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Economics

1 Economic Growth and Development


-:- Indian Economy : Economic Growth and Development
-:- Characteristics of underdeveloped countries
-:- Role of the State in Economic Development
-:- Rostow's Stages of Economic Growth

2 Population


-:- Population and Factors determining population growth
-:- Causes of Population Explosion
-:- Population Explosion as an obstacle to Economic Development
-:- Steps to check rapid growth of population
-:- Theories of Population : Malthusian, Demographic Transition
-:- Census and The Use of Population Census
-:- Population growth in India and National Population Policy 2000 - Measures, Action Plans

3 Poverty and Unemployment


-:- Definitions of Poverty
-:- Types of poverty
-:- Poverty Line and Characteristics of Poor Households
-:- Causes of Poverty in India
-:- Land Reforms in India
-:- Unemployment
-:- Measures to Solve Unemployment Problem in India

4 National Income


-:- Definitions of National Income
-:- Basic Concepts of National Income - GNP, GDP, GNI, NNP, NNI, PCI
-:- Circular Flow of Income and Need for the Study of National Income
-:- Methods of Calculating National Income
-:- Problems in calculating National Income
-:- National Income Series in India

5 Economic Planning


-:- Meaning and Need for Economic Planning and Laissez faire
-:- Characteristics of Economic Planning
-:- Types of Planning
-:- Evolution and Objectives of Planning in India
-:- National Income - Hindu rate of growth
-:- Ninth(9th) Five Year Plan (1997 - 2002) - India
-:- Tenth(10th) Five Year Plan (2002 - 2007) - India

6 Agriculture


-:- Role of Agriculture in Economic Development
-:- Relationship between Agricultural and non-agricultural sector
-:- Components of Agricultural Growth
-:- Agricul.tural Crops and Cropping Pattern
-:- Importance of agricultural marketing
-:- Nature and Causes of food problem in India
-:- Food policy of Government of India
-:- Public Distribution System (PDS)
-:- Agricultural Price Policies of the Government - India
-:- Trends of Agricultural Productivity in India

7 Industrial Sector


-:- Need for Industrialisation
-:- Patterns of Industrial Development
-:- Significance of Public Sector
-:- Pattern of Indian Industrial Growth - Textiles, Cement, Sugar, Steel Industry
-:- Indian Industrial Policies
-:- New Industrial Policy 1991 - India
-:- Liberalization and Privatization
-:- Environmental Hazards
-:- Role of Small Scale Industries in Economic Development

8 Banking


-:- Indian Economy :History of Banking
-:- Definition of Banking
-:- Role of Banks in economic development
-:- Commercial Banks and Functions of Commercial Banks
-:- central bank - Definition, Functions
-:- Methods of credit control employed by the central bank
-:- Nationalisation of Banks

9 Foreign Trade


-:- Foreign Trade : Globalization, Liberalization
-:- Foreign Investment
-:- Evolution of Trade from barter system to money economy
-:- Need for International Trade
-:- Contribution of foreign trade to economic development
-:- International Monetary Fund (IMF)
-:- Trends in Foreign Trade
-:- Volume of India's foreign trade
-:- Composition and Direction of Trade - Export, Imports of India
-:- Balance of Trade and Balance of Payment
-:- The Role of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
-:- World Trade Organization (WTO) and Major Functions
-:- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
-:- Special Action Programme (SAP) and Structural Adjustment Facility (SAF)
-:- IFC, IDA, MIGA

10 Human Resource Development


-:- Human Resource Development
-:- HRD and Economic Development
-:- Educational Development in India since 1951
-:- Educational progress in Tamil Nadu
-:- Non - Formal Education (NFE) and Adult Literacy
-:- Early childhood care and education programme in India

11 Statistical Analysis and Measures of Central Tendency


-:- Statistical Analysis and Measures of Central Tendency
-:- Statistical Analysis : Classification of Data
-:- Difference between classification and Tabulation
-:- Types of Diagrams : 1.Bar chart 2.Pie chart 3.Pictograms or cartograms

1 Nature and Scope of Economics


-:- Nature and Scope of Economics
-:- Definitions of Economics
-:- Adam Smith's Definition (Wealth Definition)
-:- Alfred Marshall's Definition (Welfare Definition)
-:- Lionel Robbins' definition (Scarcity Definition)
-:- Samuelson's Definition (Modern Definition of Economics)

