Tenth Five Year Plan (2002 - 2007)
The Tenth Five Year Plan aimed at explicitly addressing the issues of equity and social justice. It fixed a target of 8 percent GDP growth rate for 2002 - 2007.
The key targets fixed for the Plan are as follows :
1.Reduction of poverty by 5 percentage points by 2007 and 15 percentage points by 2012.
2.Gainful employment to the addition to the labour force during the Plan period;
3.Universal access to Primary education by 2007 ;
4.Reduction in the decadal rate of population growth between 2001 to 2011 to 16.2 percent ;
5.Increase in literacy to 75 percent by 2007
6.Reduction in infant mortality rate (IMR) to 45 per 1000 live births by 2007 and to 28 by 2007;
7.Reduction of maternal mortality ratio (MMR) to 2 per 1000 live births by 2007 and to 1 by 2012.
8.Increase in forest and tree cover to 25 percent by 2007 and to 33 percent by 2012 ;
9.All villages to have access to potable water by 2012 ; and
10. Cleaning of all major polluted rivers by 2007.
The past experience raises doubts about fulfilment of many targets such as the GDP growth rate of 8 percent, and fulfilment of employment target. Agriculture and small scale industries are still at a low priority level. And there is too much of faith in the private sector.