Many of the aches and pain exhibited by clients in a clinic
originate from injury and damage to joints and their accessory structures.
Those working as part of the health care team treating athletes, deal with
ailments related to joints and muscles. Thorough knowledge of the structure of
each joint, the range of motion possi-ble, and the muscles that make these
movements pos-sible is important to treat such clients. In addition, a scheme
for assessing each joint systematically is vital.
Each major joint in the body is described in this section in terms
of the articular surfaces, type of joint, ligaments, movements possible, range
of motion, list of muscles producing movements, an overview of physical
assessment, and common ailments. (The in- formation provided below may be more
than what is required by some schools of massage therapy. The student is
advised to consult the curriculum or their instructors regarding requirements).