Difference between classification
Classification is the process of grouping the data on the
basis of some common characteristics. Tabulation is the process of placing the
classified data in columns and rows.
Classification is the first step in tabulation. Tabulation
process starts only after the classification is completed.
Classification is done for the purpose of tabulation whereas
tabulation is done for the purpose of analysis of data.
Rules for tabulation
important rules for tabulation are given below:
Number: Table must be arranged with number in order to identify the table
Title: Table must have a title. The title should be clear, brief
and self-explanatory. It should convey the content and purpose of the table.
Captions: Stubs are the row headings and
Captions are column headings. Stubs
and Captions should also be clear and brief.
Body of the
table: The body of the table contains the
numerical information. This is the
most important part of the table and should contain only relevant information.
Table should not be overloaded with details.
Spacing: Proper space should be provided in between various data presented in the table. It helps for
easy identification of data. Proper spacing gives good appearance for the
Total: Total must be given for each column and row.
It is a brief explanation of the
information given in the table. It
is placed below the title in brackets
If any item presented in the table
needs further explanation, it should
be given at the end of the table.
Source: Source is an important requirement for the table. Source indicates the place or person from
whom the information is collected. It gives more authenticity for the table.
following is a specimen of table
Format of a table
Title: (Head note)
Row Entries Body
Foot note :