zoology - 1

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zoology

BIODIVERSITY


=> Biodiversity Explanation and Biodiversity in India
=> Taxonomic systems
=> Introduction to taxa and species
=> Phenetic method or Numerical taxonomy and Cytotaxonomy and Chemotaxonomy and Palaeotaxonomy Explaination
=> Nomenclature methods and Basic principles of nomenclature and Identification keys
=> Methods of grouping animals
=> Phylum : Protozoa, Porifera and Coelenterata or Cnidaria
=> Phylum: Platyhelminthes
=> Phylum : Nematoda and Annelida
=> Phylum : Arthropoda
=> Phylum Mollusca and Phylum Echinodermata
=> Phylum Chordata and Diversity and General Characters of Chordates
=> Classification of Phylum Chordata
=> Sub phylum : Vertebrata (Craniata) and Classification of Vertebrata - Class : Pisces and Tetrapoda
=> Class : Amphibia - sub phylum Tetrapoda
=> Class : Amniota - Reptilia - sub phylum - Tetrapoda
=> Class : Aves - sub phylum : Tetrapoda
=> Class : Mammalia - Reptilia - sub phylum : Tetrapoda
=> Monotremata, Marsupialia and Placentalia -Classification of Class : Mammalia - Reptilia - sub phylum - Tetrapoda
=> Scientific Names of Animals
=> Plasmodium
=> Life cycle in the mosquito - sporogony
=> Control of Malaria
=> Types of Malaria
=> Earthworm : External features , External apertures
=> Earthworm - Body wall ,Body Cavity,Locomotion
=> Earthworm - Digestive System, Feeding
=> Earthworm - Circulatory System
=> Earthworm : Excretory System
=> Earthworm : Excretory System
=> Earthworm : Nervous System
=> Earthworm : Reproductive System
=> Pigeon : External features
=> Pigeon : The wings
=> Pigeon : Exoskeleton , Quill feather
=> Pigeon : Endoskeleton : Flight muscles, Pectoralis major, Pectoralis minor or subclavius, Coracobrachialis
=> Pigeon - Digestive system
=> Pigeon - Respiratory System
=> Pigeon - Circulatory system and Venous system
=> Nervous system and Sense organ of Pigeon
=> Pigeon - Urinogenital system and Male, Female reproductive organs

CELL BIOLOGY


=> Cell Biology
=> Microscopy and Anton van Leeuwenhoek simple microscope
=> Compound light, Dark field, Phase contrast, Oil - immersion and Electron microscope
=> Cytological Techniques
=> Plasma Membrane
=> Mitochondria
=> Ribosomes
=> Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) and Function of Endoplasmic Reticulum
=> Golgi apparatus
=> Lysosomes
=> Centrioles
=> Animal Nucleus or Human Nucleus
=> Chromosomes of Animal Nucleus or Human Nucleus
=> Cancer biology
=> Molecular biology of cancer
=> Types of cancer and factor causes cancer
=> Cancer and death
=> Management of cancer : Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy

HUMAN ANATOMY


=> History of Human anatomy
=> The Integumentary System - Skin and hypodermis
=> The Integumentary System - hypodermis, Epidermis, Callus, Skin color, Hair, glands, Nails
=> Human Skeletal System
=> Structure of a typical long bone
=> Skull - Human Skeletal system
=> Vertebrae - Human Skeletal system
=> Rib cage - Human Skeletal system
=> Appendicular skeleton - Pectoral girdle, Pectoral girdle, Pelvic girdle or pelvis, Wrist, Hand, Leg, Ankle, Foot, Kinds of joints, Fibrous joints, Cartilaginous joints, Synovial joints
=> Human Muscular System and Types of Muscular System
=> Skeletal muscles - Human Muscular System
=> Shapes of muscles and Naming of muscles - Human Muscular System
=> Distribution of human muscles - Muscles of the human head, Muscles of the Neck region, Muscles of the Trunk region, Muscles of the upper limb, Muscles of the lower limb
=> Human Entire Digestive system process with diagram - Mouth or Buccal cavity, Tongue, Teeth, Salivary glands, Pharynx, Stomach, Small intestine, Duodenum, Jejunum and ileum, Liver, Gall bladder, Pancreas, Caecum, Colon, Rectum, Anal canal
=> Human Respiratory system with diagram - Nasal cavity, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Lungs, Thoracic wall and muscles of respirations
=> The Human Circulatory System - Systemic and Pulmonary circulations - Pulmonary circulation, Systemic circulation, Portal circulation
=> Components of Human Circulatory system : Blood vessels, Types of blood vessels, The Heart
=> The Human Heart structure with diagram
=> Human Lymphatic system - Lymphoid cells and tissues, Thymus, Lymph nodes, Spleen, Tonsils, The lymphatic circulation
=> The structure of a peripheral nerve : Central nervous system (C N S) Peripheral nervous system Autonomous nervous system , brain
=> Human Brain : Prosencephalon (Fore brain), Mesencephalon (mid brain), Rhombencephalon (hind brain), Brain stem, Pachymenix, Leptomeninges
=> The Eye - Sensory Organ
=> Ears (The organs of hearing) - The Sensory Organ
=> Endocrine system and glands : Pituitary gland (or) Hypophysis, thyroid, parathy roids, pancreas, adrenals, testes and ovaries
=> Urinary system : kidneys (renes), ureters, the uri-nary bladder (vesica urinaria) and the urethra
=> Male reproductive organs
=> Female reproductive organs

GENETICS


=> GENETICS
=> Quantitive inheritance - GENETICS
=> Genetics : Sex determination in Human beings
=> Male haploidy or Haplo-diploidy mechanism
=> Genetics : Sex - linked Inheritance
=> Genetics : Pleiotropy

DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY


=> Developmental Biology - Gametogenesis, Spermatogenesis, Oogenesis, Fertilization
=> Types of eggs
=> Cleavage and types - Frog's egg
=> Gastrulation in frog embryo
=> Organogenesis of Frog

ECONOMIC ZOOLOGY


=> Corals - reef builders - ECONOMIC ZOOLOGY
=> Earthworm - Vermiculture
=> Uses and types of Beneficial Insects : Productive Insects - Honey bee, Silk worms, Lac insects. Helpful Insects : Insect - Predators
=> Prawns, Lobsters and Crabs - ECONOMIC ZOOLOGY
=> Pearl Oyster
=> Fishes - Nutritive value
=> Guano (Bird excreta)
=> Aquarium - Setting up an aquarium tank
=> Vivarium ( Zoo ) and List of important Zoos
=> Disease causing organisms - Vectors : Housefly - Musca domestica, Sand flies - Phlebotomus papatasi, Rat fleas - Xenopsylla cheopis, The human louse - Pediculus humanus, Mosquitoes : Anopheles, Culex, Aedes sp
=> Poisonous Organisms : Physalia, Scorpion, Centipede, Honey bees and Wasps, Poisonous fishes, Poisonous snakes
=> Poisonous snakes : Cobra, Krait, Vipers, Sea Snakes and Poison Apparatus of a Snake
=> Fouling Organisms
=> Pests - Pests of Crops : Cotton, Paddy, Sugarcane, Vegetables, Coconut palm, Stored grains, household goods

ORIGIN OF LIFE


=> ORIGIN OF LIFE - Theories
=> Geological time scale : Palaeozoic era, Mesozoic era, Cenozoic era
=> Fossils : Fossilization, Evolutionary significance of fossils, List of Important fossils
=> Extinct animals-mass extinction : Causes and Pattern of extiniction



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