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Chapter: 11th 12th std standard Class Physics sciense Higher secondary school College Notes

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Effect of frequency of incident radiation on stopping potential

Effect of frequency of incident radiation on stopping potential
Keeping the photosensitive plate (C) and intensity of incident radiation a constant, the effect of frequency of the incident radiations on stopping potential is studied. Fig shows the variation of the photo electric current with the applied potential difference V for three different frequencies.

Effect of frequency of incident radiation on stopping potential

Keeping the photosensitive plate (C) and intensity of incident radiation a constant, the effect of frequency of the incident radiations on stopping potential is studied. Fig  shows the variation of the photo electric current with the applied potential difference V for three different frequencies. From the graph, it is found that higher the frequency of the incident radiation, higher is the value of stopping potential Vo. For frequencies ν3 > ν2 > ν 1, the corresponding stopping potentials are in the same order (Vo )3 > (Vo )2 > (Vo )1.

It is concluded from the graph that, the maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectrons varies linearly with the frequency of incident radiation but is independent of its intensity.


IIf the frequency of the incident radiation is plotted against the corresponding stopping potential, a straight line is obtained as shown in Fig 7.5. From this graph, it is found that at a frequency νo, the value of the stopping potential is zero. This frequency is known as the threshold frequency for the photo metal used. The photoelectric effect occurs above this frequency and ceases below it. Therefore, threshold frequency is defined as the minimum frequency of incident radiation below which the photoelectric emission is not possible completely, however high the intensity of incident radiation may be. The threshold frequency is different for different metals.


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