Monochrome TV receiver
The simplified block diagram of a black and white TV receiver is shown in Fig . The receiving antenna intercepts radiated RF signals and the tuner selects the desired channel frequency band. The antenna provides RF picture and sound signals for the RF amplifier stage. The RF amplifier stage is then coupled into the mixer stage. The mixture is connected to the local oscillator. The RF audio and video signals are heterodyned into intermediate frequency by the mixer and local oscillator. The RF amplifier, mixer and local oscillator stages are combinely called as the RF tuner. The output signal from the tuner circuit is amplified by using a common IF amplifier. Then the video and audio components are separated by a detector. The sound signals are detected from FM waves, amplified and then fed into the loud speaker, which reproduce the sound.
The video components are first passed into a detector which separates the picture signal from the synchronising pulses. The line synchronising pulses and the frame synchronising pulses are fed into the horizontal and vertical deflector plates of the picture tube. The blanking pulses are given to the control grid of the electron gun of the picture tube. The picture signals are applied to the filament of the electron gun of the picture tube. According to the variations of potential in the picture, electrons are emitted from the electron gun. Thus, the intensity of the fluorescent screen of the picture tube is in accordance with the variation of potential in the picture and the picture is reproduced.