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Definition, Solved Example Problems, Solution - Point of intersection of two straight lines | 12th Mathematics : UNIT 6 : Applications of Vector Algebra

Chapter: 12th Mathematics : UNIT 6 : Applications of Vector Algebra

Point of intersection of two straight lines

If the equations of straight lines are given in vector form, write them in cartesian form and proceed as above to find the point of intersection.

Point of intersection of two straight lines

If  are two lines, then every point on the line is of the form (x1 + sa1 , y1 + sa2 , z1 + sa3 ) and (x2 + tb1 , y2 + tb2 , z2 + tb3 ) respectively. If the lines are intersecting, then there must be a common point. So, at the point of intersection, for some values of s and t , we have


By solving any two of the above three equations, we obtain the values of s and t . If s and t satisfy the remaining equation, the lines are intersecting lines. Otherwise the lines are non-intersecting . Substituting the value of s , (or by substituting the value of t ), we get the point of intersection of two lines.

If the equations of straight lines are given in vector form, write them in cartesian form and proceed as above to find the point of intersection.

 

Example 6.33

Find the point of intersection of the lines 

Solution

Every point on the line  (say) is of the form (2s +1, 3s + 2, 4s + 3) and every point on the line (say) is of the form (5t + 4, 2t +1, t) . So, at the point of intersection, for some values of s and t , we have

(2s +1, 3s + 2, 4s + 3) = (5t + 4, 2t +1, t)

Therefore, 2s − 5t = 3, 3s − 2t = −1 and 4s t = −3 . Solving the first two equations we get t = −1, s = −1 . These values of s and t satisfy the third equation. Therefore, the given lines intersect. Substituting, these values of t or s in the respective points, the point of intersection is (−1, −1, −1) .

 

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12th Mathematics : UNIT 6 : Applications of Vector Algebra : Point of intersection of two straight lines | Definition, Solved Example Problems, Solution

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12th Mathematics : UNIT 6 : Applications of Vector Algebra


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