| Botany |

Introduction to Botany

Online Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki and important questions and answers

Introduction to Botany

| Botany |


=> Plants, Botany, and Kingdoms
=> Taxonomy
=> Methods of Taxonomy and Diagnostics
=> Styles of Life and Basic Chemistry


=> Discovery of Photosynthesis
=> Photosynthesis: Light Stage
=> Photosynthesis: Enzymatic Stage
=> Photosynthesis: C4 Pathway

Symbiogenesis and the Plant Cell

=> Introduction to Cells
=> Mitochondria and Chloroplasts
=> Cell wall, Vacuoles, and Plasmodesmata
=> Protein Synthesis: from the Nucleus to the Ribosomes

Multicellularity the Cell Cycle and the Life Cycle

=> Mitosis and the Cell Cycle
=> Syngamy and Meiosis
=> Life cycle of the Unicellular Eukaryote
=> Life cycle of the Multicellular Eukaryote
=> Sporic, Zygotic and Gametic Life Cycles
=> Evolution of Multicellular Eukaryote Life Cycles
=> Life Cycle of Vegetabilia

Tissues and organs How the Plant is built

=> Epidermis and Parenchyma - Tissues
=> Supportive Tissues: Building Skyscrapers
=> Meristems: the Construction Sites
=> Vascular Tissues
=> Periderm
=> Absorption Tissues
=> Plant Organs and Organ Systems
=> The Leaf
=> Morphology of the Leaf
=> Anatomy of the Leaf
=> Ecological Forms of Plants
=> Morphology of the Stem
=> Anatomy of the Primary Stem
=> Morphology of the Root
=> Anatomy of the Root
=> Water and Sugar Transportation in Plants

Growing Diversity of Plants

=> Growing Diversity of Plants
=> Bryophyta: the mosses - Growing Diversity of Plants
=> Pteridophyta: the ferns - Growing Diversity of Plants
=> Diversity of pteridophytes
=> Heterospory: Next step on land

The Origin of Trees and Seeds

=> Secondary Stem
=> Branching Shoot
=> Modified Shoot
=> Life Forms - The Origin of Trees and Seeds
=> Origin of the Seed
=> Seeds Structure and Germination
=> Spermatophyta: seed plants

The Origin of Flowering

=> Upgraded Gymnosperms
=> Flower
=> Inflorescence - Origin of Flowering
=> Pollination - Origin of Flowering
=> Fruit
=> Three plant families you wanted to know but were too afraid to ask
=> Leguminosae, or Fabaceae - legume family
=> Compositae, or Asteraceae - aster family
=> Gramineae, or Poaceae - grass family

Plants and Earth

=> Geography of Vegetation
=> Geography of Vegetabilia

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