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Chapter: 11th Chemistry : Thermodynamics

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Enthalpy Changes for Different Types of Reactions and Phase Transitions

The heat or enthalpy changes accompanying chemical reactions is expressed in different ways depending on the nature of the reaction.

Enthalpy Changes for Different Types of Reactions and Phase Transitions:

 

The heat or enthalpy changes accompanying chemical reactions is expressed in different ways depending on the nature of the reaction. These are discussed below.

 

Standard heat of formation

 

The standard heat of formation of a compound is defined as “the change in enthalpy that takes place when one mole of a compound is formed from its elements, present in their standard states (298 K and 1 bar pressure)". By convention the standard heat of formation of all elements is assigned a value of zero.

 

Fe(s)+ S(s) → FeS(s)

 

ΔHf0 = – 100.42 kJ mol−1

 

2C(s)+H2(g)→ C2H2(g)

 

ΔHf0= + 222.33 kJ mol−1

 

 

ΔHf0 = – 92.4 kJ mol−1

The standard heats of formation of some compounds are given in Table 7.4.



Tags : 11th Chemistry : Thermodynamics
Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail

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