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Difference between classification and Tabulation
Classification is the process of grouping the data on the basis of some common characteristics. Tabulation is the process of placing the classified data in columns and rows.
Classification is the first step in tabulation. Tabulation process starts only after the classification is completed.
Classification is done for the purpose of tabulation whereas tabulation is done for the purpose of analysis of data.
Rules for tabulation
The important rules for tabulation are given below:
Number: Table must be arranged with number in order to identify the table
Title: Table must have a title. The title should be clear, brief and self-explanatory. It should convey the content and purpose of the table.
Stubs and Captions: Stubs are the row headings and Captions are column headings. Stubs and Captions should also be clear and brief.
Body of the table: The body of the table contains the numerical information. This is the most important part of the table and should contain only relevant information. Table should not be overloaded with details.
Spacing: Proper space should be provided in between various data presented in the table. It helps for easy identification of data. Proper spacing gives good appearance for the table.
Total: Total must be given for each column and row.
Head note: It is a brief explanation of the information given in the table. It is placed below the title in brackets
Footnotes: If any item presented in the table needs further explanation, it should be given at the end of the table.
Source: Source is an important requirement for the table. Source indicates the place or person from whom the information is collected. It gives more authenticity for the table.
The following is a specimen of table
Format of a table
Title: (Head note)
Row Entries Body
Foot note :
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