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Chapter: 11th Chemistry : Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry

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Choose the best answer: Chemistry: Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry

1 mark questions and answers, Choose the best answer: Chemistry: Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry


1. Select the molecule which has only one π bond.

a) CH3– CH = CH – CH3

b) CH3– CH = CH – CHO

c) CH3– CH = CH – COOH

d) All of these

 

2. In the hydrocarbon


state of hybridisation of carbon 1,2,3,4 and 7 are in the following sequence.

a) sp, sp, sp3, sp2, sp3

b) sp2, sp, sp3, sp2, sp3

c) sp, sp, sp2, sp, sp3

d) none of these

 

3. The general formula for alkadiene is

a) CnH2n

b) CnH2n-1

c) CnH2n-2

d) CnHn-2

 

4. Structure of the compound whose IUPAC name is 5,6 - dimethylhept - 2 - ene is


Ans: a

 

5. The IUPAC name of the Compound is


a) 2,3 - Diemethylheptane

b) 3- Methyl -4- ethyloctane

c) 5-ethyl -6-methyloctane

d) 4-Ethyl -3 - methyloctane.

 

6. Which one of the following names does not fit a real name?

a) 3 – Methyl –3–hexanone

b) 4–Methyl –3– hexanone

c) 3– Methyl –3– hexanol

d) 2– Methyl cyclo hexanone.

 

7. The IUPAC name of the compound CH3–CH= CH – C CH is

a) Pent - 4 - yn-2-ene

b) Pent -3-en-l-yne

c) pent – 2– en – 4 – yne

d) Pent – 1 – yn –3 –ene

 

8.  IUPAC name of

 is

a) 3,4,4 – Trimethylheptane

b) 2 – Ethyl –3, 3– dimethyl heptane

c) 3, 4,4 – Trimethyloctane

d) 2 – Butyl -2 –methyl – 3 – ethyl-butane.

 

9. The IUPAC name of

 is

a) 2,4,4 – Trimethylpent -2-ene

b) 2,4,4 – Trimethylpent -3-ene

c) 2,2,4 – Trimethylpent -3-ene

d) 2,2,4 – Trimethylpent -2-ene

 

10. The IUPAC name of the compound


a) 3 – Ethyl -2– hexene

b) 3 – Propyl -3– hexene

c) 4 – Ethyl – 4 – hexene

d) 3 – Propyl -2-hexene

 

11. The IUPAC name of the compound


a) 2 – Hydroxypropionic acid

b) 2 – Hydroxy Propanoic acid

c) Propan – 2– ol –1 – oic acid

d) 1 – Carboxyethanol.

 

12. The IUPAC name of


a) 2 – Bromo -3 – methyl butanoic acid

b) 2 - methyl - 3- bromobutanoic acid

c) 3 - Bromo - 2 - methylbutanoic acid

d) 3 - Bromo - 2, 3 - dimethyl propanoic acid.

 

13. The structure of isobutyl group in an organ-ic compound is


Ans: c

 

14. The number of stereoisomers of 1, 2 – dihy-droxy cyclopentane

a) 1

b)2

c) 3

d) 4

 

15. Which of the following is optically active?

a) 3 – Chloropentane

b) 2 Chloro propane

c) Meso – tartaric acid

d) Glucose

 

16. The isomer of ethanol is

a) acetaldehyde

b) dimethylether

c) acetone

d) methyl carbinol

 

17. How many cyclic and acyclic isomers are possible for the molecular formula C3H6O?

a) 4

b) 5

c) 9

d) 10

 

18. Which one of the following shows functional isomerism?

a) ethylene

b) Propane

c) ethanol

d) CH2Cl2

 

19. 

a) resonating structure

b) tautomers

c) Optical isomers

d) Conformers.

 

20. Nitrogen detection in an organic compound is carried out by Lassaigne’s test. The blue colour formed is due to the formation of.

a) Fe3[Fe(CN)6]2

b) Fe4[Fe(CN)6]3

c) Fe4[Fe(CN)6]2

d) Fe3 [Fe(CN)6]3

 

21. Lassaigne’s test for the detection of nitrogen fails in

a) H2N – CO– NH.NH2.HCl

b) NH2 – NH2. HCl

c) C6H5 – NH – NH2. HCl

d) C6H5 CONH2

 

22. Connect pair of compounds which give blue colouration / precipitate and white precipi-tate respectively, when their Lassaigne’s test is separately done.

a) NH2 NH2 HCl  and ClCH2–CHO

b) NH2 CS NH2 and CH3 – CH2Cl

c) NH2 CH2 COOH and NH2 CONH2

d) C6H5NH2 and ClCH2 – CHO.

 

23. Sodium nitropruside reacts with sulphide ion to give a purple colour due to the for-mation of

a) [Fe(CN)5 NO]3-

b) [Fe(NO)5 CN]+

c) [Fe(CN)5NOS]4-

d) [Fe (CN)5 NOS]3-

 

24. An organic Compound weighing 0.15g gave on carius estimation, 0.12g of silver bromide. The percentage of bromine in the Compound will be close to

a) 46%

b) 34%

c) 3.4%

d) 4.6%

 

25. A sample of 0.5g of an organic compound was treated according to Kjeldahl’s method. The ammonia evolved was absorbed in 50mL of 0.5M H2SO4. The remaining acid after neutralisation by ammonia consumed 80mL of 0.5 MNaOH, The percentage of nitrogen in the organic compound is.

a) 14%

b) 28%

c) 42%

d) 56%

 

26. In an organic compound, phosphorus is estimated as

a) Mg2P2O7

b) Mg3(PO4)2

c) H3PO4

d) P2O5

 

27. Ortho and para-nitro phenol can be separated by

a) azeotropic distillation

b) destructive distillation

c) steam distillation

d) cannot be separated

 

28. The purity of an organic compound is determined by

a) Chromatography

b) Crystallisation

c) melting or boiling point

d) both (a) and (c)

 

29. A liquid which decomposes at its boiling point can be purified by

a) distillation at atmospheric pressure

b) distillation under reduced pressure

c) fractional distillation

d) steam distillation.

 

30. Assertion:


Reason: The principal functional group gets lowest number followed by double bond (or) triple bond.

a) both the assertion and reason are true and the reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

b) both assertion and reason are true and the reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.

c) assertion is true but reason is false

d) both the assertion and reason are false.

 

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