The PV diagrams for a thermodynamical system is given in the figure below. Calculate the total work done in each of the cyclic processes shown.
In the case (a) the closed curve is anticlockwise. So the net work done is negative, implying that the work done on the system is greater than the work done by the system. The area under the curve BC will give work done on the gas (isobaric compression) and area under the curve DA (work done by the system) will give the total work done by the system.
Area under the curve BC = Area of rectangle BC12 = 1 × 4= − 4J
Area under the curve DA = 1 × 2= + 2J
Net work done in cyclic process = −4 + 2= −2 J