2 Basic Economic Problems


-:- Main Divisions of Economics
-:- Economics : positive or normative science ?
-:- Economics in relation to other social sciences
-:- Economics and Politics , Economics and History
-:- Economics and Ethics , Economics and psychology
-:- Economics, mathematics and statistics
-:- Economics as a science
-:- Methods of Economic Analysis
-:- Economic Laws and Importance of Economic Laws
-:- Characteristics and Classification of Wealth
-:- Goods
-:- Income and Types of Income
-:- Economics : Value and Price
-:- Markets and Classification of Markets
-:- Importance of Economics
-:- Basic Economic Problems and Economic Systems
-:- Capitalist Economy : salient features, Merits and Disadvantages
-:- Socialist Economy : salient features, Merits and Disadvantages
-:- Mixed Economy : salient features, Merits and Demerits
-:- Production Possibility Curve

3 Theory of Consumer Behaviour


-:- Theory of Consumer Behaviour
-:- Economics : Consumer Behaviour : Characteristics of wants
-:- Economics : Consumer Behavior : Classification of Wants
-:- Concept of Utility : Total, Marginal Utility
-:- Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility(DMU) - Definition, Explanation, Importance, Criticism
-:- Law Of Equi-Marginal Utility - Definition, Explanation, Importance, Criticism
-:- Limitations of the Equi-Marginal Utility Law
-:- Importance of Equi-Marginal Utility Law
-:- Consumer's surplus : Definition, Explanation, Importance, Criticism
-:- Indifference Curve Approach : Definition, Schedule, curve, map

4 Demand and Supply


-:- Law of Demand with Schedule and curve
-:- Exceptions to the Law of Demand
-:- Factors determining demand
-:- Elasticity of Demand and Types of Elasticity of Demand
-:- Importance of Elasticity of demand
-:- Factors determining supply
-:- Elasticity of supply : concept, Types, Factors determining

5 Equilibrium Price


-:- Equilibrium Price
-:- Shift in Demand and Supply
-:- Economics : Time Periods and Price Fixation

6 Production


-:- Production
-:- Factors of production : Land, Labour, Capital and Organisation
-:- Forms of Capital and Characteristics of capital
-:- Labour : Characteristics and Division of Labour
-:- Identifying the optimum combination of factors of production
-:- Short-run and Long-run production function
-:- Short-run production function - The law of variable proportions
-:- Long-run production function - Increasing, Constant, Decreasing Returns to Scale
-:- Characteristics of an isoquant
-:- Producer's Equilibrium and The Cobb Douglas Production Function
-:- Economies of Scale - Internal - Internal, External economies

7 Cost and Revenue


-:- Cost function, concepts and classifications
-:- Short run average cost curves - Average Fixed, Average variable and Average Total Cost
-:- Marginal Cost
-:- Long run Average Cost Curve (LAC)
-:- Accounting Cost and Economic cost
-:- Concepts Of Revenue : Average, Marginal Revenue(AR,MR)
-:- Measurement of Profit

8 Market Structure and Pricing


-:- Meaning, Definition and Characteristics of Market
-:- Classification of Markets according to Area, time, Competition
-:- Features and Conditions of perfect competition
-:- Nature of Revenue curves
-:- Monopoly : Characteristics and Causes
-:- Monopoly : Price and Output Determination : Advantages, Disadvantages
-:- Methods of Controlling Monopoly
-:- Definition and Conditions of Price Discrimination
-:- Characteristics of Monopolistic Competition
-:- Determination of Equilibrium price and output under monopolistic competition
-:- Wastages of Monopolistic competition
-:- Characteristics of Oligopoly

9 Marginal Productivity Theory of Distribution


-:- Marginal Productivity Theory of Distribution
-:- The Ricardian theory of Rent
-:- Modern Theory of Rent and Quasi-Rent
-:- Theories of wages
-:- Early theories of wages
-:- Recent Theories of wages
-:- Theories of Interest
-:- Loanable funds theory (Neo - classical theory) of Interest
-:- Liquidity preference theory (Keynesian theory) of interest
-:- Rent theory of profits

10 Simple Theory of Income Determination


-:- Simple Theory of Income Determination
-:- Say's Law of Market
-:- Keynesian Theory of Income Determination
-:- Keynesian Theory Aggregate Demand : Consumption Function
-:- Keynesian Theory Aggregate Demand : Inducement to invest (Investment function)
-:- Rate of interest: Liquidity Preference Theory
-:- Functions of Money
-:- Economics : Importance of Money
-:- Money supply and Reserve Money of India

11 Monetary Policy


-:- Monetary Policy of India
-:- Monetary Transmission
-:- Economics : Inflation and Deflation, Types of Inflation
-:- Effects of changes in prices
-:- Definition of Fiscal Policy or public finance
-:- Subject matter of public finance(Fiscal Policy)
-:- Meaning and definition of a tax
-:- Canons of Taxation
-:- Kinds or Types of tax
-:- Meaning, Definition and Kinds(Types) of Budget

12 Fiscal Policy


-:- Fiscal policy : Meaning, Objectives, Limitations of Fiscal policy