Solved Example Problems for Kinetic energy
Two objects of masses 2 kg and 4 kg are moving with the same momentum of 20 kg m s-1.
a. Will they have same kinetic energy?
b. Will they have same speed?
a. The kinetic energy of the mass is given by
Note that KE1 ≠ KE2 i.e., even though both are having the same momentum, the kinetic energy of both masses is not the same. The kinetic energy of the heavier object has lesser kinetic energy than smaller mass. It is because the kinetic energy is inversely proportional to the mass (KE ∝ 1/m) for a given momentum.
b. As the momentum, p = mv, the two objects will not have same speed.