms : Physalia, Scorpion, Centipede, Honey bees and Wasps, Poisonous fishes, Poisonous snakes
Poisonous snakes : Cobra, Krait, Vipers, Sea Snakes and Poison Apparatus of a Snake
Fouling Organisms
Pests - Pests of Crops : Cotton, Paddy, Sugarcane, Vegetables, Coconut palm, Stored grains, household goods


Geological time scale : Palaeozoic era, Mesozoic era, Cenozoic era
Fossils : Fossilization, Evolutionary significance of fossils, List of Important fossils
Extinct animals-mass extinction : Causes and Pattern of extiniction

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