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Chapter: 10th Mathematics : Algebra

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Exercise 3.1: System of Linear Equations in Three Variables

Maths Book back answers and solution for Exercise questions - Mathematics : Algebra: System of Linear Equations in Three Variables: Solve the following system of linear equations in three variables

Exercise 3.1

1. Solve the following system of linear equations in three variables

(i) + y + z = 5 ; 2x − y + z = 9 ;  2+ 3= 16




2. Discuss the nature of solutions of the following system of equations

(i) + 2 z = 6 ;  3 2+ 5= −12 ; x  2= 3

(ii) 2y + z = 3(−x + 1); −x + 3y − z = −4 ; 3x + 2y + z = −1/2

(iii) ;  x + y + z = 27



3. Vani, her father and her grand father have an average age of 53. One-half of her grand father’s age plus one-third of her father’s age plus one fourth of Vani’s age is 65. Four years ago if Vani’s grandfather was four times as old as Vani then how old are they all now ?



4. The sum of the digits of a three-digit number is 11. If the digits are reversed, the new number is 46 more than five times the former number. If the hundreds digit plus twice the tens digit is equal to the units digit, then find the original three digit number ?



5. There are 12 pieces of five, ten and twenty rupee currencies whose total value is ₹105. When first 2 sorts are interchanged in their numbers its value will be increased by ₹20. Find the number of currencies in each sort.



Answers:

1. (i) 2, -1 , 4

(ii) 1/2, 1/3, 1/4 (iii) 35, 30, 25

2.(i) infinitely many solution (ii) no solution (iii) unique solution

3. 24 years, 51 years, 84 years

4. 137

5. 7, 3, 2

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