Applications of X-rays
X-rays have a number of applications. Some of
them are listed below:
(i) X-rays are being widely used for detecting
fractures, tumours, the presence of foreign matter like bullet etc., in the
(ii) X-rays are also used for the diagnosis of
tuberculosis, stones in kidneys, gall bladder etc.
types of skin diseases, malignant sores, cancer and tumours have been cured by
controlled exposure of X-rays of suitable quality.
are used to destroy tumours very deep inside the body.
(i) X-rays are used to detect the defects or flaws
within a material
can be used for testing the homogeneity of welded joints, insulating materials
(iii) X-rays are used to analyse the structure of
alloys and the other composite bodies.
(iv) X-rays are also used to study the structure of
materials like rubber, cellulose, plastic fibres etc.
(i) X-rays are used for studying the structure of
crystalline solids and alloys.
are used for the identification of chemical elements including determination of
their atomic numbers.
can be used for analyzing the structure of complex molecules by examining their
X-ray diffraction pattern.