Many of the aches and pain exhibited by clients in a clinic originate from injury and damage to joints and their accessory structures. Those working as part of the health care team treating athletes, deal with ailments related to joints and muscles. Thorough knowledge of the structure of each joint, the range of motion possi-ble, and the muscles that make these movements pos-sible is important to treat such clients. In addition, a scheme for assessing each joint systematically is vital.
Each major joint in the body is described in this section in terms of the articular surfaces, type of joint, ligaments, movements possible, range of motion, list of muscles producing movements, an overview of physical assessment, and common ailments. (The in- formation provided below may be more than what is required by some schools of massage therapy. The student is advised to consult the curriculum or their instructors regarding requirements).